Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Effects of ethnicity and neighborhood quality often are confounded in research on adolescent delinquent behavior. This study examined the pathways to delinquency among 2,277 African American and 5,973 European American youth residing in high-risk and low-risk neighborhoods. Using data from a national study of youth, a meditational model was tested in which parenting practices (parental control and maternal support) were hypothesized to influence adolescents’ participation in delinquent behavior through their affiliation with deviant peers. The relationships of family and neighborhood risk to parenting practices and deviant peer affiliation were also examined. Results of multi-group structural equation models provided support for the core meditational model in both ethnic groups, as well as evidence of a direct effect of maternal support on delinquency. When a similar model was tested within each ethnic group to compare youths residing in high-risk and low-risk neighborhoods, few neighborhood differences were found. The results indicate that, for both African American and European American youth, low parental control influences delinquency indirectly through its effect on deviant peer affiliation, whereas maternal support has both direct and indirect effects. However, the contextual factors influencing parenting practices and deviant peer affiliation appear to vary somewhat across ethnic groups. Overall the present study highlights the need to look at the joint influence of neighborhood context and ethnicity on adolescent problem behavior.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Brody, G. H., Ge, X., Conger, R. D., Gibbons, F. X., Murry, V. M., Gerrard, M., et al. (2001). The influence of neighborhood disadvantage, collective socialization, and parenting on African American children’s affiliation with deviant peers. Child Development,72, 1231–1246. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00344. PubMedCrossRef
Brofenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development. In T. Husten & T. N. Poslethewaite (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1643–1647). New York: Elsevier Science.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Youth risk behavior surveillance— United States, 2009. MMWR, 59 [No SS-5] Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Chantala, K., & Tabor, J. (1999). Strategies to perform a design-based analysis using the Add Health data. Chapel Hill: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Dodge, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., Malone, P. S., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2008). Testing an idealized dynamic cascade model of the development of serious violence in adolescence. Child Development, 79, 1907–1927. doi: 10.111/j.1467-8624.2008.01233.x.
Furstenberg, F. F., Cook, T. D., Eccles, J., Elder, G. H., & Sameroff, A. (Eds.). (1999). Managing to make it: Urban families and adolescent success. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goldstein, S. E., Davis-Kean, P. E., & Eccles, J. S. (2005). Parents, peers and problem behavior: A longitudinal investigation of the impact of relationship perceptions and characteristics on the development of adolescent problem behavior. Developmental Psychology,41, 401–413. doi: 10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.521. PubMedCrossRef
Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Gottfredson, D. C., McNeil, R. J., III, & Gottfredson, G. D. (1991). Social area influences on delinquency: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 28, 197–226. doi: 10.1177/0022427891028002005.
Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., Diaz, T., & Miller, N. L. (2000). Parenting practices as predictors of substance use, delinquency and aggression among urban minority youth: Moderating effects of family structure and gender. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,14, 174–184. doi: 10.1037//0893-164X.14.2.174. PubMedCrossRef
Hagan, J. (1989). Structural criminology. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Hay, C. (2001). Parenting, self-control and delinquency: A test of self-control theory. Criminology,39, 707–736. CrossRef
Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkley, CA: University of California Press.
Hoefer, S. M., & Hoffman, L. (2007). Statistical analysis with incomplete data: A developmental perspective. In T. D. Little, J. A. Boivard, & N. A. Card (Eds.), Modeling ecological and contextual effects in longitudinal studies of human development (pp. 13–32). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ingoldsby, E. M., Shaw, D. S., Winslow, E., Schonberg, M., Gilliom, M., & Criss, M. M. (2006). Neighborhood disadvantage, parent-child conflict, neighborhood peer relationships, and early antisocial behavior problem trajectories. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,34, 303–319. doi: 10.1007/s10802-006-9026-y. PubMed
Jarrett, R. L., Jefferson, S. R., & Kelley, J. N. (2010). Finding community in family: Neighborhood effects and African American kin networks. Journal of Comparative Family Studies,41, 299–328.
Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2010). HIV/AIDS: Risk & protective behaviors among American young adults, 2004–2008 (NIH Publication No. 10-7586). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practices of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford.
Lansford, J. E., Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (2004). Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,45, 801–812. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00273.x. PubMedCrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th Ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2009). Juvenile Arrests, 2008. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Oxford, M. L., Harachi, T. W., Catalano, R. F., & Abbott, R. D. (2000). Preadolescent predictors of substance initiation: A test of both the direct and mediated effect of family social control factors on deviant peer associations and substance initiation. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse,27, 599–616. CrossRef
Parke, R., & Buriel, R. (2006). Socialization in the family: Ethnic and ecological perspectives. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), The handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., Vol. 3, pp. 429–504). New York: Wiley.
Parker, J. S., & Benson, M. J. (2004). Parent-adolescent relations and adolescent functioning: Self-esteem, substance abuse, and delinquency. Adolescence,39, 519–530. PubMed
Sampson, R. J., & Wilson, W. J. (1995). Toward a theory of race, crime, and urban inequality. In J. Hagan & R. D. Peterson (Eds.), Crime and inequality (pp. 37–54). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Simons, R. L., Simons, L. G., Burt, C. H., Brody, G. H., & Cutrona, C. (2005). Collective efficacy, authoritative parenting and delinquency: A longitudinal test of a model integrating community and family-level processes. Criminology, 43, 989–1029. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2005.00031.x. CrossRef
Weaver, S. R., & Prelow, H. M. (2005). A mediated-moderation model of maternal parenting style, association with deviant peers, and problem behaviors in urban African American and European American adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies,14, 343–356. doi: 10.1007/s10826-005-6847-1. CrossRef
- Parent and Peer Pathways to Adolescent Delinquency: Variations by Ethnicity and Neighborhood Context
Arielle R. Deutsch
Lisa J. Crockett
Jennifer M. Wolff
Stephen T. Russell
- Springer US