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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 6/2020

08-04-2020 | Empirical Research

On the Phone When We’re Hanging Out: Digital Social Multitasking (DSMT) and Its Socioemotional Implications

Auteurs: Chia-chen Yang, Kaia Christofferson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 6/2020

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Abstract

Multitasking on digital devices during social interactions has become increasingly common, but research on this behavior is far from thorough. Expanding on literature of phubbing and technoference, the authors proposed a theoretical framework, digital social multitasking, defined as performing technology-based multitasking during a social interaction, to study the behavior. This mixed-methods study focused on one type of digital social multitasking: phone use during a face-to-face interaction with a friend. Self-report survey data were collected from 222 college students (Mage = 19.87; 82% female; 45% Black or African American, 43% White or European American). Results showed that digital social multitasking mostly took place when the face-to-face interaction was casual, and the majority of the phone-based activities were shared between the participant and the friend. Participants did not hold a negative view of their own or friend’s digital social multitasking, but when they saw their own multitasking as distracting or friend’s multitasking as dismissive, they reported lower friendship quality and higher loneliness. The level of one’s own and friend’s multitasking did not directly associate with friendship quality and loneliness; they only indirectly associated with the well-being outcomes via negative perception of the behavior. Friend’s digital social multitasking had stronger associations with poor socioemotional well-being when the face-to-face interactions were serious in nature. Overall, the socioemotional implications of college emerging adults’ phone use during peer interactions did not seem as alarming as what many may have believed, and the implications were contingent upon the context of the behavior.
Voetnoten
1
It is clear that phubbing concerns negative perception of “partner’s” (rather than self’s) multitasking. Conceptually, technoference may involve negative perception of both partner’s and self’s multitasking, but it was not discussed and defined in the original theory. Given that the most commonly used measure of technoference focuses on partner’s technology use (McDaniel and Coyne 2016), and that the scholars who developed the theory saw technoference and phubbing as closely related constructs (e.g., McDaniel and Drouin 2019), the authors of this study regarded technoference as an example of negative perception of partner’s multitasking in the new framework.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
On the Phone When We’re Hanging Out: Digital Social Multitasking (DSMT) and Its Socioemotional Implications
Auteurs
Chia-chen Yang
Kaia Christofferson
Publicatiedatum
08-04-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01230-0

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