Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Research suggests that mothers may play a role in girls’ body image development. The “interactive” hypothesis specifies that qualities of the mother–daughter relationship, as opposed to maternal modeling alone, predict daughter’s body image. We sought to understand how maternal relationship quality, from the perception of both daughters and mothers, was associated with preadolescent girls’ body image. The relationship between mother–daughter relationship quality and daughters’ body image was examined in 152 girls (ages 8–12) and their mothers. Mothers and daughters primarily identified as non-Hispanic white or Hispanic. Hierarchical linear regression analyses indicated that daughters’ perception of mother–daughter relationship quality was associated with daughters’ body esteem and body dissatisfaction, adding a small, but significant, amount of variance above the larger effect of child z-BMI and age. In contrast, maternal perception of mother–daughter relationship quality was not associated with any child body image measures. Young girls who perceived their relationships with their mothers more positively had healthier body images. Although effect sizes were relatively small and the cross-sectional design precludes conclusions regarding causality, these results support the “interactive” model of body image development whereby the characteristics of the mother–daughter relationship (as perceived by the daughter) are related to body image. Our findings support the notion that daughters’ perceptions of strong mother–daughter relationships are associated with healthy child body image, and fall in line with family-based prevention efforts that attempt to enhance parent–child relationships.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Allen, J. P., & Land, D. (1999). Attachment in adolescence. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment theory and research (pp. 319–335). New York: Guilford.
Bracken, B. A. (1993). Assessment of interpersonal relations. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Bun Lam, C., & McHale, S. M. (2012). Developmental patterns and family predictors of adolescent weight concerns: A replication and extension. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45, 524–530. CrossRef
Candy, C. M., & Fee, V. E. (1998). Reliability and concurrent validity of the Kids’ Eating Disorders Survey (KEDS) Body Image Silhouettes with preadolescent girls. Eating Disorders, 6, 297–308. CrossRef
Center for Disease Control. (2010). Defining overweight and obesity. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/defining.html
Chadwick, D. (2009). You’d be so pretty if…: Teaching our daughters to love their bodies-even when we don’t love our own. Philadelphia, PA: Da Capo Press.
Clark, L., & Tiggemann, M. (2006). Appearance culture in nine- to 12-year-old girls: Media and peer influences on body dissatisfaction. Social Development, 15, 628–643. CrossRef
Cleminshaw, J., & Guidibaldi, H. K. (1985). The development of the Cleminshaw–Guidibaldi Parent Satisfaction Scale. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 14, 293–298. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Fuerstein, L. A. (2009). My mother, my mirror: Recognizing and making the most of inherited self-images. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Gardner, R. M., & Brown, D. L. (2010). Body image assessment: A review of figural drawing scales. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 107–111. CrossRef
Garner, D. M. (1991). Eating disorder inventory-2 manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Gilliand, M. J., Windle, M., Grunbaum, J., Yancey, A., Hoelscher, D., Tortolero, S. R., & Schuster, M. A. (2007). Body image and children’s mental health related behaviors: Results from the healthy passages study. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 30–41. CrossRef
Guidibaldi, H. K., & Cleminshaw, J. (1994). The parenting satisfaction scale. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Harriger, J. A., Calogero, R. M., Witherington, D. C., & Smith, J. E. (2010). Body size stereotyping and internalization of the thin ideal in preschool girls. Sex Roles, 63, 609–620. CrossRef
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: The Guilford Press.
Kearney-Cooke, A. (2002). Familial influences on body image development. In T. Cash & T. Pruzinsky (Eds.), Body image: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice (pp. 99–108). New York: Gilford Press.
Kuczmarski, R. J., Ogden, C. L., Grummer-Strawn, L. M., Flegal, K. M., Guo, S. S., Wei, R., & Johnson, C. L. (2000). CDC growth charts: United States. Advance Data, 8, 1–27.
Lemma, P., Zambon, A., Borraccino, A., Migliaretti, G., & Cavallo, F. (2006). Improving children’s self-esteem and perceived social related abilities: The evaluation of a school-based program. Italian Journal of Public Health, 3, 73–80.
Lewis, D. M., & Cachelin, F. (2001). Body image, body dissatisfaction, and eating attitudes in midlife and elderly women. Eating Disorders, 9, 21–31. CrossRef
McVey, G. L., Pepler, D., Davis, R., Flett, G. L., & Abdolell, M. (2002). Risk and protective factors associated with disordered eating during early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 22, 75–95. CrossRef
Mendelson, B. K., & White, D. R. (1985). Development of body esteem in overweight youngsters. Developmental Psychology, 21, 90–96. CrossRef
Phares, V., Steinberg, A. R., & Thompson, J. K. (2004). Gender difference in peer and parental influences: Body image disturbance, self-worth, and psychological functioning in preadolescent children. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 421–429. CrossRef
Preacher, K.J. (2002). Calculation for the test of the difference between two independent correlation coefficients [Computer software]. Available from http://quantpsy.org
Rodriguez, C. M. (2008). Ecological predictors of parenting style and child abuse potential in a Hispanic and Anglo-American sample. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 17, 336–352. CrossRef
Smolak, L., & Levine, M. P. (2001). Body image in children. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 41–66). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Steidel, A. G., & Contreras, J. M. (2003). A new familism scale for use with Latino populations. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 25, 312–330. CrossRef
Steinberg, A. B., & Phares, V. (2001). Family functioning, body image, and eating disturbances. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 41–66). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Stunkard, A. J., Sorensen, T., & Schulsinger, F. (1983). Use of the Danish adoption register for the study of obesity and thinness. Genetics of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, 60, 115–120.
Thompson, J. K., & Altabe, M. N. (1991). Psychometric qualities of the figure rating scale. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 615–619. CrossRef
Thompson, J. K., & Smolak, K. (2001). Introduction. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 1–18). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Usmiani, S., & Daniluk, J. (1997). Mothers and their adolescent daughters: Relationship between self-esteem, gender role identity, & body image. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 26, 45–62. CrossRef
van Bell, G. (2002). Statistical rules of thumb. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Wood, K. C., Becker, J. A., & Thompson, J. K. (1996). Body image dissatisfaction in preadolescent children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 17, 85–100. CrossRef
- Mother–Daughter Relationship Quality and Body Image in Preadolescent Girls
Jane Ellen Smith
Sarah J. Erickson
Julia L. Austin
Jaime L. Winn
Denise N. Lash
Paul C. Amrhein
- Springer US