Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Conflict adaptation can be measured by the “congruency sequence effect”, denoting the reduction of congruency effects after incongruent trials (where response conflict occurs) relative to congruent trials (without response conflict). Recently, it has been reported that conflict adaptation is larger in negative mood than in positive mood (van Steenbergen et al., Psychological Science 21:1629–1634, 2010). We conducted two experiments further investigating this important finding. Two different interference paradigms were applied to measure conflict adaptation: Experiment 1 was a Flanker task, Experiment 2 was a Stroop-like task. To get as pure a measure of conflict adaptation as possible, we minimized the influence of trial-to-trial priming effects by excluding all kinds of stimulus repetitions. Mood states were induced by presenting film clips with emotional content prior to the interference task. Three mood states were manipulated between subjects: amused, anxious, and sad. Across both interference paradigms, we consistently found conflict adaptation in negative, but not in positive mood. Taken together with van Steenbergen et al. (Psychological Science 21:1629–1634, 2010) findings, the results suggest that the negative-mood-triggered increase in conflict adaptation is a general phenomenon that occurs independently of the particular mood-induction procedure and interference paradigm involved.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Botvinick, M. (2007). Conflict monitoring and decision making: reconciling two perspectives on anterior cingulated function. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 356–366. CrossRef
Coan, J. A., & Allen, J. J. B. (Eds.). (2007). The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dreisbach, G., & Fischer, R. (2012b). Conflicts as aversive signals. Brain and Cognition, 72, 94–98. CrossRef
Egner, T. (2007). Congruency sequence effects and cognitive control. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 380–390. CrossRef
Eriksen, B. A., & Eriksen, C. W. (1974). Effects of noise letters upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task. Perception and Psychophysics, 16, 143–149. CrossRef
Fiedler, K. (2001). Affective states trigger processes of assimilation and accommodation. In L. L. Martin & G. S. Clore (Eds.), Theories of mood and cognition: a user’s guidebook (pp. 85–98). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Forgas, J. P. (Ed.). (2000). Feeling and thinking: the role of affect in social cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gray, J. R. (2001). Emotional modulation of cognitive control: approach-withdrawal states double-dissociate spatial from verbal two-back task performance. Journal of Experiment Psychology: General, 130, 436–452. CrossRef
Gray, J. R. (2004). Integration of emotion and cognitive control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 46–48. CrossRef
Hengstler, M., Holland, R. W., van Steenbergen, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2014). The influence of approach-avoidance motivational orientation on conflict adaptation. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience,. doi: 10.3758/s13415-014-0295-6. (online first).
Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Seifert, J., Gollwitzer, M., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2005). A revised film set for the induction of basic emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 1095–1109. CrossRef
Krohne, H. W., Egloff, B., Kohlmann, C. W., & Tausch, A. (1996). Untersuchungen mit einer deutschen Form der Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Diagnostica, 42, 139–156.
Laux, L., Glanzmann, P., Schaffner, P., & Spielberger, C.D. (1981). Das State- Trait- Angstinventar: Theoretische Grundlagen und Handanweisungen. (The State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory: Theoretical and Practical Issues) Weinheim: Beltz Test GmbH.
Matt, G. E., Vazquez, C., & Campbell, W. K. (1992). Mood-congruent recall of affectively toned stimuli: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 12, 227–255. CrossRef
Mayr, U., Awh, E., & Laurey, P. (2003). Conflict adaptation effects in the absence of executive control. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 450–452. PubMed
Plessow, F., Fischer, R., Kirschbaum, C., & Goschke, T. (2011). Inflexibly focused under stress: acute psychosocial stress increased shielding of action goals at the expense of reduced cognitive flexibility with increasing time-lag to the stressor. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3218–3227. CrossRefPubMed
Rottenberg, J., Ray, R. R., & Gross, J. J. (2007). Emotion elicitation using films. In J. A. Coan & J. J. B. Allen (Eds.), The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment (pp. 9–28). New York: Oxford University Press.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Stroop, J. R. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, 643–662.
Van Steenbergen, H. (2014). Affective modulation of cognitive control: a biobehavioral perspective. In G. Gendolla, M. Tops, S. Koole (Eds.), Biobehavioral Foundations of Self- Regulation. Heidelberg: Springer.
Van Steenbergen, H., Booij, L., Band, G. P. H., Hommel, B., & van der Does, A. J. W. (2012). Affective regulation of conflict-driven control in remitted depressive patients after acute tryptophan depletion. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 280–286. CrossRef
Westermann, R., Spies, K., Stahl, G., & Hesse, F. W. (1996). Relative effectiveness and validity of mood induction procedures: a meta-analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 557–580. CrossRef
Yiend, J. (2010). The effects of emotion on attention: a review of attentional processing of emotional information. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 3–47. CrossRef
- Mood states influence cognitive control: the case of conflict adaptation
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg