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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2019

07-01-2019 | Original Paper

Not So Fast: Autistic traits and Anxious Apprehension in Real-World Visual Search Scenarios

Auteurs: N. C. C. Russell, S. G. Luke, R. A. Lundwall, M. South

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2019

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Abstract

Autistic individuals have shown superior performance in simple, albeit difficult, visual search tasks. We compared eye movements and behavioral markers across two visual search tasks based on real-world scenes in young adults. Context-aided search increased speed and accuracy for all groups. Autistic adults (n = 29) were on average consistently slower and less accurate than a non-anxious neurotypical comparison group (n = 48), but similar to neurotypical adults with elevated anxious apprehension (n = 26). Dimensional analyses suggest that autism traits, not anxious apprehension, are most associated with search efficiency of naturalistic stimuli suggesting that autistic individuals can effectively integrate contextual information to aid visual search, but that advantages in less visually complex tasks, reported in previous studies, may not transfer to situations involving real-world scenes.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Not So Fast: Autistic traits and Anxious Apprehension in Real-World Visual Search Scenarios
Auteurs
N. C. C. Russell
S. G. Luke
R. A. Lundwall
M. South
Publicatiedatum
07-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-03874-1