Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2015

01-02-2015 | Original Article

Parent–Child Conflict and Early Childhood Adjustment in Two-Parent Low-Income Families: Parallel Developmental Processes

Auteurs: Chelsea M. Weaver, Daniel S. Shaw, Jennifer L. Crossan, Thomas J. Dishion, Melvin N. Wilson

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 1/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Parent–child conflict is central to most intervention models focused on reducing child problem behavior, yet few longitudinal studies have examined these processes during early childhood. The current study investigates (1) growth in mother–child and father figure (FF)–child conflict, (2) associations between trajectories of mother–child and FF–child conflict and children’s adjustment; and (3) intervention effects in attenuating conflict. Participants are 195 ethnically diverse mother–FF–child triads drawn from a larger parenting intervention study for families with children at risk for developing conduct problems. Mother–child conflict decreased from ages 2 to 4, but decreases were unrelated to changes in children’s adjustment problems. In contrast, the slope of FF–child conflict was positively related to the slope of child externalizing behaviors. Random assignment to a family-centered parenting intervention predicted rate of decline in mother–child conflict. Findings are discussed with respect to developmental patterns of parent–child conflict in early childhood and implications for prevention.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Ainsworth MDS (1978) Patterns of attachment: a psychological study of the strange situation. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale Ainsworth MDS (1978) Patterns of attachment: a psychological study of the strange situation. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale
2.
go back to reference Bowlby J (1969) Attachment and loss. Basic Books, New York Bowlby J (1969) Attachment and loss. Basic Books, New York
3.
go back to reference Pianta RC (1997) Adult–child relationship processes and early schooling. Early Educ Dev 8:11–26 CrossRef Pianta RC (1997) Adult–child relationship processes and early schooling. Early Educ Dev 8:11–26 CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Masten AS (1989) Vulnerability, stress, and resilience in the early development of a high risk child. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 28:274–278 PubMedCrossRef Masten AS (1989) Vulnerability, stress, and resilience in the early development of a high risk child. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 28:274–278 PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference Davies PT, Cummings EM (1994) Marital conflict and child adjustment: an emotional security hypothesis. Psychol Bull 116:387–411 PubMedCrossRef Davies PT, Cummings EM (1994) Marital conflict and child adjustment: an emotional security hypothesis. Psychol Bull 116:387–411 PubMedCrossRef
6.
go back to reference Patterson GR, Dishion TJ (1988) Multilevel family process models: traits, interactions, and relationships. In: Hinde R, Stevenson-Hinde J (eds) Relationships within families: mutual influences. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 283–310 Patterson GR, Dishion TJ (1988) Multilevel family process models: traits, interactions, and relationships. In: Hinde R, Stevenson-Hinde J (eds) Relationships within families: mutual influences. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 283–310
7.
go back to reference Patterson GR, Reid JB, Dishion TJ (1998) Antisocial boys. In: Jenkins JM, Oatley K (eds) Human emotions: a reader. Blackwell Publishers, Malden, pp 220–226 Patterson GR, Reid JB, Dishion TJ (1998) Antisocial boys. In: Jenkins JM, Oatley K (eds) Human emotions: a reader. Blackwell Publishers, Malden, pp 220–226
8.
go back to reference Deater-Deckard K, Dodge KA, Bates JE, Petit GS (1996) Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Dev Psychol 32:1065–1072 CrossRef Deater-Deckard K, Dodge KA, Bates JE, Petit GS (1996) Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Dev Psychol 32:1065–1072 CrossRef
9.
go back to reference Gilliom M, Shaw DS (2004) Codevelopment of externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. Dev Psychopathol 16:313–333 PubMedCrossRef Gilliom M, Shaw DS (2004) Codevelopment of externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. Dev Psychopathol 16:313–333 PubMedCrossRef
10.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Winslow EB, Owens EB, Vondra JI, Cohn JF, Bell RQ (1998) The development of early externalizing problems among children from low-income families: a transformational perspective. J Abnorm Child Psychol 26:95–107 PubMedCrossRef Shaw DS, Winslow EB, Owens EB, Vondra JI, Cohn JF, Bell RQ (1998) The development of early externalizing problems among children from low-income families: a transformational perspective. J Abnorm Child Psychol 26:95–107 PubMedCrossRef
11.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Lacourse E, Nagin DS (2003) Developmental trajectories of conduct problems and hyperactivity from ages 2 to 10. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:931–942 CrossRef Shaw DS, Lacourse E, Nagin DS (2003) Developmental trajectories of conduct problems and hyperactivity from ages 2 to 10. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:931–942 CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Moilanen KL, Shaw DS, Dishion TJ, Gardner F, Wilson MN (2009) Predictors of longitudinal growth in inhibitory control in early childhood. Soc Dev 19:326–347 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Moilanen KL, Shaw DS, Dishion TJ, Gardner F, Wilson MN (2009) Predictors of longitudinal growth in inhibitory control in early childhood. Soc Dev 19:326–347 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Burt SA, Krueger RF, McGue M, Iacono WG (2003) Parent–child conflict and the comorbidity among childhood externalizing disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:505–513 PubMedCrossRef Burt SA, Krueger RF, McGue M, Iacono WG (2003) Parent–child conflict and the comorbidity among childhood externalizing disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:505–513 PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference El-Sheikh M, Elmore-Stratton L (2004) The link between marital conflict and child adjustment: parent–child conflict and perceived attachments as mediators, potentiators, and mitigators of risk. Dev Psychopathol 16:631–648 PubMedCrossRef El-Sheikh M, Elmore-Stratton L (2004) The link between marital conflict and child adjustment: parent–child conflict and perceived attachments as mediators, potentiators, and mitigators of risk. Dev Psychopathol 16:631–648 PubMedCrossRef
15.
go back to reference Trentacosta CJ, Criss MM, Shaw DS, Lacourse E, Hyde LW, Dishion TJ (2011) Antecedents and outcomes of joint trajectories of mother–son conflict and warmth during middle childhood and adolescence. Child Dev 82:1676–1690 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Trentacosta CJ, Criss MM, Shaw DS, Lacourse E, Hyde LW, Dishion TJ (2011) Antecedents and outcomes of joint trajectories of mother–son conflict and warmth during middle childhood and adolescence. Child Dev 82:1676–1690 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
16.
go back to reference Burt SA, McGue M, Krueger RF, Iacono WG (2005) How are parent–child conflict and childhood externalizing symptoms related over time? Results from a genetically informative cross-lagged study. Dev Psychopathol 17:145–165 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Burt SA, McGue M, Krueger RF, Iacono WG (2005) How are parent–child conflict and childhood externalizing symptoms related over time? Results from a genetically informative cross-lagged study. Dev Psychopathol 17:145–165 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
17.
go back to reference Ingoldsby EM, Shaw DS, Winslow E, Schonberg M, Gilliom M, Criss MM (2006) Neighborhood disadvantage, parent–child conflict, neighborhood peer relationships, and early antisocial behavior problem trajectories. J Abnor Child Psychol 34:293–309 CrossRef Ingoldsby EM, Shaw DS, Winslow E, Schonberg M, Gilliom M, Criss MM (2006) Neighborhood disadvantage, parent–child conflict, neighborhood peer relationships, and early antisocial behavior problem trajectories. J Abnor Child Psychol 34:293–309 CrossRef
18.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Criss MM, Schonberg MA, Beck JE (2004) The development of family hierarchies and their relation to children’s conduct problems. Dev Psychopathol 16:483–500 PubMedCrossRef Shaw DS, Criss MM, Schonberg MA, Beck JE (2004) The development of family hierarchies and their relation to children’s conduct problems. Dev Psychopathol 16:483–500 PubMedCrossRef
19.
go back to reference Klahr AM, McGue M, Iacono WG, Burt SA (2011) The association between parent–child conflict and adolescent conduct problems over time: results from a longitudinal adoption study. J Abnor Psychol 120:46 CrossRef Klahr AM, McGue M, Iacono WG, Burt SA (2011) The association between parent–child conflict and adolescent conduct problems over time: results from a longitudinal adoption study. J Abnor Psychol 120:46 CrossRef
20.
go back to reference Gorman-Smith D, Tolan PH, Henry DBB (2000) A developmental-ecological model of the relation of family functioning to patterns of delinquency. J Quant Crim 16:169–198 CrossRef Gorman-Smith D, Tolan PH, Henry DBB (2000) A developmental-ecological model of the relation of family functioning to patterns of delinquency. J Quant Crim 16:169–198 CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Harrist AW, Ainslie RC (1998) Marital discord and child behavior problems parent–child relationship quality and child interpersonal awareness as mediators. J Fam Issues 19:140–163 CrossRef Harrist AW, Ainslie RC (1998) Marital discord and child behavior problems parent–child relationship quality and child interpersonal awareness as mediators. J Fam Issues 19:140–163 CrossRef
22.
go back to reference Branje SJ, Hale WW III, Frijns T, Meeus WH (2010) Longitudinal associations between perceived parent–child relationship quality and depressive symptoms in adolescence. J Abnor Child Psychol 38:751–763 CrossRef Branje SJ, Hale WW III, Frijns T, Meeus WH (2010) Longitudinal associations between perceived parent–child relationship quality and depressive symptoms in adolescence. J Abnor Child Psychol 38:751–763 CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Sentse M, Laird RD (2010) Parent–child relationships and dyadic friendship experiences as predictors of behavior problems in early adolescence. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 39:873–884 PubMedCrossRef Sentse M, Laird RD (2010) Parent–child relationships and dyadic friendship experiences as predictors of behavior problems in early adolescence. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 39:873–884 PubMedCrossRef
24.
go back to reference Driscoll K, Pianta RC (2011) Mothers’ and fathers’ perceptions of conflict and closeness in parent–child relationships during early childhood. J Early Child Infant Psychol 7:1–24 Driscoll K, Pianta RC (2011) Mothers’ and fathers’ perceptions of conflict and closeness in parent–child relationships during early childhood. J Early Child Infant Psychol 7:1–24
25.
go back to reference Conger RD, Wallace LE, Sun Y, Simons RL, McLoyd VC, Brody GH (2002) Economic pressure in African American families: a replication and extension of the family stress model. Dev Psychol 38:179 PubMedCrossRef Conger RD, Wallace LE, Sun Y, Simons RL, McLoyd VC, Brody GH (2002) Economic pressure in African American families: a replication and extension of the family stress model. Dev Psychol 38:179 PubMedCrossRef
27.
go back to reference Leventhal T, Brooks-Gunn J (2000) The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychol Bull 126:309 PubMedCrossRef Leventhal T, Brooks-Gunn J (2000) The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychol Bull 126:309 PubMedCrossRef
28.
go back to reference Mistry RS, Vandewater EA, Huston AC, McLoyd VC (2002) Economic well-being and children’s social adjustment: the role of family process in an ethnically diverse low-income sample. Child Dev 73:935–951 PubMedCrossRef Mistry RS, Vandewater EA, Huston AC, McLoyd VC (2002) Economic well-being and children’s social adjustment: the role of family process in an ethnically diverse low-income sample. Child Dev 73:935–951 PubMedCrossRef
29.
go back to reference Sameroff AJ (1995) General systems theories and developmental psychopathology. Developmental psychopathology, vol 1: theory and methods. In: Cicchetti D, Cohen DJ (eds) Developmental psychopathology, vol 1: theory and methods, Wiley series on personality processes. Wiley, Oxford, pp 659–695 Sameroff AJ (1995) General systems theories and developmental psychopathology. Developmental psychopathology, vol 1: theory and methods. In: Cicchetti D, Cohen DJ (eds) Developmental psychopathology, vol 1: theory and methods, Wiley series on personality processes. Wiley, Oxford, pp 659–695
30.
go back to reference Bell RQ (1968) A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychol Rev 75:81–95 PubMedCrossRef Bell RQ (1968) A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychol Rev 75:81–95 PubMedCrossRef
31.
go back to reference Patterson GR (1982) A social learning approach (vol 3): coercive family processes. Castalia Publishing Company, Eugene Patterson GR (1982) A social learning approach (vol 3): coercive family processes. Castalia Publishing Company, Eugene
32.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Bell RQ (1993) Developmental theories of parental contributors to antisocial behavior. J Abnorm Child Psychol 21:493–518 PubMedCrossRef Shaw DS, Bell RQ (1993) Developmental theories of parental contributors to antisocial behavior. J Abnorm Child Psychol 21:493–518 PubMedCrossRef
33.
go back to reference Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Connell A, Gardner F, Weaver C, Wilson M (2008) The family check-up with high-risk indigent families: preventing problem behavior by increasing parents’ positive behavior support in early childhood. Child Dev 79:1395–1414 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Connell A, Gardner F, Weaver C, Wilson M (2008) The family check-up with high-risk indigent families: preventing problem behavior by increasing parents’ positive behavior support in early childhood. Child Dev 79:1395–1414 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
34.
go back to reference Lunkenheimer ES, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Connell AM, Gardner F, Wilson MN et al (2008) Collateral benefits of the family check-up on early childhood school readiness: indirect effects of parents’ positive behavior support. Dev Psychol 44:1737–1752 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Lunkenheimer ES, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Connell AM, Gardner F, Wilson MN et al (2008) Collateral benefits of the family check-up on early childhood school readiness: indirect effects of parents’ positive behavior support. Dev Psychol 44:1737–1752 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
35.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Connell A, Dishion TJ, Wilson MN, Gardner F (2009) Improvements in maternal depression as a mediator of intervention effects on early childhood problem behavior. Dev Psychopathol 21:417–439 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Shaw DS, Connell A, Dishion TJ, Wilson MN, Gardner F (2009) Improvements in maternal depression as a mediator of intervention effects on early childhood problem behavior. Dev Psychopathol 21:417–439 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
36.
go back to reference Cheong J, MacKinnon DP, Khoo ST (2003) Investigation of meditational processes using parallel latent growth curve modeling. Struct Equ Model 10:238–262 CrossRef Cheong J, MacKinnon DP, Khoo ST (2003) Investigation of meditational processes using parallel latent growth curve modeling. Struct Equ Model 10:238–262 CrossRef
37.
go back to reference Pianta RC, Steinberg MS, Rollins KB (1995) The first two years of school: teacher–child relationships and deflections in children’s classroom adjustment. Dev Psychopathol 7:295–312 CrossRef Pianta RC, Steinberg MS, Rollins KB (1995) The first two years of school: teacher–child relationships and deflections in children’s classroom adjustment. Dev Psychopathol 7:295–312 CrossRef
38.
go back to reference Achenbach TM, Rescorla LA (2000) Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms and profiles. University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry, Burlington Achenbach TM, Rescorla LA (2000) Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms and profiles. University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry, Burlington
39.
go back to reference Muthén LK, Muthén B (1998) M-Plus user’s guide. Authors, Los Angeles Muthén LK, Muthén B (1998) M-Plus user’s guide. Authors, Los Angeles
40.
go back to reference Shrout PE, Bolger N (2002) Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations. Psychol Methods 7:422–445 PubMedCrossRef Shrout PE, Bolger N (2002) Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations. Psychol Methods 7:422–445 PubMedCrossRef
41.
go back to reference McBride BA, Mills G (1993) A comparison of mother and father involvement with their preschool age children. Early Child Res Q 8:457–477 CrossRef McBride BA, Mills G (1993) A comparison of mother and father involvement with their preschool age children. Early Child Res Q 8:457–477 CrossRef
42.
go back to reference Robinson JP, Godbey G (1997) Time for life: the surprising ways Americans use their time. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park Robinson JP, Godbey G (1997) Time for life: the surprising ways Americans use their time. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park
43.
go back to reference Robinson EA, Eyberg SM, Ross WA (1980) The standardization of an inventory of child conduct problem behaviors. J Clin Child Psychol 9:22–29 CrossRef Robinson EA, Eyberg SM, Ross WA (1980) The standardization of an inventory of child conduct problem behaviors. J Clin Child Psychol 9:22–29 CrossRef
44.
go back to reference Kendall PC, Cantwell DP, Kazdin AE (1989) Depression in children and adolescents: assessment issues and recommendations. Cogn Ther Res 13:109–146 CrossRef Kendall PC, Cantwell DP, Kazdin AE (1989) Depression in children and adolescents: assessment issues and recommendations. Cogn Ther Res 13:109–146 CrossRef
45.
go back to reference Fergusson DM, Lynskey MT, Horwood LJ (1993) The effect of maternal depression on maternal ratings of child behavior. J Abnor Child Psychol 21:245–269 CrossRef Fergusson DM, Lynskey MT, Horwood LJ (1993) The effect of maternal depression on maternal ratings of child behavior. J Abnor Child Psychol 21:245–269 CrossRef
46.
go back to reference Connell A, Bullock BM, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Wilson MN, Gardner F (2008) Family intervention effects on co-occurring early childhood behavioral and emotional problems: a latent transition analysis approach. J Abnor Child Psychol 36:1211–1225 CrossRef Connell A, Bullock BM, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS, Wilson MN, Gardner F (2008) Family intervention effects on co-occurring early childhood behavioral and emotional problems: a latent transition analysis approach. J Abnor Child Psychol 36:1211–1225 CrossRef
47.
go back to reference Shaw DS, Winslow EB, Flanagan C (1999) A prospective study of the effects of marital status and family relations on young children’s adjustment among African American and European American families. Child Dev 70:742–755 PubMedCrossRef Shaw DS, Winslow EB, Flanagan C (1999) A prospective study of the effects of marital status and family relations on young children’s adjustment among African American and European American families. Child Dev 70:742–755 PubMedCrossRef
48.
go back to reference Gerard JM, Krishnakumar A, Buehler C (2006) Marital conflict, parent–child relations, and youth maladjustment: a longitudinal investigation of spillover effects. J Fam Issues 27:951–975 CrossRef Gerard JM, Krishnakumar A, Buehler C (2006) Marital conflict, parent–child relations, and youth maladjustment: a longitudinal investigation of spillover effects. J Fam Issues 27:951–975 CrossRef
49.
go back to reference Grych JH, Fincham FD (1990) Marital conflict and children’s adjustment: a cognitive-contextual framework. Psychol Bull 108:267–290 PubMedCrossRef Grych JH, Fincham FD (1990) Marital conflict and children’s adjustment: a cognitive-contextual framework. Psychol Bull 108:267–290 PubMedCrossRef
50.
go back to reference Erel O, Burman B (1995) Interrelatedness of marital relations and parent–child relations: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull 118:108 PubMedCrossRef Erel O, Burman B (1995) Interrelatedness of marital relations and parent–child relations: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull 118:108 PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parent–Child Conflict and Early Childhood Adjustment in Two-Parent Low-Income Families: Parallel Developmental Processes
Auteurs
Chelsea M. Weaver
Daniel S. Shaw
Jennifer L. Crossan
Thomas J. Dishion
Melvin N. Wilson
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 1/2015
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0455-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2015

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2015 Naar de uitgave