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07-06-2016 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 10/2016

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10/2016

Parent–Adolescent Conflict in African American Families

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 10/2016
Auteurs:
Olivenne D. Skinner, Susan M. McHale

Abstract

Parent–adolescent conflict is frequent in families and has implications for youth adjustment and family relationships. Drawing on a family systems perspective, we examined mothers’, fathers’, and two adolescent-aged siblings’ (50.5 % females) reports of parent–adolescent conflict in 187 African American families. Using latent profile analysis in the context of an ethnic homogeneous design, we identified three family types based on levels of and differences between parent and youth conflict reports: low conflict, father high conflict, and younger sibling high conflict. Compared to low conflict families, youth in younger sibling high conflict families reported more depressive symptoms and risky behaviors. The results for parents’ acceptance revealed that, in comparison to low conflict families, older siblings in father high conflict families reported lower acceptance from mothers, and mothers in these families reported lower acceptance of their children; further, older siblings in younger sibling high conflict families reported less acceptance from fathers, and fathers in these families reported less acceptance of their children. Results underscore the significance of levels of and both differences between and direction of differences in parents’ and youth’s reports of their “shared” experiences, as well as the importance of examining the larger family contexts of dyadic parent-relationships.

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