Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Self-presentation, a central element of young people’s identity development, now extends from face-to-face contexts to social networking sites. Online self-presentation may change when youth transition to college, faced with the need to reclaim or redefine themselves in the new environment. Drawing on theories of self-presentation and self development, this study explores changes in youth’s online self-presentation during their transition to a residential college. It also examines associations between online self-presentation and students’ self-esteem and self-concept clarity. We surveyed 218 college freshmen (M age = 18.07; 64 % female, 79 % White) at the beginning and again at the end of their first semester. Freshmen’s Facebook self-presentation became less restricted later in the semester. Broad, deep, positive, and authentic Facebook self-presentation was positively associated with perceived support from the audience, which contributed to higher self-esteem contemporaneously, though not longitudinally. Intentional Facebook self-presentation engaged students in self-reflection, which was related to lower self-concept clarity concurrently but higher self-esteem longitudinally. Findings clarified the paths from multifaceted online self-presentation to self development via interpersonal and intrapersonal processes during college transition.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Altman, I., & Taylor, D. A. (1973). Social penetration: The Development of Interpersonal Relationships. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Arnett, J. J. (2015). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (1986). Four selves, two motives, and a substitute process self-regulation model. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Public self and private self (pp. 63–74). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag. CrossRef
Chickering, A. W., & Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Cooley, C. H. (1902). Human nature and the social order. New York, NY: Charles Scriber’s Sons.
Côté, J. E., & Levine, C. G. (2002). Identity formation, agency, and culture: A social psychological synthesis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Derlega, V. J., & Chaikin, A. L. (1977). Privacy and self-disclosure in social relationships. Journal of Social Issues, 33(3), 102–115. CrossRef
Duggan, M., Ellison, N. B., Lampe, C., Lenhart, A., & Madden, M. (2015). Social media update 2014. Washington, D. C.: PEW Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2015/01/PI_SocialMediaUpdate20144.pdf
Erikson, E. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. Oxford, England: Norton & Co.
Gergen, K. J. (1991). The saturated self: Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Oxford, England: Doubleday.
Goffman, E. (1967). Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face interaction. Oxford, England: Aldine.
Harter, S. (1999). The construction of the self: A developmental perspective. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Harter, S. (2012). The construction of the self: Developmental and sociocultural foundations (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Kaplan, D. (2009). Structural equation modeling: Foundations and extensions (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.
Kim, J., & Dindia, K. (2011). Online self-disclosure: A review of research. In K. B. Wright & L. M. Webb (Eds.), Computer-mediated communication in personal relationships (pp. 156–180). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
Lee, C., Dickson, D. A., Conley, C. S., & Holmbeck, G. N. (2014). A closer look at self-esteem, perceived social support, and coping strategy: A prospective study of depressive symptomatology across the transition to college. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(6), 560–585. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2014.33.6.560. CrossRef
Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self, and society from the standpoint of a social behaviorist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (1983). Self-esteem: Change and stability between ages 13 and 23. Developmental Psychology, 19(2), 257–268. CrossRef
Rieger, S., Gollner, R., Trautwein, U., & Roberts, B. W. (2015). Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in the transition to young adulthood: A replication of Orth, Robins, and Roberts (2008). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000037.
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Salimkhan, G., Manago, A., & Greenfield, P. (2010). The construction of the virtual self on MySpace. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 4(1), article 1. Retrieved from: http://cyberpsychology.eu/view.php?cisloclanku=2010050203&article=1
Schlenker, B. R. (2003). Self-presentation. In M. R. Leary, J. P. Tangney, M. R. Leary, & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of self and identity (pp. 492–518). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Shain, L., & Farber, B. A. (1989). Female identity development and self-reflection in late adolescence. Adolescence, 24(94), 381–392. PubMed
Sherman, D. K., & Cohen, G. L. (2006). The psychology of self-defense: Self-affirmation theory. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 38, pp. 183–242). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Siibak, A. (2009). Constructing the self through the photo selection - Visual impression management on social networking websites. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 3(1), article 1. Retrieved from: http://cyberpsychology.eu/view.php?cisloclanku=2009061501&article=1
Steele, C. M. (1988). The psychology of self-affirmation: Sustaining the integrity of the self. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 21, pp. 261–302). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Toma, C., & Hancock, J. T. (2011). A new twist on love’s labor: Self-presentation in online dating profiles. In K. B. Wright & L. M. Webb (Eds.), Computer-mediated communication in personal relationships (pp. 41–55). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
Vanhalst, J., Luyckx, K., Scholte, R., Engels, R., & Goossens, L. (2013). Low self-esteem as a risk factor for loneliness in adolescence: Perceived-but not actual-social acceptance as an underlying mechanism. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 41, 1067–1081. doi: 10.1007/s10802-013-9751-y. PubMedCrossRef
Weber, S., & Mitchell, C. (2008). Imaging, keyboarding, and posting identities: Young people and new media technologies. In D. Buckingham (Ed.), Youth, identity, and digital media (pp. 25–47). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Yang, C.-c. (2015). It makes me feel good: A longitudinal, mixed-methods study on college freshmen’s Facebook self-presentation and self development (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Yang, C.-c., & Brown, B. B. (2014). Facebook audience feedback and college freshmen’s sense of self. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of Society for Research on Adolescence, Austin, TX.
Young, A. L., & Quan-Haase, A. (2009). Information revelation and Internet privacy concerns on social network sites: A case study of Facebook. Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Communities and Technologies (pp. 265–274). New York, NY: ACM Press.
Zwier, S., Araujo, T., Boukes, M., & Willemsen, L. (2011). Boundaries to the articulation of possible selves through social networking sites: The case of Facebook profilers’ social connectedness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14(10), 571–576. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0612. PubMedCrossRef
- Online Self-Presentation on Facebook and Self Development During the College Transition
B. Bradford Brown
- Springer US