Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Many young adolescents are dissatisfied with their body due to a discrepancy between their ideal and actual body size, which can lead to weight cycling, eating disorders, depression, and obesity. The current study examined the associations of parental and peer factors with fifth-graders’ body image discrepancy, physical self-worth as a mediator between parental and peer factors and body image discrepancy, and how these associations vary by child’s sex. Body image discrepancy was defined as the difference between young adolescents’ self-perceived body size and the size they believe a person their age should be. Data for this study came from Healthy Passages, which surveyed 5,147 fifth graders (51 % females; 34 % African American, 35 % Latino, 24 % White, and 6 % other) and their primary caregivers from the United States. Path analyses were conducted separately for boys and girls. The findings for boys suggest father nurturance and getting along with peers are related negatively to body image discrepancy; however, for girls, fear of negative evaluation by peers is related positively to body image discrepancy. For both boys and girls, getting along with peers and fear of negative evaluation by peers are related directly to physical self-worth. In addition, mother nurturance is related positively to physical self-worth for girls, and father nurturance is related positively to physical self-worth for boys. In turn, physical self-worth, for both boys and girls, is related negatively to body image discrepancy. The findings highlight the potential of parental and peer factors to reduce fifth graders’ body image discrepancy.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Altabe, M., & Thompson, J. K. (1992). Size estimation versus figural ratings of body image disturbance: Relation to body dissatisfaction and eating dysfunction. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11, 397–402. CrossRef
Ata, R. N., Ludden, A. B., & Lally, M. M. (2007). The effects of gender and family, friend, and media influences on eating behaviors and body image during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 1024–1037. CrossRef
Barnes, G. M., & Windle, M. (1987). Family factors in adolescent alcohol and drug abuse. Pediatrician, 14, 13–18. PubMed
Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11, 56–95. CrossRef
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment. New York, NY: Basic Books, Inc.
Cash, T. F., & Pruzinsky, T. (2002). Future challenges for body image theory, research, and clinical, practice. In T. F. Cash & T. Pruzinsky (Eds.), Body images: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice (pp. 509–516). New York: Guilford Press.
Clark, L. S., & Tiggemann, M. (2006). Appearance culture in nine to 12-year old girls: Media and peer influences on body dissatisfaction. Social Development, 15, 628–643. CrossRef
Clark, L. S., & Tiggemann, M. (2007). Sociocultural influences and body image in 9 to 12-year old girls: The role of appearance schemas. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 36(1), 76–86.
Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1985). Applied multiple regression and correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Collins, M. E. (1991). Body figure perceptions and preferences among preadolescent children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 199–208. CrossRef
Cousineaua, T. M., Frankob, D. L., Trantc, M., Rancourtd, D., Ainscoughc, J., Chaudhuric, A., et al. (2010). Teaching adolescents about changing bodies: Randomized controlled trial of an Internet puberty education and body dissatisfaction prevention program. Body Image, 7(4), 296–300. CrossRef
Gardner, R. M., Sorter, R. G., & Friedman, B. N. (1997). Developmental changes in children’s body images. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12, 1019–1036.
Harter, S. (1983). Developmental perspectives on self-system. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 275–283). New York: Wiley.
Harter, S. (1990). Causes, correlates, and the functional role of global self-worth: A life-span perspective. In J. Kolligian & R. Sternberg (Eds.), Competence considered (pp. 67–98). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Coventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Kuczmarski, R. J., Ogden, C. L., & Grummer-Strawn, L. M. (2000). CDC growth charts: United States. Advance Data, 314, 1–27. PubMed
LaGreca, A. M., Dandes, S. K., Wick, P., Shaw, K., & Stone, W. L. (1988). Development of the social anxiety scale for children: Reliability and concurrent validity. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 84–91. CrossRef
Maccoby, E. (2007). Historical overview of socialization research and theory. In J. E. Grusec & P. D. Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of socialization: Theory and research (pp. 13–41). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Marsiglio, W., Amato, P., Day, R. D., & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Scholarship on fatherhood in the 1990’s and beyond. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62, 279–300. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
O’Dea, J. A., & Yager, Z. (2011). School-based psychoeducational approaches to prevention. In T. F. Cash & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body images: A handbook of science, practice, and prevention (2nd ed., pp. 434–441). New York: Guilford Press.
Oliver, K. K., & Thelen, M. H. (1996). Children’s perceptions of peer influence on eating concerns. Behavior Therapy, 27, 25–39. CrossRef
Phares, V., Steinberg, A. R., & Thompson, J. K. (2004). Gender differences in peer and parental influences: Body image disturbance, self-worth, and psychological functioning in preadolescent children. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 421–429. CrossRef
Ricciardelli, L. A., Mccabe, M. P., Holt, K. E., & Finemore, J. (2003). A biopsycholosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, 475–495. CrossRef
Ricciardelli, L. A., McCabe, M. P., Lillis, J., & Thomas, K. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of the development of weight and muscle concerns among preadolescent boys. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 177–187. CrossRef
Robins, R. W., & Trzesniewski, K. H. (2005). Self-esteem development across the lifespan. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4(3), 158–162. CrossRef
Schafer, J. L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. London: Chapman & Hall. CrossRef
Steinberg, A. B., & Phares, V. (2001). Family functioning, body image, and eating disturbances. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 127–147). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Tiggemann, M. (1996). ‘Thinking’ versus ‘Feeling’ fat: Correlates of two indices of body image dissatisfaction. Australian Journal of Psychology, 48, 21–25. CrossRef
van de Berg, P. A., Mond, J., Eisenberg, M., Ackard, D., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2010). The link between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in adolescents: Similarities across gender, age, weight, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47, 290–296. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Wallander, J. L., Taylor, W. C., Grunbaum, J. A., Franklin, F., Harrison, G. G., Kelder, S. H., et al. (2009). Weight status, quality of life, and self-concept in African American, Hispanic, and White fifth-grade children. Obesity, 17, 1363–1368. PubMed
Wentzel, K. R., & Feldman, S. S. (1996). Relations of cohesion and power in family dyads to social and emotional adjustment. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 6, 225–244.
- Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls
Shannon L. Michael
Marc N. Elliott
Patricia J. Dittus
David E. Kanouse
Jan L. Wallander
Keryn E. Pasch
Wendell C. Taylor
Frank A. Franklin
Mark A. Schuster
- Springer US