Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10/2016

07-06-2016 | Empirical Research

Parent–Adolescent Conflict in African American Families

Auteurs: Olivenne D. Skinner, Susan M. McHale

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Parent–adolescent conflict is frequent in families and has implications for youth adjustment and family relationships. Drawing on a family systems perspective, we examined mothers’, fathers’, and two adolescent-aged siblings’ (50.5 % females) reports of parent–adolescent conflict in 187 African American families. Using latent profile analysis in the context of an ethnic homogeneous design, we identified three family types based on levels of and differences between parent and youth conflict reports: low conflict, father high conflict, and younger sibling high conflict. Compared to low conflict families, youth in younger sibling high conflict families reported more depressive symptoms and risky behaviors. The results for parents’ acceptance revealed that, in comparison to low conflict families, older siblings in father high conflict families reported lower acceptance from mothers, and mothers in these families reported lower acceptance of their children; further, older siblings in younger sibling high conflict families reported less acceptance from fathers, and fathers in these families reported less acceptance of their children. Results underscore the significance of levels of and both differences between and direction of differences in parents’ and youth’s reports of their “shared” experiences, as well as the importance of examining the larger family contexts of dyadic parent-relationships.
Literatuur
go back to reference Coll, C. G., Lamberty, G., Jenkins, R., McAdoo, H. P., Crnic, K., Wasik, B. H., & Garcia, H. V. (1996). An integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children. Child Development, 67, 1891–1914. doi: 10.​2307/​1131600. CrossRef Coll, C. G., Lamberty, G., Jenkins, R., McAdoo, H. P., Crnic, K., Wasik, B. H., & Garcia, H. V. (1996). An integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children. Child Development, 67, 1891–1914. doi: 10.​2307/​1131600. CrossRef
go back to reference De Los Reyes, A., Goodman, K. L., Kliewer, W., & Reid-Quinones, K. (2010). The longitudinal consistency of mother–child reporting discrepancies of parental monitoring and their ability to predict child delinquent behaviors two years later. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 1417–1430. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-009-9496-7. CrossRefPubMed De Los Reyes, A., Goodman, K. L., Kliewer, W., & Reid-Quinones, K. (2010). The longitudinal consistency of mother–child reporting discrepancies of parental monitoring and their ability to predict child delinquent behaviors two years later. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 1417–1430. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-009-9496-7. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference De Los Reyes, A., Ohannessian, C. M., & Laird, R. D. (2016). Developmental changes in discrepancies between adolescents’ and their mothers’ views of family communication. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 3(25), 790–797. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-015-0275-7. CrossRef De Los Reyes, A., Ohannessian, C. M., & Laird, R. D. (2016). Developmental changes in discrepancies between adolescents’ and their mothers’ views of family communication. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 3(25), 790–797. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-015-0275-7. CrossRef
go back to reference Eccles, J., & Barber, B. (1990). The risky behavior scale. Unpublished measure, The University of Michigan. Eccles, J., & Barber, B. (1990). The risky behavior scale. Unpublished measure, The University of Michigan.
go back to reference Ehrlich, K. B., Richards, J. M., Lejuez, C. W., & Cassidy, J. (2015). When parents and adolescents disagree about disagreeing: Observed parent–adolescent communication predicts informant discrepancies about conflict. Journal of Research on Adolescence,. doi: 10.​1111/​jora.​12197. Ehrlich, K. B., Richards, J. M., Lejuez, C. W., & Cassidy, J. (2015). When parents and adolescents disagree about disagreeing: Observed parent–adolescent communication predicts informant discrepancies about conflict. Journal of Research on Adolescence,. doi: 10.​1111/​jora.​12197.
go back to reference Feldman, S. S., Wentzel, K. R., & Gehring, T. M. (1989). A comparison of the views of mothers, fathers, and pre-adolescents about family cohesion and power. Journal of Family Psychology, 3, 39–60. doi: 10.​1037/​h0080523. CrossRef Feldman, S. S., Wentzel, K. R., & Gehring, T. M. (1989). A comparison of the views of mothers, fathers, and pre-adolescents about family cohesion and power. Journal of Family Psychology, 3, 39–60. doi: 10.​1037/​h0080523. CrossRef
go back to reference Gaylord, N. K., Kitzmann, K. M., & Coleman, J. K. (2003). Parents’ and children’s perceptions of parental behavior: Associations with children’s psychosocial adjustment in the classroom. Parenting: Science and Practice, 3(1), 23–47. doi: 10.​1207/​S15327922PAR0301​_​02. CrossRef Gaylord, N. K., Kitzmann, K. M., & Coleman, J. K. (2003). Parents’ and children’s perceptions of parental behavior: Associations with children’s psychosocial adjustment in the classroom. Parenting: Science and Practice, 3(1), 23–47. doi: 10.​1207/​S15327922PAR0301​_​02. CrossRef
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (2001). Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI): Technical manual. New York: Multi-Health Systems. Kovacs, M. (2001). Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI): Technical manual. New York: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Laursen, B., & Collins, A. W. (2009). Parent–adolescent relationships and influences. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 3–42)., Contextual influences on adolescent development Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Laursen, B., & Collins, A. W. (2009). Parent–adolescent relationships and influences. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 3–42)., Contextual influences on adolescent development Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Magnusson, D. (2003). The person approach: Concepts, measurement models, and research strategy. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2003(101), 3–23. doi: 10.​1002/​cd.​79. CrossRef Magnusson, D. (2003). The person approach: Concepts, measurement models, and research strategy. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2003(101), 3–23. doi: 10.​1002/​cd.​79. CrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. (1998). Changing demographics in the American population: Implications for research on minority children and adolescents. In V. C. McLoyd & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Studying minority adolescents: Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues (pp. 3–28). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. McLoyd, V. (1998). Changing demographics in the American population: Implications for research on minority children and adolescents. In V. C. McLoyd & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Studying minority adolescents: Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues (pp. 3–28). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Minuchin, P. (1985). Families and individual development: Provocations from the field of family therapy. Child Development, 56, 289–302. CrossRefPubMed Minuchin, P. (1985). Families and individual development: Provocations from the field of family therapy. Child Development, 56, 289–302. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2015). Mplus users’ guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2015). Mplus users’ guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Parke, R. D., & Buriel, R. (1998). Socialization in the family: Ethnic and ecological perspectives. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of Child Psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 463–552), Social, emotional, and personality development. New York, NY: Wiley. Parke, R. D., & Buriel, R. (1998). Socialization in the family: Ethnic and ecological perspectives. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of Child Psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 463–552), Social, emotional, and personality development. New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Schwarz, J. C., Barton-Henry, M. L., & Pruzinsky, T. (1985). Assessing child-rearing behavior: A comparison of ratings made by mother, father, child, and sibling on the CRPBI. Child Development, 56, 462–479. CrossRefPubMed Schwarz, J. C., Barton-Henry, M. L., & Pruzinsky, T. (1985). Assessing child-rearing behavior: A comparison of ratings made by mother, father, child, and sibling on the CRPBI. Child Development, 56, 462–479. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smetana, J. G. (1988). Adolescents’ and parents’ conceptions of parental authority. Child Development, 59, 321–335. CrossRefPubMed Smetana, J. G. (1988). Adolescents’ and parents’ conceptions of parental authority. Child Development, 59, 321–335. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smetana, J. G., Daddis, C., & Chuang, S. S. (2003). “Clean your room!” A longitudinal investigation of adolescent–parent conflict and conflict resolution in middle-class African American families. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18, 631–650. doi: 10.​1177/​0743558403254781​. CrossRef Smetana, J. G., Daddis, C., & Chuang, S. S. (2003). “Clean your room!” A longitudinal investigation of adolescent–parent conflict and conflict resolution in middle-class African American families. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18, 631–650. doi: 10.​1177/​0743558403254781​. CrossRef
go back to reference Stuart, J., & Jose, P. E. (2012). The influence of discrepancies between adolescent and parent ratings of family dynamics on the well-being of adolescents. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 858–868. doi: 10.​1037/​a0030056. CrossRefPubMed Stuart, J., & Jose, P. E. (2012). The influence of discrepancies between adolescent and parent ratings of family dynamics on the well-being of adolescents. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 858–868. doi: 10.​1037/​a0030056. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Treutler, C. M., & Epkins, C. C. (2003). Are discrepancies among child, mother, and father reports on children’s behavior related to parents’ psychological symptoms and aspects of parent–child relationships? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 13–27. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1021765114434. CrossRefPubMed Treutler, C. M., & Epkins, C. C. (2003). Are discrepancies among child, mother, and father reports on children’s behavior related to parents’ psychological symptoms and aspects of parent–child relationships? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 13–27. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1021765114434. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Weymouth, B. B., Buehler, C., Zhou, N., & Henson, R. A. (2016). A meta–analysis of parent–adolescent conflict: disagreement, hostility, and youth maladjustment. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 8, 95–112. doi: 10.​1111/​jftr.​12126. Weymouth, B. B., Buehler, C., Zhou, N., & Henson, R. A. (2016). A meta–analysis of parent–adolescent conflict: disagreement, hostility, and youth maladjustment. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 8, 95–112. doi: 10.​1111/​jftr.​12126.
Metagegevens
Titel
Parent–Adolescent Conflict in African American Families
Auteurs
Olivenne D. Skinner
Susan M. McHale
Publicatiedatum
07-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0514-2