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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2021

02-07-2021 | Original Paper

National Norms and Correlates of the PHQ-8 and GAD-7 in Parents of School-age Children

Auteurs: Stefanie L. Sequeira, Kayley E. Morrow, Jennifer S. Silk, David J. Kolko, Paul A. Pilkonis, Oliver Lindhiem

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2021

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Abstract

Anxiety and depressive disorders are global public health concerns, and research suggests that these disorders are common in parents and can adversely influence family functioning. However, little is known about normative levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms in parents of school-age children. The present study reports on generalized anxiety and depressive symptoms in 1570 parents and guardians of a nationally representative sample of children ages five to twelve years using two widely used and validated questionnaires: the eight-item variant of the Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-8) and the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7). Moderate to severe levels of generalized anxiety symptoms were reported in 12.7% of the total sample and moderate to severe levels of depressive symptoms were reported in 14.1% of the sample; 17.7% of the sample reported moderate to severe levels of either generalized anxiety or depressive symptoms. This percentage was higher for females, younger parents and guardians, and parents and guardians reporting lower household incomes. These data, collected online in early 2018, may be useful for researchers and clinicians studying and treating anxiety and depression in parents. Further, these data provide a baseline for researchers currently studying the impact of changes related to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (e.g., school closures) on the mental health of parents of school-age children.
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Metagegevens
Titel
National Norms and Correlates of the PHQ-8 and GAD-7 in Parents of School-age Children
Auteurs
Stefanie L. Sequeira
Kayley E. Morrow
Jennifer S. Silk
David J. Kolko
Paul A. Pilkonis
Oliver Lindhiem
Publicatiedatum
02-07-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02026-x