Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Traditional models of face perception (e.g. Bruce and Young 1986) stress independent routes for processing identity and emotional expression. We investigated the interplay between familiarity and emotional expression by systematically varying both factors. In contrast to earlier studies which used binary forced-choice decisions, participants had to judge the familiarity of the presented face and the emotional hedonic valence and emotional arousal of its expressed emotion (angry, happy or neutral), using rating scales. The results demonstrated symmetric, strong interactions between familiarity and expressed emotion. Thus, this study supports more recent models of face perception (Haxby et al. 2000) that were mostly based on brain imaging data. These data together with our behavioural results emphasize the interaction of emotional expression and personal identity and support approaches that propose a relative segregation of these processes, rather than completely independent coding (Calder and Young 2005).
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: the Self-Assessment Manikin and the Semantic Differential. Journal of Behavioural Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25, 49–59. CrossRef
Breen, N., Caine, D., & Coltheart, M. (2000). Models of face recognition and delusional misidentification: a critical review. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 17, 55–71. CrossRef
Bruce, V., & Young, A. (1986). Understanding face recognition. British Journal of Psychology, 77, 305–327. PubMed
Burton, A. M., Bruce, V., & Johnston, R. A. (1990). Understanding face recognition with an interactive activation model. British Journal of Psychology, 81 ,361–380. PubMed
Capgras, J. M. J., & Reboul-Lachaux, J. (1923). L’illusion des “sosies” dans un délire systematise chronique. Bulletin in Society and Clinical Medicine Mental, 11, 6–16.
Ekman, P., Friesen, W. V., (1976). Pictures of facial affect. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Ellis, H. D., & Young, A.W. (1990). Accounting for delusional misidentifications. British Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 239–248. PubMed
Ellis, H. D., & Lewis, M. B. (2001). Capgras delusion: a window on face recognition. Trends in Cognitive Science, 5, 149–156. CrossRef
Ellis, H. D., Young, A. W., Quayle, A. H., & De Pauw, K. W. (1997). Reduced autonomic responses to faces in Capgras delusion. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences, 264, 1085–1092. CrossRef
Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., & Gobbini, M. I. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face perception. Trends in Cognitive Science, 4, 223–233. CrossRef
Hirstein, W., & Ramachandran, V. S. (1997). Capgras’ syndrome: a novel probe for understanding the neural representation of the identity and familiarity of persons. Proceedings of the Royal society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences, 264, 437–444.
Klüver, H., & Bucy, P. S. (1938). An analysis of certain effects of bilateral temporal lobectomy in the rhesus monkey with special reference to ‘psychic blindness’. Journal of Psychology, 5, 33–54. CrossRef
Lander, K., Chuang, L., & Wickham, L. (2006). Recognizing face identity from natural and morphed smiles. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59, 801–808. CrossRef
Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (1997). Motivated attention: Affect, activation, and action. In P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, & M. Balaban (Eds.), Attention and emotion: sensory and motivational processes (pp. 97–135). Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Mandler, G. (1980). Recognizing: the judgment of previous occurrence. Psychological Review, 87, 252–271. CrossRef
Osgood, C. E., Suci, G. J., & Tannengaum, P. H. (1957). The Measurement of Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Pourtois, G., & Vuilleumier, P. (2006). Chapter 4 dynamics of emotional effects on spatial attention in the human visual cortex. Progress in Brain Research, 156, 67–91. PubMed
Russel, J. A. (1979). Affective space is bipolar. Journal of Personal and Social Psychology, 37, 345–356. CrossRef
Schwartz, C. E., Wright, C. I., Shin, L. M., Kagan, J., Wahlen, P. J., McMullin, K. G., et al. (2003). Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperament. Biological Psychiatry, 53, 854–862. PubMedCrossRef
Schweinberger, S. R., Burton, A. M., & Kelly, S. W. (1999). Asymmetric relationship between identity and emotion perception: experiments with morphed faces. Perception & Psychophysics, 61, 1102–1115.
Sergent, J., Ohta, S., MacDonald, B., & Zuck, E. (1994). Segregated processing of facial identity and emotion in the human brain: a PET-scan study. Visual Cognition, 1, 349–369. CrossRef
- On the interplay between familiarity and emotional expression in face perception
Stefan R. Schweinberger