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01-10-2011 | Original paper | Uitgave 10/2011

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2011

Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation in Spain

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 10/2011
Auteurs:
Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Patricia García-Primo, María Victoria Martín-Cilleros, José Santos-Borbujo, Zoila Guisuraga-Fernández, Lorena Herráez-García, María del Mar Herráez-García, Leticia Boada-Muñoz, Joaquín Fuentes-Biggi, Manuel Posada-de la Paz
Belangrijke opmerkingen
On behalf of the MCHAT study (in alphabetical order by surname): Belinchón-Carmona M. (Autonomous University of Madrid); Espinosa A. (Gregorio Marañón University Teaching Hospital); Ferrari-Arroyo MJ. (Madrid Municipal Health Prevention Programs); Franco M. (Zamora Regional Hospital); Hernández J. (ASD Team—Regional Educational Authority); Mar Domingo MJ. (Gregorio Marañón University Teaching Hospital); Martínez-Velarte M. Zamora Regional Hospital); Martínez-Conejo A. (University of Salamanca); Muñoz A. (IRIDIA); Palomo R.(IRIDIA); Parra E. (Gregorio Marañón University Teaching Hospital); Velayos L. (IRIDIA).

Abstract

Early detection and treatment have been shown to be effective in reducing disability severity caused by Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). As Spanish pediatricians have no detection tool, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) was first translated into and culturally adapted to Spanish. Validity and reliability studies were carried out in two different geographical areas of Spain, where M-CHAT was administered to two different samples, namely: 2,480 high- and low-risk children; and 2,055 low-risk children. The results obtained were similar to those yielded by the original M-CHAT studies. Differences were found in positive predictive value, due to the low ASD frequency observed in this study. M-CHAT is still being studied in a large population-based screening program in Spain.

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