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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2021

24-07-2020 | Brief Report

(No) escape from reality? Cigarette craving in virtual smoking environments

Auteurs: Gert-Jan de Bruijn, Joost de Vries, Catherine Bolman, Reinout Wiers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2021

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Abstract

Cue-Exposure Therapy (CET) is considered an effective strategy to combat cigarette cravings and smoking relapses, but evidence is mixed. In this lab-based experimental study, we manipulated levels of realism for smoking scenarios in Virtual Environments (VE) and randomly exposed smokers and recent-quitters to one of two versions (low versus high realism) of these scenarios. Prior and after scenario exposure, valid measures of cigarette craving were obtained. Prior to exposure, we assessed nicotine dependence and smoking status (current smokers versus recent-quitter). Within-subject repeated measures analysis of covariance showed that there was an interaction of experimental condition with smoking status on cigarette craving. Amongst recent-quitters, high realistic scenarios produced stronger increases in craving than low realistic scenarios, but this effect was reversed in current smokers. It is concluded that VE technologies are a potentially relevant tool for smoking CET that warrant further exploration.
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Metagegevens
Titel
(No) escape from reality? Cigarette craving in virtual smoking environments
Auteurs
Gert-Jan de Bruijn
Joost de Vries
Catherine Bolman
Reinout Wiers
Publicatiedatum
24-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2021
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-020-00170-1