Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 5/2007

01-06-2007 | Original Paper

Mode effects in the center for epidemiologic studies depression (CES-D) scale: personal digital assistant vs. paper and pencil administration

Auteurs: Richard J. Swartz, Carl de Moor, Karon F. Cook, Rachel T. Fouladi, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cathy Eng, Cindy L. Carmack Taylor

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 5/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

As interest grows in creating computerized versions of established paper-and-pencil (P&P) questionnaires, it becomes increasingly important to explore whether changing the administration modes of questionnaires affects participants’ responses. This study investigated whether mode effects exist when administering the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale by a personal digital assistant (PDA) versus the classic P&P mode. The Differential Functioning of Items and Tests (DFIT) procedure identified mode effects on the overall test and individual items. A mixed-effects regression model summarized the mode effects in terms of CES-D scores, and identified interactions with covariates. When the P&P questionnaire was administered first, scores were higher on average (2.4–2.8 points) than those of the other administrations (PDA second, PDA first, and P&P second), and all 20 questionnaire items exhibited a statistically significant mode effect. Highly educated people and younger people demonstrated a smaller difference in scores between the two modes. The mode-by-order effect influenced the interpretation of CES-D scores, especially when screening for depression using the established cut-off scores. These results underscore the importance of evaluating the cross-mode equivalence of psychosocial instruments before administering them in non-established modes.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education, Joint Committee on Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (U.S.) (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association. American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education, Joint Committee on Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (U.S.) (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.
2.
go back to reference American Psychological Association (1986). Guidelines for computer-based tests and interpretations. Washington, D.C.: Author. American Psychological Association (1986). Guidelines for computer-based tests and interpretations. Washington, D.C.: Author.
3.
go back to reference Aquilino, W. S. (1998). Effects of interview mode on measuring depression in younger adults. Journal of Official Statistics, 14, 15–29. Aquilino, W. S. (1998). Effects of interview mode on measuring depression in younger adults. Journal of Official Statistics, 14, 15–29.
4.
go back to reference Axelson, D. A., Bertocci, M. A., Lewin, D. S., Trubnick, L. S., Birmaher, B., Williamson, D. E., Ryan, N. D., & Dahl, R. E. (2003). Measuring mood and complex behavior in natural environments: use of ecological momentary assessment in pediatric affective disorders. Journal of Child Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 13, 253–266 CrossRef Axelson, D. A., Bertocci, M. A., Lewin, D. S., Trubnick, L. S., Birmaher, B., Williamson, D. E., Ryan, N. D., & Dahl, R. E. (2003). Measuring mood and complex behavior in natural environments: use of ecological momentary assessment in pediatric affective disorders. Journal of Child Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 13, 253–266 CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Baker, F. B. (1992). Item response theory: parameter estimation techniques. New York: Marcel Dekker. Baker, F. B. (1992). Item response theory: parameter estimation techniques. New York: Marcel Dekker.
6.
go back to reference Bergstrom, B. A. (1996). Computerized adaptive testing for the national certification examination. American Association of Nurse Anesthetists Journal, 64, 119–124. Bergstrom, B. A. (1996). Computerized adaptive testing for the national certification examination. American Association of Nurse Anesthetists Journal, 64, 119–124.
7.
go back to reference Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (1993). Testing structural equation models (p 320). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (1993). Testing structural equation models (p 320). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
8.
go back to reference Chan, K. S., Orlando, M., Ghosh-Dastidar, B., Duan, N. H., & Sherbourne, C. D. (2004). The interview mode effect on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale: an item response theory analysis. Medical Care, 42, 281–289. PubMedCrossRef Chan, K. S., Orlando, M., Ghosh-Dastidar, B., Duan, N. H., & Sherbourne, C. D. (2004). The interview mode effect on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale: an item response theory analysis. Medical Care, 42, 281–289. PubMedCrossRef
9.
go back to reference Dilalla, D. L. (1996). Computerized administration of the multidimensional personality questionnaire. Assessment, 3, 365–374. Dilalla, D. L. (1996). Computerized administration of the multidimensional personality questionnaire. Assessment, 3, 365–374.
10.
go back to reference Donovan, M. A., Drasgow, F., & Probst, T. M. (2000). Does computerizing paper-and-pencil job attitude scales make a difference? New IRT analyses offer insight. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 305–313. PubMedCrossRef Donovan, M. A., Drasgow, F., & Probst, T. M. (2000). Does computerizing paper-and-pencil job attitude scales make a difference? New IRT analyses offer insight. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 305–313. PubMedCrossRef
11.
go back to reference du Toit, M. (Ed.) (2003). IRT from SSI: BILOG-MG, PARSCALE, MULTILOG, and TESTFACT. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International Inc. du Toit, M. (Ed.) (2003). IRT from SSI: BILOG-MG, PARSCALE, MULTILOG, and TESTFACT. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International Inc.
12.
go back to reference Embretson, S. E., Reise, S. P. (2000). Item Response Theory for Psychologists. Mahwah NJ: L Erlbaum Associates. Embretson, S. E., Reise, S. P. (2000). Item Response Theory for Psychologists. Mahwah NJ: L Erlbaum Associates.
13.
go back to reference Ferrando, P. J., & Lorenzo-Seva, U. (2005). IRT-related factor analytic procedures for testing the equivalence of paper-and-pencil and internet-administered questionnaires. Psychological Methods, 10, 193–205. PubMedCrossRef Ferrando, P. J., & Lorenzo-Seva, U. (2005). IRT-related factor analytic procedures for testing the equivalence of paper-and-pencil and internet-administered questionnaires. Psychological Methods, 10, 193–205. PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference Fisher, L., & van Belle, G.(1993). Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences. New York: J. Wiley. Fisher, L., & van Belle, G.(1993). Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences. New York: J. Wiley.
15.
go back to reference Flowers, C. P., Oshima, T. C., & Raju, N. S. (1999). A description and demonstration of the polytomous–DFIT framework. Applied Psychological Measurement, 23, 309–326. CrossRef Flowers, C. P., Oshima, T. C., & Raju, N. S. (1999). A description and demonstration of the polytomous–DFIT framework. Applied Psychological Measurement, 23, 309–326. CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Geerlings, S. W., Beekman, A. T. F., Deeg, D. J. H., van Tilburg, W., & Smit, J. H. (1999). The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a mixed-mode repeated measurements design: sex and age effects in older adults. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 8, 102–109. CrossRef Geerlings, S. W., Beekman, A. T. F., Deeg, D. J. H., van Tilburg, W., & Smit, J. H. (1999). The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a mixed-mode repeated measurements design: sex and age effects in older adults. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 8, 102–109. CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Green, A. S., Rafaeli, E., Bolger, N., Shrout, P. E., & Reis, H. T. (2006). Paper or plastic? Data equivalence in paper and electronic diaries. Psychological Methods, 11, 87–105. Green, A. S., Rafaeli, E., Bolger, N., Shrout, P. E., & Reis, H. T. (2006). Paper or plastic? Data equivalence in paper and electronic diaries. Psychological Methods, 11, 87–105.
18.
go back to reference Hambleton, R. K., Swaminathan, H., & Rogers, H. J. (1991). Fundamentals of item response theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Hambleton, R. K., Swaminathan, H., & Rogers, H. J. (1991). Fundamentals of item response theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
19.
go back to reference Hansen, J. I. C., Neuman, J. L., Haverkamp, B. E., & Lubinski, B. R. (1997). Comparison of user reaction to two methods of strong interest inventory administration and report feedback. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 30, 115–127. Hansen, J. I. C., Neuman, J. L., Haverkamp, B. E., & Lubinski, B. R. (1997). Comparison of user reaction to two methods of strong interest inventory administration and report feedback. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 30, 115–127.
20.
go back to reference Hu, L.-t., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modelling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L.-t., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modelling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Husaini, B. A., Neff, J. A., Harrington, J. B., Hughes, M. D., & Stone, R. H. (1980). Depression in rural communities: validating the CES-D scale. Journal of Community Psychology, 8, 20–27. Husaini, B. A., Neff, J. A., Harrington, J. B., Hughes, M. D., & Stone, R. H. (1980). Depression in rural communities: validating the CES-D scale. Journal of Community Psychology, 8, 20–27.
22.
go back to reference van der Linden, W. J., & Glas, C. A. W. (Eds.) (2000). Computerized Adaptive Testing : Theory and Practice. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. van der Linden, W. J., & Glas, C. A. W. (Eds.) (2000). Computerized Adaptive Testing : Theory and Practice. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
23.
go back to reference Maruyama, G. M. (1998). Basics of structural equation modeling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Maruyama, G. M. (1998). Basics of structural equation modeling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
24.
go back to reference Meijer, R. R., & Nering, M. L. (1999). Computerized adaptive testing: Overview and introduction. Applied Psychological Measurement, 23, 187–194. CrossRef Meijer, R. R., & Nering, M. L. (1999). Computerized adaptive testing: Overview and introduction. Applied Psychological Measurement, 23, 187–194. CrossRef
25.
go back to reference Orlando, M., Sherbourne, C. D., & Thissen, D. (2000). Summed-score linking using item response theory: application to depression measurement. Psychological Assessment, 12, 354–359. PubMedCrossRef Orlando, M., Sherbourne, C. D., & Thissen, D. (2000). Summed-score linking using item response theory: application to depression measurement. Psychological Assessment, 12, 354–359. PubMedCrossRef
26.
go back to reference Parks, B. T., Mead, D. E., & Johnson, B. L. (1985). Validation of a computer administered marital adjustment test. Journal of Marital Family Therapy, 11, 207–210. Parks, B. T., Mead, D. E., & Johnson, B. L. (1985). Validation of a computer administered marital adjustment test. Journal of Marital Family Therapy, 11, 207–210.
27.
go back to reference Pinsoneault, T. B. (1996). Equivalency of computer-assisted and paper-and-pencil administered versions of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2. Computers in Human Behavior, 12, 291–300 CrossRef Pinsoneault, T. B. (1996). Equivalency of computer-assisted and paper-and-pencil administered versions of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2. Computers in Human Behavior, 12, 291–300 CrossRef
28.
go back to reference Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Raju, N. S., van der Linden, W. J., & Fleer, P. F. (1995). IRT-based internal measures of differential functioning of items and tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 19, 353–368. CrossRef Raju, N. S., van der Linden, W. J., & Fleer, P. F. (1995). IRT-based internal measures of differential functioning of items and tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 19, 353–368. CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Rencher, A. C. (1995) Methods of multivariate analysis. New York: Wiley. Rencher, A. C. (1995) Methods of multivariate analysis. New York: Wiley.
31.
go back to reference Roberts, R., & Vernon, S. (1983). The center for epidemiologic studies depression scale: its use in a community sample. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 41–46. PubMed Roberts, R., & Vernon, S. (1983). The center for epidemiologic studies depression scale: its use in a community sample. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 41–46. PubMed
32.
go back to reference Samejima, F. (1969). Estimation of latent ability using a response pattern of graded scores. Psychometrika Monograph Supplement 17, 1–100. Samejima, F. (1969). Estimation of latent ability using a response pattern of graded scores. Psychometrika Monograph Supplement 17, 1–100.
33.
go back to reference Schmitz, N., Hartkamp, N., Brinschwitz, C., & Michalek, S. (1999). Computerized administration of the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-C) in psychosomatic outpatients. Psychiatry Research, 87, 217–221. PubMedCrossRef Schmitz, N., Hartkamp, N., Brinschwitz, C., & Michalek, S. (1999). Computerized administration of the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-C) in psychosomatic outpatients. Psychiatry Research, 87, 217–221. PubMedCrossRef
34.
go back to reference Schwarz, N., & Hippler, H. J. (1995). Subsequent questions may influence answers to preceding questions in mail surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly, 59, 93–97. CrossRef Schwarz, N., & Hippler, H. J. (1995). Subsequent questions may influence answers to preceding questions in mail surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly, 59, 93–97. CrossRef
35.
go back to reference Smyth, J. M., & Stone A. (2003). Ecological momentary assessment research in behavioral medicine. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, 35–52. CrossRef Smyth, J. M., & Stone A. (2003). Ecological momentary assessment research in behavioral medicine. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, 35–52. CrossRef
36.
go back to reference Stone, A. A., Schwartz, J. E., Neale, J. M., Shiffman, S., Marco, C. A., Hickcox, M., Paty, J., Porter, L. S., & Cruise, L. J. (1998). A comparison of coping assessed by ecological momentary assessment and retrospective recall. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1670–1680. PubMedCrossRef Stone, A. A., Schwartz, J. E., Neale, J. M., Shiffman, S., Marco, C. A., Hickcox, M., Paty, J., Porter, L. S., & Cruise, L. J. (1998). A comparison of coping assessed by ecological momentary assessment and retrospective recall. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1670–1680. PubMedCrossRef
37.
go back to reference Stone, A. A., Turkkan, J. S., Bachrach, C. A., Jobe, J. B., Kurtzman, H. S., Cain, V. S. (Eds.) (2000). The science of self-report: implications for research and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Stone, A. A., Turkkan, J. S., Bachrach, C. A., Jobe, J. B., Kurtzman, H. S., Cain, V. S. (Eds.) (2000). The science of self-report: implications for research and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
38.
go back to reference Teresi, J. A., Kleinman, M., & Ocepek-Welikson, K. (2000). Modern psychometric methods for detection of differential item functioning: application to cognitive assessment measures. Statistics in Medicine, 19, 1651–1683. PubMedCrossRef Teresi, J. A., Kleinman, M., & Ocepek-Welikson, K. (2000). Modern psychometric methods for detection of differential item functioning: application to cognitive assessment measures. Statistics in Medicine, 19, 1651–1683. PubMedCrossRef
39.
go back to reference Wainer, H., Dorans, N. J., Eignor, D., Faugher, R., Green, B. F., Mislevy, R. J., Steinberg, L., & Thissen, D. (2000). Computerized adaptive testing: a primer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, NJ. Wainer, H., Dorans, N. J., Eignor, D., Faugher, R., Green, B. F., Mislevy, R. J., Steinberg, L., & Thissen, D. (2000). Computerized adaptive testing: a primer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, NJ.
40.
go back to reference Ware, J. E., Jr., Kosinski, M., Bjorner, J. B., Bayliss, M. S., Batenhorst, A., Dahlof, C. G., Tepper, S., & Dowson, A. (2003). Applications of computerized adaptive testing (CAT) to the assessment of headache impact. Quality of Life Research, 12, 935–952. PubMedCrossRef Ware, J. E., Jr., Kosinski, M., Bjorner, J. B., Bayliss, M. S., Batenhorst, A., Dahlof, C. G., Tepper, S., & Dowson, A. (2003). Applications of computerized adaptive testing (CAT) to the assessment of headache impact. Quality of Life Research, 12, 935–952. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Mode effects in the center for epidemiologic studies depression (CES-D) scale: personal digital assistant vs. paper and pencil administration
Auteurs
Richard J. Swartz
Carl de Moor
Karon F. Cook
Rachel T. Fouladi
Karen Basen-Engquist
Cathy Eng
Cindy L. Carmack Taylor
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2007
Uitgeverij
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 5/2007
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-006-9158-0