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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2018

20-07-2018 | Original Paper

Mother-Child Interactive Behaviors and Cognition in Preschoolers Born Preterm and Full Term

Auteurs: Sarah J. Erickson, Susanne W. Duvall, Peggy C. MacLean, J. Scott Tonigan, Robin K. Ohls, Jean R. Lowe

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2018

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between child-mother interactive behaviors and cognition in preschoolers born preterm (<32 weeks gestation; n = 82) and full term (>37 weeks gestation; n = 53). Child-mother interactive behaviors were assessed during a videotaped free play session. Maternal education and neonatal medical factors were included as covariates. Although the preterm and full term groups showed some differences in child and mother interactive behaviors, we found that the child and mother behaviors associated with Verbal IQ (VIQ) and Performance IQ (PIQ) were the same for both children born preterm and full term and for both sexes. Child positive affect and quality of communication; and maternal responsiveness to verbal cues remained significantly associated with VIQ after controlling for sociodemographic variables. Children born preterm showed significantly less responsiveness to their mother and lower levels of play sophistication compared with children born full term. Mothers of children born preterm showed less emotional attunement, lower responsiveness to nonverbal cues, and lower quality of communication compared with mothers of children born full term. Models predicting VIQ and PIQ included maternal education, gestational age, maternal and child interactive behaviors, and one uniquely significant combined mother-child (interaction) term in each model. Child-mother interactive behaviors associated with VIQ and PIQ are the same for both children born preterm and full term and for both sexes, suggesting that similar interactive behaviors may be important in facilitating cognitive development.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Mother-Child Interactive Behaviors and Cognition in Preschoolers Born Preterm and Full Term
Auteurs
Sarah J. Erickson
Susanne W. Duvall
Peggy C. MacLean
J. Scott Tonigan
Robin K. Ohls
Jean R. Lowe
Publicatiedatum
20-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1196-z