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07-08-2019 | Original Article | Uitgave 11/2019 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 11/2019

Myocardial infarction patients referred to the primary care physician after 1‑year treatment according to a guideline-based protocol have a good prognosis

Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 11/2019
M. C. Bodde, N. E. van Hattem, R. Abou, B. J. A. Mertens, H. J. van Duijn, M. E. Numans, J. J. Bax, M. J. Schalij, J. W. Jukema



Identifying ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who can be referred back to the general practitioner (GP) can improve patient-tailored care. However, the long-term prognosis of patients who are returned to the care of their GP is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the long-term prognosis of patients referred back to the GP after treatment in accordance with a 1-year institutional guideline-based protocol.


All consecutive patients treated between February 2004 up to May 2013 who completed the 1‑year institutional MISSION! Myocardial Infarction (MI) follow-up and who were referred to the GP were evaluated. After 1 year of protocolised monitoring, asymptomatic patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction >45% on echocardiography were referred to the GP. Long-term prognosis was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to identify independent predictors for 5‑year all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).


In total, 922 STEMI patients were included in this study. Mean age was 61.6 ± 11.7 years and 74.4% were male. Median follow-up duration after the 1‑year MISSION! MI follow-up was 4.55 years (interquartile range [IQR] 2.28–5.00). The event-free survival was 93.2%. After multivariable analysis, age, not using an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor/angiotensin-II (AT2) antagonist and impaired left ventricular function remained statistically significant predictors for 5‑year all-cause mortality. Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that 80.3% remained event-free for MACE after 5 years. Multivariable predictors for MACE were current smoking and a mitral regurgitation grade ≥2.


STEMI patients who are referred back to their GP have an excellent prognosis after being treated according to the 1‑year institutional MISSION! MI protocol.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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