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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10/2018

08-06-2018 | Empirical Research

More Than Just Keeping Busy: The Protective Effects of Organized Activity Participation on Violence and Substance Use Among Urban Youth

Auteurs: Andria B. Eisman, Daniel B. Lee, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Sarah A. Stoddard, Marc A. Zimmerman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2018

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Abstract

Violence and substance use disproportionately affect African American youth in urban, disadvantaged communities. Expanding positive peer and adult connections is a mechanism by which organized activity participation may reduce risk of negative outcomes. We assessed if organized activity participation decreases the likelihood of later negative outcomes through expanding positive social connections using a parallel mediation model (Wave 1: N = 681; 50% female; Mage = 14.86 years; SD = 0.65). We found indirect effects from participation to cigarette use (b = −0.04, 95% CI: −0.07, −0.01) and violent behavior (b = −0.04; 95% CI: −0.07, −0.01) through positive peer connections. We did not find indirect effects through positive adult connections. This may be because of the notable influence of peers on negative outcomes during adolescence. Organized activities can help youth expand positive peer connections, which, in turn, reduces risk of later negative outcomes. Implications for prevention are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
More Than Just Keeping Busy: The Protective Effects of Organized Activity Participation on Violence and Substance Use Among Urban Youth
Auteurs
Andria B. Eisman
Daniel B. Lee
Hsing-Fang Hsieh
Sarah A. Stoddard
Marc A. Zimmerman
Publicatiedatum
08-06-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2018
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0868-8