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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2014

01-05-2014

Paralimbic Gray Matter Reductions in Incarcerated Adolescent Females with Psychopathic Traits

Auteurs: Lora M. Cope, Elsa Ermer, Prashanth K. Nyalakanti, Vince D. Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2014

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Abstract

Psychopathy-related paralimbic and limbic structural brain abnormalities have been implicated in incarcerated adult and adolescent male samples. However, there have been few neuroimaging studies of psychopathic traits in females in general and no studies from incarcerated female youth in particular. Here we present the first study to examine the relationship between brain gray matter volumes and psychopathic traits (assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-Youth Version [PCL-YV]) in a sample of maximum-security incarcerated female adolescents (N = 39; mean age = 17.6 years). Consistent with male samples, regional gray matter volumes were negatively related to psychopathic traits in female youth offenders in limbic and paralimbic areas, including orbitofrontal cortex, parahippocampal cortex, temporal poles, and left hippocampus. These results provide evidence that psychopathic traits manifest similar neural abnormalities across sex and age.
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1
This figure is based on two factors: a) The estimated cost of all crime in the United States in 1987 was $257 billion (Cohen et al. 1994), and b) Juveniles accounted for 22 % of all arrests in that year (Federal Bureau of Investigation 1996). Considering that the annual burden of crime in today’s dollars has been estimated at $1 trillion (Anderson 1999) and individuals under 18 accounted for over 14 % of all arrests in 2009 (Federal Bureau of Investigation 2010), $56.7 billion per year is undoubtedly an underestimate.
 
2
Note that including anxiety diagnosis in the analyses revealed more regions that were significantly negatively associated with psychopathic traits compared to the analyses without anxiety diagnosis.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Paralimbic Gray Matter Reductions in Incarcerated Adolescent Females with Psychopathic Traits
Auteurs
Lora M. Cope
Elsa Ermer
Prashanth K. Nyalakanti
Vince D. Calhoun
Kent A. Kiehl
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9810-4

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