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The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10865-016-9754-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
This study examined HIV risks in the multiplex crack-smoking and sexual networks of incarcerated drug-using men who have sex with men (MSM) and their associates. We estimated the associations between the network members’ incarceration, self-reported HIV infection, and trading sex for money. Our analytic sample consisted of 508 crack-smoking or sexual partnerships of 273 high-risk MSM. Network members were specified by (1) crack smoking and sexual behavior or (2) crack smoking only. Longer incarceration of the crack-smoking and sexual network members was associated with self-reported HIV infection (AOR = 1.61, p < 0.05), which extended up to one’s partners’ partners’ partners (AOR = 1.63, p < 0.05). Similar results were found for trading sex (AOR = 2.77, p < 0.05). The findings of the study call for the development of a system-level HIV intervention among former incarcerated MSM and their associates.
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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 34 kb)10865_2016_9754_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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- Multiplex crack smoking and sexual networks: associations between network members’ incarceration and HIV risks among high-risk MSM
Ju Yeong Kim
Michael W. Ross
Mark L. Williams
- Springer US