Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

02-06-2016 | Uitgave 2/2017

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2017

Neural Reactivity to Angry Faces Predicts Treatment Response in Pediatric Anxiety

Tijdschrift:
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology > Uitgave 2/2017
Auteurs:
Nora Bunford, Autumn Kujawa, Kate D. Fitzgerald, James E. Swain, Gregory L. Hanna, Elizabeth Koschmann, David Simpson, Sucheta Connolly, Christopher S. Monk, K. Luan Phan

Abstract

Although cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy are evidence-based treatments for pediatric anxiety, many youth with anxiety disorders fail to respond to these treatments. Given limitations of clinical measures in predicting treatment response, identifying neural predictors is timely. In this study, 35 anxious youth (ages 7–19 years) completed an emotional face-matching task during which the late positive potential (LPP), an event-related potential (ERP) component that indexes sustained attention towards emotional stimuli, was measured. Following the ERP measurement, youth received CBT or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment, and the LPP was examined as a predictor of treatment response. Findings indicated that, accounting for pre-treatment anxiety severity, neural reactivity to emotional faces predicted anxiety severity post- CBT and SSRI treatment such that enhanced electrocortical response to angry faces was associated with better treatment response. An enhanced LPP to angry faces may predict treatment response insofar as it may reflect greater emotion dysregulation or less avoidance and/or enhanced engagement with environmental stimuli in general, including with treatment.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2017

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2017 Naar de uitgave