Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

01-10-2005 | Uitgave 5/2005

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2005

Modifying the Affective Behavior of Preschoolers with Autism Using In-Vivo or Video Modeling and Reinforcement Contingencies

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 5/2005
Auteurs:
Angeliki Gena, Sophia Couloura, Effie Kymissis

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to modify the affective behavior of three preschoolers with autism in home settings and in the context of play activities, and to compare the effects of video modeling to the effects of in-vivo modeling in teaching these children contextually appropriate affective responses. A multiple-baseline design across subjects, with a return to baseline condition, was used to assess the effects of treatment that consisted of reinforcement, video modeling, in-vivo modeling, and prompting. During training trials, reinforcement in the form of verbal praise and tokens was delivered contingent upon appropriate affective responding. Error correction procedures differed for each treatment condition. In the in-vivo modeling condition, the therapist used modeling and verbal prompting. In the video modeling condition, video segments of a peer modeling the correct response and verbal prompting by the therapist were used as corrective procedures. Participants received treatment in three categories of affective behavior – sympathy, appreciation, and disapproval – and were presented with a total of 140 different scenarios. The study demonstrated that both treatments – video modeling and in-vivo modeling – systematically increased appropriate affective responding in all response categories for the three participants. Additionally, treatment effects generalized across responses to untrained scenarios, the child’s mother, new therapists, and time.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2005

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2005 Naar de uitgave

OriginalPaper

Ask the Editor