Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 3/2013

01-04-2013

Motor, Emotional, and Cognitive Empathy in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Conduct Disorder

Auteurs: Danielle Bons, Egon van den Broek, Floor Scheepers, Pierre Herpers, Nanda Rommelse, Jan K. Buitelaaar

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2013

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

It is unclear which aspects of empathy are shared and which are uniquely affected in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and conduct disorder (CD) as are the neurobiological correlates of these empathy impairments. The aim of this systematic review is to describe the overlap and specificity of motor, emotional, and cognitive aspects of empathy in children and adolescents with ASD or CD. Motor and cognitive empathy impairments are found in both ASD and CD, yet the specificity seems to differ. In ASD facial mimicry and emotion recognition may be impaired for all basic emotions, whereas in CD this is only the case for negative emotions. Emotional empathy and the role of attention to the eyes therein need further investigation. We hypothesize that impaired motor and cognitive empathy in both disorders are a consequence of lack of attention to the eyes. However, we hypothesize major differences in emotional empathy deficits between ASD and CD, probably due to emotional autonomic and amygdala hyper-responsivity in ASD versus hypo-responsivity in CD, both resulting in lack of attention to the eyes.
Literatuur
go back to reference Adolphs, R., & Spezio, M. (2007). The neural basis of affective and social behavior. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 540–554). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Adolphs, R., & Spezio, M. (2007). The neural basis of affective and social behavior. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 540–554). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Akechi, H., Senju, A., Kikuchi, Y., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2009). Does gaze direction modulate facial expression processing in children with autism spectrum disorder? Child Development, 80, 1134–1146. PubMedCrossRef Akechi, H., Senju, A., Kikuchi, Y., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2009). Does gaze direction modulate facial expression processing in children with autism spectrum disorder? Child Development, 80, 1134–1146. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Amaral, D. G., Bauman, M. D., & Schumann, C. M. (2003). The amygdala and autism: implications from non-human primate studies. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 2, 295–302. Amaral, D. G., Bauman, M. D., & Schumann, C. M. (2003). The amygdala and autism: implications from non-human primate studies. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 2, 295–302.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X., & Warden, D. (2008). Physiologically-indexed and self-perceived affective empathy in conduct-disordered children high and low on callous-unemotional traits. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 503–517. PubMedCrossRef Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X., & Warden, D. (2008). Physiologically-indexed and self-perceived affective empathy in conduct-disordered children high and low on callous-unemotional traits. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 503–517. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Andari, E., Duhamel, J. R., Zalla, T., Herbrecht, E., Leboyer, M., & Sirigu, A. (2010). Promoting social behavior with oxytocin in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 107, 4389–4394. CrossRef Andari, E., Duhamel, J. R., Zalla, T., Herbrecht, E., Leboyer, M., & Sirigu, A. (2010). Promoting social behavior with oxytocin in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 107, 4389–4394. CrossRef
go back to reference Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Kevander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non‐referred youths: Initial test of a new assessment tool. In E.Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths - Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). Den Haag, The Netherlands: Elsevier. Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Kevander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non‐referred youths: Initial test of a new assessment tool. In E.Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths - Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). Den Haag, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
go back to reference Bal, E., Harden, E., Lamb, D., Van Hecke, A. V., Denver, J. W., & Porges, S. W. (2010). Emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: relations to eye gaze and autonomic state. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 358–370. PubMedCrossRef Bal, E., Harden, E., Lamb, D., Van Hecke, A. V., Denver, J. W., & Porges, S. W. (2010). Emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: relations to eye gaze and autonomic state. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 358–370. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Hill, J., Raste, Y., & Plumb, I. (2001). The “reading the mind in the eyes” test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 42, 241–251. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Hill, J., Raste, Y., & Plumb, I. (2001). The “reading the mind in the eyes” test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 42, 241–251. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Golan, O., & Ashwin, E. (2009). Can emotion recognition be taught to children with autism spectrum conditions? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3567–3574. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Golan, O., & Ashwin, E. (2009). Can emotion recognition be taught to children with autism spectrum conditions? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3567–3574. CrossRef
go back to reference Bartz, J. A., & Hollander, E. (2008). Oxytocin and experimental therapeutics in autism spectrum disorders. Progress in Brain Research, 170, 451–462. PubMedCrossRef Bartz, J. A., & Hollander, E. (2008). Oxytocin and experimental therapeutics in autism spectrum disorders. Progress in Brain Research, 170, 451–462. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Batty, M., Meaux, E., Wittemeyer, K., Rogé, B., & Taylor, M. J. (2011). Early processing of emotional faces in children with autism: an event-related potential study. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109, 430–444. PubMedCrossRef Batty, M., Meaux, E., Wittemeyer, K., Rogé, B., & Taylor, M. J. (2011). Early processing of emotional faces in children with autism: an event-related potential study. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109, 430–444. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beall, P. M., Moody, E. J., McIntosh, D. N., Hepburn, S. L., & Reed, C. L. (2008). Rapid facial reactions to emotional facial expressions in typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 101, 206–223. PubMedCrossRef Beall, P. M., Moody, E. J., McIntosh, D. N., Hepburn, S. L., & Reed, C. L. (2008). Rapid facial reactions to emotional facial expressions in typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 101, 206–223. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berntson, G., Quigley, K., & Lozano, D. (2007). Cardiovascular psychophysiology. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press. Berntson, G., Quigley, K., & Lozano, D. (2007). Cardiovascular psychophysiology. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Bird, G., Silani, G., Brindley, R., White, S., Frith, U., & Singer, T. (2010). Empathic brain responses in insula are modulated by levels of alexithymia but not autism. Brain, 133, 1515–1525. PubMedCrossRef Bird, G., Silani, G., Brindley, R., White, S., Frith, U., & Singer, T. (2010). Empathic brain responses in insula are modulated by levels of alexithymia but not autism. Brain, 133, 1515–1525. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Blair, R. J. R. (2005). Responding to the emotions of others: dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations. Consciousness and Cognition, 14, 698–718. PubMedCrossRef Blair, R. J. R. (2005). Responding to the emotions of others: dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations. Consciousness and Cognition, 14, 698–718. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bölte, S., & Poustka, F. (2003). The recognition of facial affect in autistic and schizophrenic subjects and their first-degree relatives. Psychological Medicine, 33, 907–915. PubMedCrossRef Bölte, S., & Poustka, F. (2003). The recognition of facial affect in autistic and schizophrenic subjects and their first-degree relatives. Psychological Medicine, 33, 907–915. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bölte, S., Hubl, D., Feineis-Matthews, S., Prvulovic, D., Dierks, T., & Poustka, F. (2006). Facial affect recognition training in autism: can we animate the fusiform gyrus? Behavioral Neuroscience, 120, 211–216. PubMedCrossRef Bölte, S., Hubl, D., Feineis-Matthews, S., Prvulovic, D., Dierks, T., & Poustka, F. (2006). Facial affect recognition training in autism: can we animate the fusiform gyrus? Behavioral Neuroscience, 120, 211–216. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Boucher, J. (2012). Putting theory of mind in its place: psychological explanations of the socio-emotional-communicative impairments in autistic spectrum disorder. Autism, 16, 226–246. PubMedCrossRef Boucher, J. (2012). Putting theory of mind in its place: psychological explanations of the socio-emotional-communicative impairments in autistic spectrum disorder. Autism, 16, 226–246. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (2007). Emotion and motivation. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (2007). Emotion and motivation. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Buitelaar, J. K., van der Wees, M., Swaab-Barneveld, H., & Van der Gaag, R. (1999). Theory of mind and emotion-recognition functioning in autistic spectrum disorders and in psychiatric control and normal children. Developmental Psychopathology, 11, 39–58. CrossRef Buitelaar, J. K., van der Wees, M., Swaab-Barneveld, H., & Van der Gaag, R. (1999). Theory of mind and emotion-recognition functioning in autistic spectrum disorders and in psychiatric control and normal children. Developmental Psychopathology, 11, 39–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Carr, L., Iacoboni, M., Dubeau, M. C., Mazziotta, J. C., & Lenzi, G. L. (2003). Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: a relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 100, 5497–5502. CrossRef Carr, L., Iacoboni, M., Dubeau, M. C., Mazziotta, J. C., & Lenzi, G. L. (2003). Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: a relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 100, 5497–5502. CrossRef
go back to reference Carter, C., Harris, J., & Porges, S. W. (2009). Neural and evolutionary perspectives on empathy. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 169–182). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Carter, C., Harris, J., & Porges, S. W. (2009). Neural and evolutionary perspectives on empathy. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 169–182). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
go back to reference Castelli, F. (2005). Understanding emotions from standardized facial expressions in autism and normal development. Autism, 9, 428–449. PubMedCrossRef Castelli, F. (2005). Understanding emotions from standardized facial expressions in autism and normal development. Autism, 9, 428–449. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crowe, S. L., & Blair, R. J. R. (2008). The development of antisocial behavior: what can we learn from functional neuroimaging studies? Developmental Psychopathology, 20, 1145–1159. CrossRef Crowe, S. L., & Blair, R. J. R. (2008). The development of antisocial behavior: what can we learn from functional neuroimaging studies? Developmental Psychopathology, 20, 1145–1159. CrossRef
go back to reference Dadds, M. R., & Rhodes, T. (2008). Aggression in young children with concurrent callous-unemotional traits: can the neurosciences inform progress and innovation in treatment approaches? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363, 2567–2576. CrossRef Dadds, M. R., & Rhodes, T. (2008). Aggression in young children with concurrent callous-unemotional traits: can the neurosciences inform progress and innovation in treatment approaches? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363, 2567–2576. CrossRef
go back to reference Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 519–526. PubMed Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 519–526. PubMed
go back to reference Dawson, M., Schell, A., & Fillion, D. (2007). The electrodermal system. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press. Dawson, M., Schell, A., & Fillion, D. (2007). The electrodermal system. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Zaalberg, R., Goudena, P. P., & Matthys, W. (2006). Facial EMG responses to dynamic emotional facial expressions in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 40, 112–121. PubMedCrossRef De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Zaalberg, R., Goudena, P. P., & Matthys, W. (2006). Facial EMG responses to dynamic emotional facial expressions in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 40, 112–121. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Posthumus, J. A., Goudena, P. P., & Matthys, W. (2009). Facial EMG and heart rate responses to emotion-inducing film clips in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Psychophysiology, 46, 996–1004. PubMedCrossRef De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Posthumus, J. A., Goudena, P. P., & Matthys, W. (2009). Facial EMG and heart rate responses to emotion-inducing film clips in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Psychophysiology, 46, 996–1004. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Matthys, W., & Meeus, W. (2012). Verbal, facial and autonomic responses to empathy-eliciting film clips by disruptive male adolescents with high versus low callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 211–223. PubMedCrossRef De Wied, M., Van Boxtel, A., Matthys, W., & Meeus, W. (2012). Verbal, facial and autonomic responses to empathy-eliciting film clips by disruptive male adolescents with high versus low callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 211–223. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference De Wit, T. C. J., Falck-Ytter, T., & Von Hofsten, C. (2008). Young children with autism spectrum disorder look differently at positive versus negative emotional faces. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 651–659. CrossRef De Wit, T. C. J., Falck-Ytter, T., & Von Hofsten, C. (2008). Young children with autism spectrum disorder look differently at positive versus negative emotional faces. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 651–659. CrossRef
go back to reference Decety, J., & Moriguchi, Y. (2007). The empathic brain and its dysfunction in psychiatric populations: implications for intervention across different clinical conditions. Biopsychosocial Medicine, 1, 22. PubMedCrossRef Decety, J., & Moriguchi, Y. (2007). The empathic brain and its dysfunction in psychiatric populations: implications for intervention across different clinical conditions. Biopsychosocial Medicine, 1, 22. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Di Simplicio, M., Massey-Chase, R., Cowen, P. J., & Harmer, C. J. (2009). Oxytocin enhances processing of positive versus negative emotional information in healthy male volunteers. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 23, 241–248. PubMedCrossRef Di Simplicio, M., Massey-Chase, R., Cowen, P. J., & Harmer, C. J. (2009). Oxytocin enhances processing of positive versus negative emotional information in healthy male volunteers. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 23, 241–248. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dimberg, U., Thunberg, M., & Elmehed, K. (2000). Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Psychological Science, 11, 86–89. PubMedCrossRef Dimberg, U., Thunberg, M., & Elmehed, K. (2000). Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Psychological Science, 11, 86–89. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Domes, G., Heinrichs, M., Glascher, J., Buchel, C., Braus, D. F., & Herpertz, S. C. (2007). Oxytocin attenuates amygdala responses to emotional faces regardless of valence. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 1187–1190. PubMedCrossRef Domes, G., Heinrichs, M., Glascher, J., Buchel, C., Braus, D. F., & Herpertz, S. C. (2007). Oxytocin attenuates amygdala responses to emotional faces regardless of valence. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 1187–1190. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Domes, G., Heinrichs, M., Michel, A., Berger, C., & Herpertz, S. C. (2007). Oxytocin improves “mind-reading” in humans. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 731–733. PubMedCrossRef Domes, G., Heinrichs, M., Michel, A., Berger, C., & Herpertz, S. C. (2007). Oxytocin improves “mind-reading” in humans. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 731–733. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Donno, R., Parker, G., Gilmour, J., & Skuse, D. H. (2010). Social communication deficits in disruptive primary-school children. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 196, 282–289. PubMedCrossRef Donno, R., Parker, G., Gilmour, J., & Skuse, D. H. (2010). Social communication deficits in disruptive primary-school children. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 196, 282–289. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Downs, A., & Smith, T. (2004). Emotional understanding, cooperation, and social behavior in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 625–635. PubMedCrossRef Downs, A., & Smith, T. (2004). Emotional understanding, cooperation, and social behavior in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 625–635. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Duchowski, A. (2007). Eye tracking methodology (2nd ed.). London: Springer-Verlag London Limited. Duchowski, A. (2007). Eye tracking methodology (2nd ed.). London: Springer-Verlag London Limited.
go back to reference Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1976). Pictures of facial effect. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1976). Pictures of facial effect. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. (1978). Facial action coding system: a technique for the measurement of facial movement. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. (1978). Facial action coding system: a technique for the measurement of facial movement. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Fairchild, G., Van Goozen, S. H., Calder, A. J., Stollery, S. J., & Goodyer, I. M. (2009). Deficits in facial expression recognition in male adolescents with early-onset or adolescence-onset conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 627–636. PubMedCrossRef Fairchild, G., Van Goozen, S. H., Calder, A. J., Stollery, S. J., & Goodyer, I. M. (2009). Deficits in facial expression recognition in male adolescents with early-onset or adolescence-onset conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 627–636. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fairchild, G., Stobbe, Y., van Goozen, S. H. M., Calder, A. J., & Goodyer, I. M. (2010). Facial expression recognition, fear conditioning, and startle modulation in female subjects with conduct disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 272–279. PubMedCrossRef Fairchild, G., Stobbe, Y., van Goozen, S. H. M., Calder, A. J., & Goodyer, I. M. (2010). Facial expression recognition, fear conditioning, and startle modulation in female subjects with conduct disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 272–279. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fecteau, S., Pascual-Leone, A., & Théoret, H. (2008). Psychopathy and the mirror neuron system: preliminary findings from a non-psychiatric sample. Psychiatry Research, 160, 137–144. PubMedCrossRef Fecteau, S., Pascual-Leone, A., & Théoret, H. (2008). Psychopathy and the mirror neuron system: preliminary findings from a non-psychiatric sample. Psychiatry Research, 160, 137–144. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Frith, C. (2009). Role of facial expressions in social interactions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3453–3458. CrossRef Frith, C. (2009). Role of facial expressions in social interactions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3453–3458. CrossRef
go back to reference Gamer, M., & Buchel, C. (2009). Amygdala activation predicts gaze toward fearful eyes. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 9123–9126. PubMedCrossRef Gamer, M., & Buchel, C. (2009). Amygdala activation predicts gaze toward fearful eyes. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 9123–9126. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Greimel, E., Schulte-Ruther, M., Kircher, T., Kamp-Becker, I., Remschmidt, H., Fink, G. R., et al. (2010). Neural mechanisms of empathy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and their fathers. NeuroImage, 49, 1055–1065. PubMedCrossRef Greimel, E., Schulte-Ruther, M., Kircher, T., Kamp-Becker, I., Remschmidt, H., Fink, G. R., et al. (2010). Neural mechanisms of empathy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and their fathers. NeuroImage, 49, 1055–1065. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grossman, J., Klin, A., Carter, A., & Volkmar, F. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 369–379. PubMedCrossRef Grossman, J., Klin, A., Carter, A., & Volkmar, F. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 369–379. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Guastella, A. J., Mitchell, P. B., & Dadds, M. R. (2008). Oxytocin increases gaze to the eye region of human faces. Biological Psychiatry, 63, 3–5. PubMedCrossRef Guastella, A. J., Mitchell, P. B., & Dadds, M. R. (2008). Oxytocin increases gaze to the eye region of human faces. Biological Psychiatry, 63, 3–5. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Guastella, A. J., Einfeld, S. L., Gray, K. M., Rinehart, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Lambert, T. J., et al. (2010). Intranasal oxytocin improves emotion recognition for youth with autism spectrum disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 67, 692–694. PubMedCrossRef Guastella, A. J., Einfeld, S. L., Gray, K. M., Rinehart, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Lambert, T. J., et al. (2010). Intranasal oxytocin improves emotion recognition for youth with autism spectrum disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 67, 692–694. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ha, C., Sharp, C., & Goodyer, I. (2011). The role of child and parental mentalizing for the development of conduct problems over time. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 20, 291–300. CrossRef Ha, C., Sharp, C., & Goodyer, I. (2011). The role of child and parental mentalizing for the development of conduct problems over time. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 20, 291–300. CrossRef
go back to reference Harms, M. B., Martin, A., & Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychological Review, 20, 290–322. CrossRef Harms, M. B., Martin, A., & Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychological Review, 20, 290–322. CrossRef
go back to reference Heinrichs, M., & Domes, G. (2008). Neuropeptides and social behaviour: effects of oxytocin and vasopressin in humans. Progress in Brain Research, 170, 337–350. PubMedCrossRef Heinrichs, M., & Domes, G. (2008). Neuropeptides and social behaviour: effects of oxytocin and vasopressin in humans. Progress in Brain Research, 170, 337–350. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heinrichs, M., von Dawans, B., & Domes, G. (2009). Oxytocin, vasopressin, and human social behavior. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 30, 548–557. PubMedCrossRef Heinrichs, M., von Dawans, B., & Domes, G. (2009). Oxytocin, vasopressin, and human social behavior. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 30, 548–557. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Herpers, P. C., Rommelse, N. N., Bons, D. M., Buitelaar, J. K., & Scheepers, F. E. (2012). Callous-unemotional traits as a cross-disorders construct. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2012 May 9. doi: 10.​1007/​s00127-012-0513-x. Herpers, P. C., Rommelse, N. N., Bons, D. M., Buitelaar, J. K., & Scheepers, F. E. (2012). Callous-unemotional traits as a cross-disorders construct. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2012 May 9. doi: 10.​1007/​s00127-012-0513-x.
go back to reference Hubert, B. E., Wicker, B., Monfardini, E., & Deruelle, C. (2009). Electrodermal reactivity to emotion processing in adults with autistic spectrum disorders. Autism, 13, 9–19. PubMedCrossRef Hubert, B. E., Wicker, B., Monfardini, E., & Deruelle, C. (2009). Electrodermal reactivity to emotion processing in adults with autistic spectrum disorders. Autism, 13, 9–19. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Iacoboni, M., & Dapretto, M. (2006). The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 942–951. PubMedCrossRef Iacoboni, M., & Dapretto, M. (2006). The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 942–951. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Itier, R. J., & Batty, M. (2009). Neural bases of eye and gaze processing: the core of social cognition. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 843–863. PubMedCrossRef Itier, R. J., & Batty, M. (2009). Neural bases of eye and gaze processing: the core of social cognition. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 843–863. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jones, A. P., Happe, F. G., Gilbert, F., Burnett, S., & Viding, E. (2010). Feeling, caring, knowing: different types of empathy deficit in boys with psychopathic tendencies and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 1188–1197. PubMedCrossRef Jones, A. P., Happe, F. G., Gilbert, F., Burnett, S., & Viding, E. (2010). Feeling, caring, knowing: different types of empathy deficit in boys with psychopathic tendencies and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 1188–1197. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jones, C. R., Pickles, A., Falcaro, M., Marsden, A. J., Happe, F., Scott, S. K., et al. (2011). A multimodal approach to emotion recognition ability in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 275–285. PubMedCrossRef Jones, C. R., Pickles, A., Falcaro, M., Marsden, A. J., Happe, F., Scott, S. K., et al. (2011). A multimodal approach to emotion recognition ability in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 275–285. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Karatekin, C. (2007). Eye tracking studies of normative and atypical development. Developmental Review, 27, 283–348. CrossRef Karatekin, C. (2007). Eye tracking studies of normative and atypical development. Developmental Review, 27, 283–348. CrossRef
go back to reference Kilts, C. D., Egan, G., Gideon, D. A., Ely, T. D., & Hoffman, J. M. (2003). Dissociable neural pathways are involved in the recognition of emotion in static and dynamic facial expressions. NeuroImage, 18, 156–168. PubMedCrossRef Kilts, C. D., Egan, G., Gideon, D. A., Ely, T. D., & Hoffman, J. M. (2003). Dissociable neural pathways are involved in the recognition of emotion in static and dynamic facial expressions. NeuroImage, 18, 156–168. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kirsch, P., Esslinger, C., Chen, Q., Mier, D., Lis, S., Siddhanti, S., et al. (2005). Oxytocin modulates neural circuitry for social cognition and fear in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 11489–11493. PubMedCrossRef Kirsch, P., Esslinger, C., Chen, Q., Mier, D., Lis, S., Siddhanti, S., et al. (2005). Oxytocin modulates neural circuitry for social cognition and fear in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 11489–11493. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kleinhans, N. M., Richards, T., Weaver, K., Johnson, L. C., Greenson, J., Dawson, G., et al. (2010). Association between amygdala response to emotional faces and social anxiety in autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3665–3670. PubMedCrossRef Kleinhans, N. M., Richards, T., Weaver, K., Johnson, L. C., Greenson, J., Dawson, G., et al. (2010). Association between amygdala response to emotional faces and social anxiety in autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3665–3670. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kliemann, D., Dziobek, I., Hatri, A., Steimke, R., & Heekeren, H. R. (2010). Atypical reflexive gaze patterns on emotional faces in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 12281–12287. PubMedCrossRef Kliemann, D., Dziobek, I., Hatri, A., Steimke, R., & Heekeren, H. R. (2010). Atypical reflexive gaze patterns on emotional faces in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 12281–12287. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 809–816. PubMedCrossRef Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 809–816. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Knafo, A., Zahn-Waxler, C., Davidov, M., Van Hulle, C., Robinson, J. L., & Rhee, S. H. (2009). Empathy in early childhood: genetic, environmental, and affective contributions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1167, 103–114. PubMedCrossRef Knafo, A., Zahn-Waxler, C., Davidov, M., Van Hulle, C., Robinson, J. L., & Rhee, S. H. (2009). Empathy in early childhood: genetic, environmental, and affective contributions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1167, 103–114. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Krebs, J. F., Biswas, A., Pascalis, O., Kamp-Becker, I., Remschmidt, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Face processing in children with autism spectrum disorder: independent or interactive processing of facial identity and facial expression? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 796–804. PubMedCrossRef Krebs, J. F., Biswas, A., Pascalis, O., Kamp-Becker, I., Remschmidt, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Face processing in children with autism spectrum disorder: independent or interactive processing of facial identity and facial expression? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 796–804. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kuusikko, S., Haapsamo, H., Jansson-Verkasalo, E., Hurtig, T., Mattila, M. L., Ebeling, H., et al. (2009). Emotion recognition in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 938–945. PubMedCrossRef Kuusikko, S., Haapsamo, H., Jansson-Verkasalo, E., Hurtig, T., Mattila, M. L., Ebeling, H., et al. (2009). Emotion recognition in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 938–945. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2008). International affective picture system (IAPS): affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Gainesville: University of Florida. Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2008). International affective picture system (IAPS): affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Gainesville: University of Florida.
go back to reference Law Smith, M. J., Montagne, B., Perrett, D. I., Gill, M., & Gallagher, L. (2010). Detecting subtle facial emotion recognition deficits in high-functioning autism using dynamic stimuli of varying intensities. Neuropsychologia, 48, 2777–2781. PubMedCrossRef Law Smith, M. J., Montagne, B., Perrett, D. I., Gill, M., & Gallagher, L. (2010). Detecting subtle facial emotion recognition deficits in high-functioning autism using dynamic stimuli of varying intensities. Neuropsychologia, 48, 2777–2781. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Levenson, R. W., Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1990). Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Psychophysiology, 27, 363–384. PubMedCrossRef Levenson, R. W., Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1990). Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Psychophysiology, 27, 363–384. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Liew, J., Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S. H., Fabes, R. A., Guthrie, I. K., & Murphy, B. C. (2003). Children’s physiological indices of empathy and their socioemotional adjustment: does caregivers’ expressivity matter? Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 584–597. PubMedCrossRef Liew, J., Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S. H., Fabes, R. A., Guthrie, I. K., & Murphy, B. C. (2003). Children’s physiological indices of empathy and their socioemotional adjustment: does caregivers’ expressivity matter? Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 584–597. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lindner, J. L., & Rosen, L. A. (2006). Decoding of emotion through facial expression, prosody and verbal content in children and adolescents with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 769–777. PubMedCrossRef Lindner, J. L., & Rosen, L. A. (2006). Decoding of emotion through facial expression, prosody and verbal content in children and adolescents with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 769–777. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lorber, M. F. (2004). Psychophysiology of aggression, psychopathy, and conduct problems: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 531–552. PubMedCrossRef Lorber, M. F. (2004). Psychophysiology of aggression, psychopathy, and conduct problems: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 531–552. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Loveland, K. A., Tunali-Kotoski, B., Chen, Y. R., Ortegon, J., Pearson, D. A., Brelsford, K. A., et al. (1997). Emotion recognition in autism: verbal and nonverbal information. Developmental Psychopathology, 9, 579–593. CrossRef Loveland, K. A., Tunali-Kotoski, B., Chen, Y. R., Ortegon, J., Pearson, D. A., Brelsford, K. A., et al. (1997). Emotion recognition in autism: verbal and nonverbal information. Developmental Psychopathology, 9, 579–593. CrossRef
go back to reference Lundqvist, D., Flykt, A., & Öhman, A. (1998). The Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces—KDEF [CD-ROM]. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology section, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Lundqvist, D., Flykt, A., & Öhman, A. (1998). The Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces—KDEF [CD-ROM]. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology section, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
go back to reference Marsh, A. A., & Blair, R. J. (2008). Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32, 454–465. Marsh, A. A., & Blair, R. J. (2008). Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32, 454–465.
go back to reference Marsh, P., Beauchaine, T. P., & Williams, B. (2008). Dissociation of sad facial expressions and autonomic nervous system responding in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Psychophysiology, 45, 100–110. PubMed Marsh, P., Beauchaine, T. P., & Williams, B. (2008). Dissociation of sad facial expressions and autonomic nervous system responding in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. Psychophysiology, 45, 100–110. PubMed
go back to reference Mattila, M. L., Hurtig, T., Haapsamo, H., Jussila, K., Kuusikko-Gauffin, S., Kielinen, M., et al. (2010). Comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism: a community- and clinic-based study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1080–1093. PubMedCrossRef Mattila, M. L., Hurtig, T., Haapsamo, H., Jussila, K., Kuusikko-Gauffin, S., Kielinen, M., et al. (2010). Comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism: a community- and clinic-based study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1080–1093. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McIntosh, D. N., Reichmann-Decker, A., Winkielman, P., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2006). When the social mirror breaks: deficits in automatic, but not voluntary, mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism. Developmental Science, 9, 295–302. PubMedCrossRef McIntosh, D. N., Reichmann-Decker, A., Winkielman, P., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2006). When the social mirror breaks: deficits in automatic, but not voluntary, mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism. Developmental Science, 9, 295–302. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Monk, C. S., Weng, S. J., Wiggins, J. L., Kurapati, N., Louro, H. M. C., Carrasco, M., et al. (2010). Neural circuitry of emotional face processing in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 35, 105–114. CrossRef Monk, C. S., Weng, S. J., Wiggins, J. L., Kurapati, N., Louro, H. M. C., Carrasco, M., et al. (2010). Neural circuitry of emotional face processing in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 35, 105–114. CrossRef
go back to reference Montagne, B., Kessels, R. P., De Haan, E. H., & Perrett, D. I. (2007). The emotion recognition task: a paradigm to measure the perception of facial emotional expressions at different intensities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 589–598. PubMedCrossRef Montagne, B., Kessels, R. P., De Haan, E. H., & Perrett, D. I. (2007). The emotion recognition task: a paradigm to measure the perception of facial emotional expressions at different intensities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 589–598. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Norbury, C. F., Brock, J., Cragg, L., Einav, S., Griffiths, H., & Nation, K. (2009). Eye-movement patterns are associated with communicative competence in autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 834–842. PubMedCrossRef Norbury, C. F., Brock, J., Cragg, L., Einav, S., Griffiths, H., & Nation, K. (2009). Eye-movement patterns are associated with communicative competence in autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 834–842. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference O’Connor, K., Hamm, J. P., & Kirk, I. J. (2005). The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger’s syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 59, 82–95. PubMedCrossRef O’Connor, K., Hamm, J. P., & Kirk, I. J. (2005). The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger’s syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 59, 82–95. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Oberman, L. M., Winkielman, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2009). Slow echo: facial EMG evidence for the delay of spontaneous, but not voluntary, emotional mimicry in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Science, 12, 510–520. PubMedCrossRef Oberman, L. M., Winkielman, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2009). Slow echo: facial EMG evidence for the delay of spontaneous, but not voluntary, emotional mimicry in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Science, 12, 510–520. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ortiz, J., & Raine, A. (2004). Heart rate level and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 154–162. PubMedCrossRef Ortiz, J., & Raine, A. (2004). Heart rate level and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 154–162. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pajer, K., Leininger, L., & Gardner, W. (2010). Recognition of facial affect in girls with conduct disorder. Psychiatry Research, 175, 244–251. PubMedCrossRef Pajer, K., Leininger, L., & Gardner, W. (2010). Recognition of facial affect in girls with conduct disorder. Psychiatry Research, 175, 244–251. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pfeifer, J. H., & Dapretto, M. (2009). “Mirror, mirror, in my mind”: empathy, interpersonal competence, and the mirror neuron system. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 183–198). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Pfeifer, J. H., & Dapretto, M. (2009). “Mirror, mirror, in my mind”: empathy, interpersonal competence, and the mirror neuron system. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 183–198). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
go back to reference Pfeifer, J. H., Iacoboni, M., Mazziotta, J. C., & Dapretto, M. (2008). Mirroring others' emotions relates to empathy and interpersonal competence in children. Neuroimage, 39, 2076–2085. Pfeifer, J. H., Iacoboni, M., Mazziotta, J. C., & Dapretto, M. (2008). Mirroring others' emotions relates to empathy and interpersonal competence in children. Neuroimage, 39, 2076–2085.
go back to reference Picard, R. W. (2009). Future affective technology for autism and emotion communication. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3575–3584. CrossRef Picard, R. W. (2009). Future affective technology for autism and emotion communication. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3575–3584. CrossRef
go back to reference Piggot, J., Kwon, H., Mobbs, D., Blasey, C., Lotspeich, L., Menon, V., et al. (2004). Emotional attribution in high-functioning individuals with autistic spectrum disorder: a functional imaging study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 473–480. PubMedCrossRef Piggot, J., Kwon, H., Mobbs, D., Blasey, C., Lotspeich, L., Menon, V., et al. (2004). Emotional attribution in high-functioning individuals with autistic spectrum disorder: a functional imaging study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 473–480. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Press, C., Richardson, D., & Bird, G. (2010). Intact imitation of emotional facial actions in autism spectrum conditions. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3291–3297. Press, C., Richardson, D., & Bird, G. (2010). Intact imitation of emotional facial actions in autism spectrum conditions. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3291–3297.
go back to reference Riby, D. M., Whittle, L., & Doherty-Sneddon, G. (2012). Physiological reactivity to faces via live and video-mediated communication in typical and atypical development. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 34, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef Riby, D. M., Whittle, L., & Doherty-Sneddon, G. (2012). Physiological reactivity to faces via live and video-mediated communication in typical and atypical development. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 34, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosset, D. B., Rondan, C., Da, F. D., Santos, A., Assouline, B., & Deruelle, C. (2008). Typical emotion processing for cartoon but not for real faces in children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 919–925. PubMedCrossRef Rosset, D. B., Rondan, C., Da, F. D., Santos, A., Assouline, B., & Deruelle, C. (2008). Typical emotion processing for cartoon but not for real faces in children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 919–925. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rump, K. M., Giovannelli, J. L., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2009). The development of emotion recognition in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80, 1434–1447. PubMedCrossRef Rump, K. M., Giovannelli, J. L., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2009). The development of emotion recognition in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80, 1434–1447. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, C., & Charragain, C. N. (2010). Teaching emotion recognition skills to children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1505–1511. PubMedCrossRef Ryan, C., & Charragain, C. N. (2010). Teaching emotion recognition skills to children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1505–1511. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rymarczyk, K., Biele, C., Grabowska, A., & Majczynski, H. (2011). EMG activity in response to static and dynamic facial expressions. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 79, 330–333. PubMedCrossRef Rymarczyk, K., Biele, C., Grabowska, A., & Majczynski, H. (2011). EMG activity in response to static and dynamic facial expressions. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 79, 330–333. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Scarpa, A., Haden, S. C., & Tanaka, A. (2010). Being hot-tempered: autonomic, emotional, and behavioral distinctions between childhood reactive and proactive aggression. Biological Psychology, 84(488–96), 488–496. PubMedCrossRef Scarpa, A., Haden, S. C., & Tanaka, A. (2010). Being hot-tempered: autonomic, emotional, and behavioral distinctions between childhood reactive and proactive aggression. Biological Psychology, 84(488–96), 488–496. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schepman, K., Taylor, E., Collishaw, S., & Fombonne, E. (2012). Face emotion processing in depressed children and adolescents with and without comorbid conduct disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 583–593. PubMedCrossRef Schepman, K., Taylor, E., Collishaw, S., & Fombonne, E. (2012). Face emotion processing in depressed children and adolescents with and without comorbid conduct disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 583–593. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schoen, S. A., Miller, L. J., Brett-Green, B., & Hepburn, S. L. (2008). Psychophysiology of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 417–429. CrossRef Schoen, S. A., Miller, L. J., Brett-Green, B., & Hepburn, S. L. (2008). Psychophysiology of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 417–429. CrossRef
go back to reference Schrammel, F., Pannasch, S., Graupner, S. T., Mojzisch, A., & Velichkovsky, B. M. (2009). Virtual friend or threat? The effects of facial expression and gaze interaction on psychophysiological responses and emotional experience. Psychophysiology, 46, 922–931. PubMedCrossRef Schrammel, F., Pannasch, S., Graupner, S. T., Mojzisch, A., & Velichkovsky, B. M. (2009). Virtual friend or threat? The effects of facial expression and gaze interaction on psychophysiological responses and emotional experience. Psychophysiology, 46, 922–931. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schwenck, C., Mergenthaler, J., Keller, K., Zech, J., Salehi, S., Taurines, R., Romanos, M., Schecklmann, M., Schneider, W., Warnke, A., & Freitag, C. M. (2012). Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: group-specific profiles and developmental aspects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 651–659. PubMedCrossRef Schwenck, C., Mergenthaler, J., Keller, K., Zech, J., Salehi, S., Taurines, R., Romanos, M., Schecklmann, M., Schneider, W., Warnke, A., & Freitag, C. M. (2012). Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: group-specific profiles and developmental aspects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 651–659. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Senju, A., & Johnson, M. H. (2009). Atypical eye contact in autism: models, mechanisms and development. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 1204–1214. PubMedCrossRef Senju, A., & Johnson, M. H. (2009). Atypical eye contact in autism: models, mechanisms and development. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 1204–1214. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Singer, T. (2006). The neuronal basis and ontogeny of empathy and mind reading: review of literature and implications for future research. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 855–863. PubMedCrossRef Singer, T. (2006). The neuronal basis and ontogeny of empathy and mind reading: review of literature and implications for future research. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 855–863. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sinzig, J., Morsch, D., & Lehmkuhl, G. (2008). Do hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention have an impact on the ability of facial affect recognition in children with autism and ADHD? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 17, 63–72. CrossRef Sinzig, J., Morsch, D., & Lehmkuhl, G. (2008). Do hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention have an impact on the ability of facial affect recognition in children with autism and ADHD? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 17, 63–72. CrossRef
go back to reference Southgate, V., & Hamilton, A. F. (2008). Unbroken mirrors: challenging a theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 225–229. Southgate, V., & Hamilton, A. F. (2008). Unbroken mirrors: challenging a theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 225–229.
go back to reference Speer, L. L., Cook, A. E., McMahon, W. M., & Clark, E. (2007). Face processing in children with autism: effects of stimulus contents and type. Autism, 11, 265–277. PubMedCrossRef Speer, L. L., Cook, A. E., McMahon, W. M., & Clark, E. (2007). Face processing in children with autism: effects of stimulus contents and type. Autism, 11, 265–277. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stel, M., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). The role of facial mimicry in the recognition of affect. Psychological Science, 19, 984–985. PubMedCrossRef Stel, M., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). The role of facial mimicry in the recognition of affect. Psychological Science, 19, 984–985. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stel, M., & Vonk, R. (2010). Mimicry in social interaction: benefits for mimickers, mimickees, and their interaction. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 311–323. PubMedCrossRef Stel, M., & Vonk, R. (2010). Mimicry in social interaction: benefits for mimickers, mimickees, and their interaction. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 311–323. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tassinary, L., Cacioppo, J., & Vanman, E. (2007). The skeletomotor system: surface electromyography. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press. Tassinary, L., Cacioppo, J., & Vanman, E. (2007). The skeletomotor system: surface electromyography. In J. Cacioppo, L. Tassinary, & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (3rd ed., pp. 581–607). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Tracy, J. L., Robins, R. W., Schriber, R. A., & Solomon, M. (2011). Is emotion recognition impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 102–109. PubMedCrossRef Tracy, J. L., Robins, R. W., Schriber, R. A., & Solomon, M. (2011). Is emotion recognition impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 102–109. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Van Baaren, R., Decety, J., Dijksterhuis, A., Van der Leij, A., & Van Leeuwen, M. (2009). Being imitated: consequences of nonconsciously showing empathy. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 31–42). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Van Baaren, R., Decety, J., Dijksterhuis, A., Van der Leij, A., & Van Leeuwen, M. (2009). Being imitated: consequences of nonconsciously showing empathy. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 31–42). London: MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
go back to reference Van den Broek, E. L., & Westerink, J. H. (2009). Considerations for emotion-aware consumer products. Applied Ergonomics, 40, 1055–1064. PubMedCrossRef Van den Broek, E. L., & Westerink, J. H. (2009). Considerations for emotion-aware consumer products. Applied Ergonomics, 40, 1055–1064. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Van der Geest, J. N., Kemner, C., Verbaten, M. N., & Van Engeland, H. (2002). Gaze behavior of children with pervasive developmental disorder toward human faces: a fixation time study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 669–678. PubMedCrossRef Van der Geest, J. N., Kemner, C., Verbaten, M. N., & Van Engeland, H. (2002). Gaze behavior of children with pervasive developmental disorder toward human faces: a fixation time study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 669–678. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wagner, J. B., Hirsch, S. B., Vogel-Farley, V. K., Redcay, E., & Nelson, C. A. (2012). Eye-tracking, autonomic, and electrophysiological correlates of emotional face processing in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2012 Jun 9. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-012-1565-1. Wagner, J. B., Hirsch, S. B., Vogel-Farley, V. K., Redcay, E., & Nelson, C. A. (2012). Eye-tracking, autonomic, and electrophysiological correlates of emotional face processing in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2012 Jun 9. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-012-1565-1.
go back to reference Wallace, G. L., Case, L. K., Harms, M. B., Silvers, J. A., Kenworthy, L., & Martin, A. (2011). Diminished sensitivity to sad facial expressions in high functioning autism spectrum disorders is associated with symptomatology and adaptive functioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 1475–1486. PubMedCrossRef Wallace, G. L., Case, L. K., Harms, M. B., Silvers, J. A., Kenworthy, L., & Martin, A. (2011). Diminished sensitivity to sad facial expressions in high functioning autism spectrum disorders is associated with symptomatology and adaptive functioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 1475–1486. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wang, A. T., Dapretto, M., Hariri, A. R., Sigman, M., & Bookheimer, S. Y. (2004). Neural correlates of facial affect processing in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 481–490. PubMedCrossRef Wang, A. T., Dapretto, M., Hariri, A. R., Sigman, M., & Bookheimer, S. Y. (2004). Neural correlates of facial affect processing in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 481–490. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Weng, S. J., Carrasco, M., Swartz, J. R., Wiggins, J. L., Kurapati, N., Liberzon, I., et al. (2011). Neural activation to emotional faces in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 296–305. PubMedCrossRef Weng, S. J., Carrasco, M., Swartz, J. R., Wiggins, J. L., Kurapati, N., Liberzon, I., et al. (2011). Neural activation to emotional faces in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 296–305. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Weyers, P., Mühlberger, A., Hefele, C., & Pauli, P. (2006). Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions. Psychophysiology, 43, 450–453. PubMedCrossRef Weyers, P., Mühlberger, A., Hefele, C., & Pauli, P. (2006). Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions. Psychophysiology, 43, 450–453. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wong, T. K., Fung, P. C., Chua, S. E., & McAlonan, G. M. (2008). Abnormal spatiotemporal processing of emotional facial expressions in childhood autism: dipole source analysis of event-related potentials. European Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 407–416. PubMedCrossRef Wong, T. K., Fung, P. C., Chua, S. E., & McAlonan, G. M. (2008). Abnormal spatiotemporal processing of emotional facial expressions in childhood autism: dipole source analysis of event-related potentials. European Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 407–416. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wong, N., Beidel, D. C., Sarver, D. E., & Sims, V. (2012). Facial emotion recognition in children with high functioning autism and children with social phobia. Child Psychiatry an Human Development, 43, 775–794. Wong, N., Beidel, D. C., Sarver, D. E., & Sims, V. (2012). Facial emotion recognition in children with high functioning autism and children with social phobia. Child Psychiatry an Human Development, 43, 775–794.
go back to reference Woodworth, M., & Waschbusch, D. (2008). Emotional processing in children with conduct problems and callous/unemotional traits. Child: Care, Health and Development, 34, 234–244. CrossRef Woodworth, M., & Waschbusch, D. (2008). Emotional processing in children with conduct problems and callous/unemotional traits. Child: Care, Health and Development, 34, 234–244. CrossRef
go back to reference Wright, B., Clarke, N., Jordan, J., Young, A. W., Clarke, P., Miles, J., et al. (2008). Emotion recognition in faces and the use of visual context in young people with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 12, 607–626. PubMedCrossRef Wright, B., Clarke, N., Jordan, J., Young, A. W., Clarke, P., Miles, J., et al. (2008). Emotion recognition in faces and the use of visual context in young people with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 12, 607–626. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Young, S. K., Fox, N. A., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (1999). The relations between temperament and empathy in 2-year-olds. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1189–1197. PubMedCrossRef Young, S. K., Fox, N. A., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (1999). The relations between temperament and empathy in 2-year-olds. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1189–1197. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Motor, Emotional, and Cognitive Empathy in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Conduct Disorder
Auteurs
Danielle Bons
Egon van den Broek
Floor Scheepers
Pierre Herpers
Nanda Rommelse
Jan K. Buitelaaar
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-012-9689-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2013

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 3/2013 Naar de uitgave