Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2007

01-04-2007 | Original Paper

Mother-Child Conflict Interaction in the Toddler Years: Behavior Patterns and Correlates

Auteurs: Keng-Yen Huang, Douglas M. Teti, Margaret O’Brien Caughy, Stanley Feldstein, Janice Genevro

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 2/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We examined mother-child (M-C) conflict behavior during the toddler years. The nature of M-C conflict behaviors, whether conflict behavior differed by context, and factors that were associated with conflict interactions were examined. We used data collected as part of the National Evaluation of the Healthy Steps for Young Children Program. 378 M-C dyads participated in this study. Videotaped observational data at 16–18 months were used to code conflict behaviors using an event recording method. Results showed that M-C conflict were more likely to be initiated by the mothers and that conflict interactions were influenced by context of interaction, family, maternal, and child temperamental factors. In this study, we provide a foundation for understanding parent-child conflict interaction prior to age two.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bakeman, R., & Gottman, J. M. (1986). Observing interaction: An introduction to sequential analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bakeman, R., & Gottman, J. M. (1986). Observing interaction: An introduction to sequential analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Bell, R. Q., & Chapman, M. (1986). Child effects in studies using experimental of brief longitudinal approaches to socialization. Developmental Psychology, 22, 595–603. CrossRef Bell, R. Q., & Chapman, M. (1986). Child effects in studies using experimental of brief longitudinal approaches to socialization. Developmental Psychology, 22, 595–603. CrossRef
go back to reference Braungart-Rieker, J., Garwood, M. M., & Stifter, C. A. (1997). Compliance and noncompliance: The roles of maternal control and child temperament. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 411–428. CrossRef Braungart-Rieker, J., Garwood, M. M., & Stifter, C. A. (1997). Compliance and noncompliance: The roles of maternal control and child temperament. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 411–428. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, J. R., & Dunn, J. (1996). Continuities in emotional understanding from 3 to 6 years. Child Development, 67, 789–802. PubMedCrossRef Brown, J. R., & Dunn, J. (1996). Continuities in emotional understanding from 3 to 6 years. Child Development, 67, 789–802. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Buss, D. M. (1981). Predicting parent-child interactions from children's activity level. Developmental Psychology, 17, 59–65. CrossRef Buss, D. M. (1981). Predicting parent-child interactions from children's activity level. Developmental Psychology, 17, 59–65. CrossRef
go back to reference Calkins, S. D. (1994). Origins and outcomes of individual differences in emotion regulation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. The Development of Emotion Regulation-Biological and Behavioral Considerations, 59, 2/3, 53–72. Calkins, S. D. (1994). Origins and outcomes of individual differences in emotion regulation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. The Development of Emotion Regulation-Biological and Behavioral Considerations, 59, 2/3, 53–72.
go back to reference Campbell, S. B., Cohn, J. F., & Meyers, T. (1995). Depression in first-time mothers: Mother-infant interaction and depression chronicity. Developmental Psychology, 31, 349–357. CrossRef Campbell, S. B., Cohn, J. F., & Meyers, T. (1995). Depression in first-time mothers: Mother-infant interaction and depression chronicity. Developmental Psychology, 31, 349–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Caughy, M. O., Huang, K., Miller, T. L., & Genevro, J. L. (2004). The effects of the healthy steps for young children program: Results from observations of parenting and child development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19, 611–630. CrossRef Caughy, M. O., Huang, K., Miller, T. L., & Genevro, J. L. (2004). The effects of the healthy steps for young children program: Results from observations of parenting and child development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19, 611–630. CrossRef
go back to reference Caughy, M. O., Miller, T. L., Genevro, J. L., Huang, K., & Nautiyal, C. (2003). The effects of healthy steps on discipline strategies of parents of young children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, 517–534. CrossRef Caughy, M. O., Miller, T. L., Genevro, J. L., Huang, K., & Nautiyal, C. (2003). The effects of healthy steps on discipline strategies of parents of young children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, 517–534. CrossRef
go back to reference Chapman, M., & McBride, M. L. (1992). The education of reason: Cognitive conflict and its role in intellectual development. In C. U. Shantz, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 36–69). New York: Cambridge University Press. Chapman, M., & McBride, M. L. (1992). The education of reason: Cognitive conflict and its role in intellectual development. In C. U. Shantz, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 36–69). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Clark, L. A., Kochanska, G., & Eady, R. (2000). Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 274–285. PubMedCrossRef Clark, L. A., Kochanska, G., & Eady, R. (2000). Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 274–285. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coyl, D. D., Roggman, L. A., & Newland, L. A. (2004). Stress, maternal depression, and negative mother-infant interactions in relation to infant attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 23, 145–163. CrossRef Coyl, D. D., Roggman, L. A., & Newland, L. A. (2004). Stress, maternal depression, and negative mother-infant interactions in relation to infant attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 23, 145–163. CrossRef
go back to reference Day, R. D., Peterson, G. W., & McCracken, C. (1998). Predicting spanking of younger and older children by mothers and fathers. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60, 79–94. CrossRef Day, R. D., Peterson, G. W., & McCracken, C. (1998). Predicting spanking of younger and older children by mothers and fathers. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60, 79–94. CrossRef
go back to reference Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (1997). The timing and severity of antisocial behavior: Three hypotheses within an ecological framework. In D. M. Stoff, & J. Breiling (Eds.), Handbook of antisocial behavior (pp. 205–217). New York: Wiley. Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (1997). The timing and severity of antisocial behavior: Three hypotheses within an ecological framework. In D. M. Stoff, & J. Breiling (Eds.), Handbook of antisocial behavior (pp. 205–217). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Dix, T. H. (1991). The affective organization of parenting: Adaptive and maladaptive processes. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 3–25. PubMedCrossRef Dix, T. H. (1991). The affective organization of parenting: Adaptive and maladaptive processes. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 3–25. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dukewich, T. L., Borkowski, J. G., & Whitman, T. L. (1996). Adolescent mothers and child abuse potential: An evaluation of risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 20, 1031–1047. PubMedCrossRef Dukewich, T. L., Borkowski, J. G., & Whitman, T. L. (1996). Adolescent mothers and child abuse potential: An evaluation of risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 20, 1031–1047. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, J. (1993). Social interaction, relationships, and the development of causal discourse and conflict management. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 111, 391–401. CrossRef Dunn, J. (1993). Social interaction, relationships, and the development of causal discourse and conflict management. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 111, 391–401. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, J., & Munn, P. (1985). Becoming a family member: Family conflict and the development of social understanding in the second year. Child Development, 56, 480–492. CrossRef Dunn, J., & Munn, P. (1985). Becoming a family member: Family conflict and the development of social understanding in the second year. Child Development, 56, 480–492. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, J., & Slomkowski, C. (1992). Conflict and the development of social understanding. In C. Shantz & W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 70–92). New York: Cambridge University Press. Dunn, J., & Slomkowski, C. (1992). Conflict and the development of social understanding. In C. Shantz & W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 70–92). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Eaton, W., & Ennis, L. (1986). Sex differences in human motor activity level. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 19–28. PubMedCrossRef Eaton, W., & Ennis, L. (1986). Sex differences in human motor activity level. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 19–28. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, A. R. (1992). Conflicts between mothers and their young children. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 38, 21–43. Eisenberg, A. R. (1992). Conflicts between mothers and their young children. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 38, 21–43.
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., & Fabes, R. A. (1994). Mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions: Relations to children's temperament and anger behavior. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 138–156. Eisenberg, N., & Fabes, R. A. (1994). Mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions: Relations to children's temperament and anger behavior. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 138–156.
go back to reference Field, T., Healy, B., Goldstein, S., & Guthertz, M. (1990). Behavior-state matching and synchrony in mother-infant interactions of nondepressed versus depressed dyads. Developmental Psychology, 26, 7–14. CrossRef Field, T., Healy, B., Goldstein, S., & Guthertz, M. (1990). Behavior-state matching and synchrony in mother-infant interactions of nondepressed versus depressed dyads. Developmental Psychology, 26, 7–14. CrossRef
go back to reference Fox, R. A., Platz, D. L., & Bentley, K. S. (1995). Maternal factors related to parenting practices, developmental expectations, and perceptions of child behavior problems. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 156, 431–441. PubMedCrossRef Fox, R. A., Platz, D. L., & Bentley, K. S. (1995). Maternal factors related to parenting practices, developmental expectations, and perceptions of child behavior problems. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 156, 431–441. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gardner, F., Fonuga-Barke, E., & Sayal, K. (1999). Parents anticipating misbehavior: An observational study of strategies parents use to prevent conflict with behavior problem children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1185–1196. PubMedCrossRef Gardner, F., Fonuga-Barke, E., & Sayal, K. (1999). Parents anticipating misbehavior: An observational study of strategies parents use to prevent conflict with behavior problem children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1185–1196. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gershoff, E. T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: A meta-analytic and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 539–579. PubMedCrossRef Gershoff, E. T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: A meta-analytic and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 539–579. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Giles-Sims, J., Straus, M. A., & Sugarman, D. B. (1995). Child, maternal, and family characteristics associated with spanking. Journal of Applied Family & Child Studies, 44, 170–176. Giles-Sims, J., Straus, M. A., & Sugarman, D. B. (1995). Child, maternal, and family characteristics associated with spanking. Journal of Applied Family & Child Studies, 44, 170–176.
go back to reference Goldsmith, H. H. (1996). Studying temperament via construction of the toddler behavior assessment questionnaire. Child Development, 67, 218–235. PubMedCrossRef Goldsmith, H. H. (1996). Studying temperament via construction of the toddler behavior assessment questionnaire. Child Development, 67, 218–235. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Guyer, B., Hughart, N., Strobino, D., Jones, A., & Scharfstein, D. (2000). Assessing the impact of pediatric-based developmental services on infants, families, and clinicians: Challenges to evaluating the healthy steps program. Pediatrics, 105, E33. PubMedCrossRef Guyer, B., Hughart, N., Strobino, D., Jones, A., & Scharfstein, D. (2000). Assessing the impact of pediatric-based developmental services on infants, families, and clinicians: Challenges to evaluating the healthy steps program. Pediatrics, 105, E33. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hay, D. F. (1984). Social conflict in early childhood. In G. Whitehurst (Ed.), Annals of child development vol. 1; (pp. 1–44). Greenwich, CT: JAI. Hay, D. F. (1984). Social conflict in early childhood. In G. Whitehurst (Ed.), Annals of child development vol. 1; (pp. 1–44). Greenwich, CT: JAI.
go back to reference Herrenkohl, R. C., Egolf, B. P., & Herrenkohl, E. C. (1997). Preschool antecedents of adolescent assaultive behavior: A longitudinal study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67, 422–432. PubMedCrossRef Herrenkohl, R. C., Egolf, B. P., & Herrenkohl, E. C. (1997). Preschool antecedents of adolescent assaultive behavior: A longitudinal study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67, 422–432. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Herrera, C., & Dunn, J. (1997). Early experiences with family conflict: Implications for arguments with a close friend. Developmental Psychology, 33, 869–881. PubMedCrossRef Herrera, C., & Dunn, J. (1997). Early experiences with family conflict: Implications for arguments with a close friend. Developmental Psychology, 33, 869–881. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hetherington, E. M., & Kelly, J. (2002). For better or for worse. New York: Norton. Hetherington, E. M., & Kelly, J. (2002). For better or for worse. New York: Norton.
go back to reference Hoffman, M. L. (1983). Affective and cognitive processes in moral internalization. In E. T. Higgins, D. Ruble, & W. Hartup (Eds.), Social cognition and social development: A sociocultural perspective (pp. 236–274). New York: Cambridge University Press. Hoffman, M. L. (1983). Affective and cognitive processes in moral internalization. In E. T. Higgins, D. Ruble, & W. Hartup (Eds.), Social cognition and social development: A sociocultural perspective (pp. 236–274). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Hoffman, Y., & Drotar, D. (1991). The impact of postpartum depressed mood on mother-infant interaction: Like mother like baby? Infant Mental Health Journal, 12, 65–80. Hoffman, Y., & Drotar, D. (1991). The impact of postpartum depressed mood on mother-infant interaction: Like mother like baby? Infant Mental Health Journal, 12, 65–80.
go back to reference Huang, K., Caughy, M. O., Genevro, J. L., & Miller, I. (2005). Maternal knowledge of child development and quality of parenting among white, African-American and Hispanic mothers. Applied Developmental Psychology, 26, 149–170. CrossRef Huang, K., Caughy, M. O., Genevro, J. L., & Miller, I. (2005). Maternal knowledge of child development and quality of parenting among white, African-American and Hispanic mothers. Applied Developmental Psychology, 26, 149–170. CrossRef
go back to reference Huston, A. C. (1983). Sex-typing. In P. H. Mussen & E. M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 388–467). New York: Wiley. Huston, A. C. (1983). Sex-typing. In P. H. Mussen & E. M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 388–467). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Ingoldsby, E. M., Shaw, D. S., & Garcia, M. M. (2001). Intrafamily conflict in relation to boys' adjustment at school. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 35–52. PubMedCrossRef Ingoldsby, E. M., Shaw, D. S., & Garcia, M. M. (2001). Intrafamily conflict in relation to boys' adjustment at school. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 35–52. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kelley, M. L., Power, T. G., & Wimbush, D. D. (1992). Determinants of disciplinary practices in low-income black mothers. Child Development, 63, 573–582. CrossRef Kelley, M. L., Power, T. G., & Wimbush, D. D. (1992). Determinants of disciplinary practices in low-income black mothers. Child Development, 63, 573–582. CrossRef
go back to reference Kelley, M. L., Sanchez-Hucles, J., & Walker, R. R. (1993). Correlates of disciplinary practices in working-to-middle-class African-American mothers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 39, 252–264. Kelley, M. L., Sanchez-Hucles, J., & Walker, R. R. (1993). Correlates of disciplinary practices in working-to-middle-class African-American mothers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 39, 252–264.
go back to reference Klimes-Dougan, B., & Kopp, C. (1999). Children's conflict tactics with mothers: A longitudinal investigation of the toddler and preschool years. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 45, 226–242. Klimes-Dougan, B., & Kopp, C. (1999). Children's conflict tactics with mothers: A longitudinal investigation of the toddler and preschool years. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 45, 226–242.
go back to reference Kochanska, G., & Aksan, N. (1995). Mother-child mutually positive affect, the quality of child compliance to requests and prohibitions, and maternal control as correlates of early internalization. Child Development, 66, 236–254. CrossRef Kochanska, G., & Aksan, N. (1995). Mother-child mutually positive affect, the quality of child compliance to requests and prohibitions, and maternal control as correlates of early internalization. Child Development, 66, 236–254. CrossRef
go back to reference Kochanska, G., Forman, D. R., & Coy, K. C. (1999). Implications of the mother-child relationship in infancy socialization in the second year of life. Infant Behavior & Development, 22, 249–265. CrossRef Kochanska, G., Forman, D. R., & Coy, K. C. (1999). Implications of the mother-child relationship in infancy socialization in the second year of life. Infant Behavior & Development, 22, 249–265. CrossRef
go back to reference Kuczynski, L., Kochanska, G., Radke-Yarrow, M., & Girnius-Brown, O. (1987). A developmental interpretation of young children's noncompliance. Developmental Psychology, 23, 799–806. CrossRef Kuczynski, L., Kochanska, G., Radke-Yarrow, M., & Girnius-Brown, O. (1987). A developmental interpretation of young children's noncompliance. Developmental Psychology, 23, 799–806. CrossRef
go back to reference Laible, D. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2002). Mother-child conflict in the toddler years: Lessons in emotion, morality, and relationships. Child Development, 73, 1187–1203. PubMedCrossRef Laible, D. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2002). Mother-child conflict in the toddler years: Lessons in emotion, morality, and relationships. Child Development, 73, 1187–1203. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lamb, M., Ketterlinus, R., & Fracasso, M. (1992). Parent-child relationships. In M. Borenstein, & M. Lamb (Eds.), Developmental psychology: An advanced textbook (3 ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Lamb, M., Ketterlinus, R., & Fracasso, M. (1992). Parent-child relationships. In M. Borenstein, & M. Lamb (Eds.), Developmental psychology: An advanced textbook (3 ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Child outcomes of nonabusive and customary physical punishment by parents: An updated literature review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 3, 199–221. PubMedCrossRef Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Child outcomes of nonabusive and customary physical punishment by parents: An updated literature review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 3, 199–221. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lecuyer-Maus, E. A., & Houck, G. M. (2002). Mother-toddler interaction and the development of self-regulation in a limit-setting context. Journal of Pediatric Nurse, 17, 184–200. CrossRef Lecuyer-Maus, E. A., & Houck, G. M. (2002). Mother-toddler interaction and the development of self-regulation in a limit-setting context. Journal of Pediatric Nurse, 17, 184–200. CrossRef
go back to reference Lytton, H., & Romney, D. M. (1991). Parents' differential socialization of boys and girls: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 267–296. CrossRef Lytton, H., & Romney, D. M. (1991). Parents' differential socialization of boys and girls: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 267–296. CrossRef
go back to reference MacPhee, D. (1981). Knowledge of infant development inventory manual. Chapel Hill, NC: Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina. MacPhee, D. (1981). Knowledge of infant development inventory manual. Chapel Hill, NC: Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina.
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of econmic hardship on black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of econmic hardship on black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Minkovitz, C. S., Hughart, N., Strobino, D., Scharfstein, D., Grason, H., & Hou, W. (2003). A practice-based intervention to enhance quality of care in the first 3 years of life: The healthy steps for young children program. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290, 3081–3091. PubMedCrossRef Minkovitz, C. S., Hughart, N., Strobino, D., Scharfstein, D., Grason, H., & Hou, W. (2003). A practice-based intervention to enhance quality of care in the first 3 years of life: The healthy steps for young children program. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290, 3081–3091. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Minton, C., Kagan, J., & Levine, J. A. (1971). Maternal control and obedience in the two-year-old. Child Development, 42, 1873–1894. CrossRef Minton, C., Kagan, J., & Levine, J. A. (1971). Maternal control and obedience in the two-year-old. Child Development, 42, 1873–1894. CrossRef
go back to reference Power, T. G., & Chapieski, M. L. (1986). Childrearing and impulse control in toddlers: A naturalistic investigation. Developmental Psychology, 22, 271–275. CrossRef Power, T. G., & Chapieski, M. L. (1986). Childrearing and impulse control in toddlers: A naturalistic investigation. Developmental Psychology, 22, 271–275. CrossRef
go back to reference Power, T. G., Olvera, N., & Hays, J. (2002). Maternal socialization of safety practices among Mexican American children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 23, 83–97. CrossRef Power, T. G., Olvera, N., & Hays, J. (2002). Maternal socialization of safety practices among Mexican American children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 23, 83–97. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Hastings, P., Chen, X., Stewart, S., & McNichol, K. (1998). Interpersonal and maternal correlates of aggression, conflict, and externalizing problems in toddlers. Child Development, 69, 1614–1629. PubMedCrossRef Rubin, K. H., Hastings, P., Chen, X., Stewart, S., & McNichol, K. (1998). Interpersonal and maternal correlates of aggression, conflict, and externalizing problems in toddlers. Child Development, 69, 1614–1629. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Smith, T. K. (2002). The relationship between knowledge, attributions and behavior in adolescent mothers: Implications for child outcomes. Unpublished manuscript. Smith, T. K. (2002). The relationship between knowledge, attributions and behavior in adolescent mothers: Implications for child outcomes. Unpublished manuscript.
go back to reference Strassberg, Z., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1994). Spanking in the home and children's subsequent aggression toward kindergarten peers. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 445–461. CrossRef Strassberg, Z., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1994). Spanking in the home and children's subsequent aggression toward kindergarten peers. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 445–461. CrossRef
go back to reference Sumner, G., & Spietz, A. (1994). NCAST: Caregiver/parent-child interaction teaching manual. Seattle, Washington: NCAST Publications. Sumner, G., & Spietz, A. (1994). NCAST: Caregiver/parent-child interaction teaching manual. Seattle, Washington: NCAST Publications.
go back to reference Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. The development of emotion regulation- biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the society for research in child development, Vol. 59 (2–3, serial no. 240), pp. (25–52). Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. The development of emotion regulation- biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the society for research in child development, Vol. 59 (2–3, serial no. 240), pp. (25–52).
go back to reference Tronick, E. Z., & Cohn, J. F. (1989). Infant-mother face-to-fact interaction: Age and gender differences in coordination. Child Development, 60, 85–92. PubMedCrossRef Tronick, E. Z., & Cohn, J. F. (1989). Infant-mother face-to-fact interaction: Age and gender differences in coordination. Child Development, 60, 85–92. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Valsiner, J., & Cairns, R. B. (1992). Theoretical perspectives on conflict and development. In C. U. Shantz, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 15–35). New York: Cambridge University Press. Valsiner, J., & Cairns, R. B. (1992). Theoretical perspectives on conflict and development. In C. U. Shantz, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 15–35). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Vaughn, B., Stevenson-Hinde, J. M., & Waters, E. (1992). Attachment security and temperament in infancy and early childhood: Some conceptual clarifications. Developmental Psychology, 28, 463–473. CrossRef Vaughn, B., Stevenson-Hinde, J. M., & Waters, E. (1992). Attachment security and temperament in infancy and early childhood: Some conceptual clarifications. Developmental Psychology, 28, 463–473. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Mother-Child Conflict Interaction in the Toddler Years: Behavior Patterns and Correlates
Auteurs
Keng-Yen Huang
Douglas M. Teti
Margaret O’Brien Caughy
Stanley Feldstein
Janice Genevro
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 2/2007
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-006-9081-6