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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2014

01-05-2014 | Original Paper

Online Action Monitoring and Memory for Self-Performed Actions in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Catherine Grainger, David M. Williams, Sophie E. Lind

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2014

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Abstract

This study explored whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience difficulties with action monitoring. Two experimental tasks examined whether adults with ASD are able to monitor their own actions online, and whether they also show a typical enactment effects in memory (enhanced memory for actions they have performed compared to actions they have observed being performed). Individuals with ASD and comparison participants showed a similar pattern of performance on both tasks. In a task which required individuals to distinguish person-caused from computer-caused changes in phenomenology both groups found it easier to monitor their own actions compared to those of an experimenter. Both groups also showed typical enactment effects. Despite recent suggestions to the contrary, these results support suggestions that action monitoring is unimpaired in ASD.
Voetnoten
1
It should be highlighted that Zalla et al. (2010) used the nonparametric measures of A′ and B D to assess participants recognition discrimination. However, when A′ scores were calculated for recognition performance in this study, one sample t tests indicated that scores did not significantly differ from ceiling level accuracy (100 % discrimination accuracy) for enacted actions in both in the TD group, t (16) = 1.97, p = .06, and ASD group, t (16) = 1.87, p = .08. As such, to maximise the rigour of our statistical analysis, corrected hit rates were used as an alternative measure of recognition performance on the task.
 
2
The average VIQ for participants in the ASD group is not reported in Russell and Jarrold (1999). However, Russell and Jarrold (1999) reports the average VMA (7.13 years) and the average chronological age (CA; 13.23) for participants in the ASD group. These were used to estimate the average VIQ of the ASD group, using the formula VIQ = VMA/CA × 100.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Online Action Monitoring and Memory for Self-Performed Actions in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Catherine Grainger
David M. Williams
Sophie E. Lind
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1987-4

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