Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

08-02-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 7/2019

Mindfulness 7/2019

Mindfulness Meditators Do Not Show Differences in Electrophysiological Measures of Error Processing

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 7/2019
Auteurs:
Neil W. Bailey, Kavya Raj, Gabrielle Freedman, Bernadette M. Fitzgibbon, Nigel C. Rogasch, Nicholas T. Van Dam, Paul B. Fitzgerald
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-019-1096-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

Mindfulness meditation may improve attention and self-regulation. One component of attention and self-regulation that may allow these improvements is performance monitoring. Neural correlates of performance monitoring can be objectively measured with electroencephalogram (EEG) via the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe). Previous research assessing the ERN and Pe in meditators has resulted in inconsistent findings; some have reported alteration in peak amplitudes from both very brief meditation practice and long-term meditation practice, while others have failed to provide evidence for differences in the ERN or Pe. However, recently developed EEG analysis techniques allow for more rigorous analyses than have been used in past investigations.

Methods

The current study measured the ERN and Pe, as well as post-error alpha suppression, during a Go/Nogo task, and emotional and colour Stroop tasks. The measures were compared between 22 experienced meditators (mean of 8 years of practice) and 20 healthy controls.

Results

The results suggested no differences in the ERN, Pe, or post-error alpha suppression (all p > 0.05), even when varying multiple analysis parameters. The study showed equivalent statistical power to previous research, and > 85% power to detect medium effect sizes present in previous research. Bayes Factor analysis indicated the null hypotheses were > 3.5 more likely than any of the alternative hypotheses for the ERN or Pe.

Conclusions

These results suggest that meditation may not alter neural activity related to error processing, despite prior research suggesting that it does.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Extra materiaal
ESM 1 (DOCX 19 kb)
12671_2019_1096_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 7/2019

Mindfulness 7/2019 Naar de uitgave