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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 3/2008

01-04-2008

Modulation of Response Timing in ADHD, Effects of Reinforcement Valence and Magnitude

Auteurs: Marjolein Luman, Jaap Oosterlaan, Joseph A. Sergeant

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2008

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Abstract

The present study investigated the impact of reinforcement valence and magnitude on response timing in children with ADHD. Children were required to estimate a 1-s interval, and both the median response time (response tendency) and the intrasubject-variability (response stability) were investigated. In addition, heart rate and skin conductance were measured to examine the autonomic responses to reinforcement. Feedback-only trials were compared to low response cost trials (response cost for incorrect responses), low reward trials (reward for correct responses), high response cost and high reward trials. In feedback-only trials, children with ADHD underestimated more severely the interval and responded more variably than controls. Children with ADHD, unlike controls, were unaffected by the reinforcement conditions in terms of time underestimations. The variability of responding, on the other hand, decreased under conditions of reinforcement to a larger extent in children with ADHD than controls. There were no indications that children with ADHD were abnormally affected by the valence or magnitude of reinforcement. Furthermore, skin conductance responses increased when feedback was coupled with reinforcement, an effect which was larger in children with ADHD than controls. This could be interpreted as demonstrating that children with ADHD suffer from a diminished awareness of the significance of feedback in the feedback-only condition. The current study suggests that children with ADHD suffer from motivation problems when reinforcement was not available, at least when variability in responding was measured. Underestimations of time may reflect more stable deficits in ADHD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Modulation of Response Timing in ADHD, Effects of Reinforcement Valence and Magnitude
Auteurs
Marjolein Luman
Jaap Oosterlaan
Joseph A. Sergeant
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9190-8

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