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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 2/2021

11-09-2020 | Original Article

Online Intervention Reduces Hostile Attribution Bias, Anger, Aggressive Driving, and Cyber-Aggression, Results of Two Randomized Trials

Auteurs: Jeffrey M. Osgood, Sue E. Kase, Erin G. Zaroukian, Phillip J. Quartana

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 2/2021

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Abstract

Background

Anger and aggression often result from attributing hostile intent to the ambiguous actions of other people.

Methods

Two online double-blind parallel randomized pilot studies with healthy adult volunteers tested a novel online cognitive intervention called Hostile Bias Modification Training (HBMT). We hypothesized HBMT would reduce hostile attribution bias, anger, and aggression. In study one, 180 volunteers were randomized to one of three versions of HBMT (active, alternative, and placebo). In study two, 217 volunteers were randomized to either active or placebo HBMT and returned 24–96 h later to complete measures of hostile attribution bias, anger, and aggression.

Results

In study one, volunteers who completed active HBMT (vs. placebo) subsequently interpreted hypothetical vignettes as significantly less hostile (d = 0.64, p = .006) and reported significantly less imagined anger (d = 0.51, p = .006) and aggression (d = 0.73, p < .001). In study two, active HBMT (vs. placebo) was associated with reduced hostile attribution bias (\({\upeta }_{p}^{2}\) = .089, p < .001), less aggressive driving (\({\upeta }_{p}^{2}\) = .039, p = .027), and lower likelihood of cyber-aggression (OR 0.56, p = .004) 24–96 h after intervention.

Conclusions

These results suggest HBMT may be an easily implemented intervention to improve anger-related outcomes. No harms to volunteers were observed. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04015440 on July 11 2019.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Online Intervention Reduces Hostile Attribution Bias, Anger, Aggressive Driving, and Cyber-Aggression, Results of Two Randomized Trials
Auteurs
Jeffrey M. Osgood
Sue E. Kase
Erin G. Zaroukian
Phillip J. Quartana
Publicatiedatum
11-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10147-8

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