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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 1/2024

16-08-2023

Oral health literacy and its association with oral health-related quality of life amongst pregnant women: a cross-sectional study

Auteurs: Gabriela de Araujo, Everton D. Rauber, Maiara C. Segatto, Sabrina C. Pacheco, Jessica K. Knorst, Bruno Emmanuelli

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 1/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to evaluate the association of oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of pregnant women.

Methods

This cross-sectional study evaluated a representative sample of pregnant women assisted in public health services in southern Brazil. Demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial and behavioural data were collected through structured questionnaires. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to evaluate the OHRQoL. The Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30) was used to measure OHL. Dental caries and gingival bleeding were evaluated by clinical examinations. Adjusted multilevel Poisson regression models with a hierarchical approach were used to assess the associations. The results are presented as rate ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).

Results

A total of 520 pregnant women were evaluated. Pregnant women with lower levels of OHL presented overall OHIP-14 scores 14% higher (RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.07–1.22) than their counterparts. High household income and high education level were related to low overall OHIP-14 scores. Furthermore, less dental attendance, low social support, untreated dental caries and gingival bleeding were also associated with high overall OHIP-14 scores.

Conclusion

Our findings reinforce that health literacy levels influence patient-reported outcomes. Pregnant women with lower OHL were more likely to present poorer OHRQoL.
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Oral health literacy and its association with oral health-related quality of life amongst pregnant women: a cross-sectional study
Auteurs
Gabriela de Araujo
Everton D. Rauber
Maiara C. Segatto
Sabrina C. Pacheco
Jessica K. Knorst
Bruno Emmanuelli
Publicatiedatum
16-08-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 1/2024
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-023-03502-1

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