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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2008

01-08-2008 | Original Paper

Oppositional Defiant Disorder as a Clinical Phenotype in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Kenneth D. Gadow, Carla J. DeVincent, Deborah A. G. Drabick

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2008

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Abstract

To examine the validity of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as a clinical phenotype distinct from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), parents and teachers completed a DSM-IV-referenced rating scale and a background questionnaire for 608 children (ages 3–12 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The ASD sample was separated into four groups: ODD, ADHD, ODD + ADHD, and neither (NONE). Comparison samples were non-ASD clinic (n = 326) and community (n > 800) controls. In the ASD sample, all three ODD/ADHD groups were clearly differentiated from the NONE group, and the ODD + ADHD group had the most severe co-occurring symptoms, medication use, and environmental disadvantage. There were few differences between ASD + ODD and ASD + ADHD groups. Findings for ASD and control samples were similar, supporting overlapping mechanisms in the pathogenesis of ODD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Oppositional Defiant Disorder as a Clinical Phenotype in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Kenneth D. Gadow
Carla J. DeVincent
Deborah A. G. Drabick
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2008
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0516-8