Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12671-017-0717-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are efficacious and effective for a variety of mental and physical health problems. Mindfulness meditation is a primary therapeutic strategy employed within MBIs and is hypothesized to increase mindfulness and, in turn, lead to positive outcomes. However, evidence in support of mindfulness meditation practice as a key treatment component in MBIs is mixed, in part because little is known about how prescribed meditation practice times and adherence to home-based meditation practice relate to one another and outcomes. The present study evaluated relations among adherence, meditation practice time, and psychiatric symptoms following two 2-week mindfulness meditation interventions: one that prescribed 10-min daily meditation and another that prescribed 20-min daily meditation. Participants (N = 77; female = 56, M age = 20.16; White = 51.9%; African American = 14.3%; Hispanic = 14.3%; Asian = 10.4%; other = 6.5%; multiethnic = 2.6%) also completed daily diaries to assess adherence. Results indicated no significant group difference in total days meditated or overall time spent meditating. Stress declined and mindfulness increased over the 2 weeks for both groups. Despite no difference in adherence, participants in the 20-min group reported larger increases in self-compassion relative to those in the 10-min group. Implications for enhancing adherence within MBIs are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. doi: 10.1037/1040-35188.8.131.52. CrossRef
Crane, C., Crane, R., Eames, C., Fennell, M. J. V., Silverton, S., Williams, J. M. G., & Barnhofer, T. (2014). The effects of amount of home meditation practices in mindfulness based cognitive therapy on hazard of relapse to depression in the staying well after depression trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 63, 17–24. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2014.08.015. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Eifert, G. H., & Forsyth, J. P. (2005). Acceptance & commitment therapy for anxiety disorders: A practitioner’s treatment guide to using mindfulness, acceptance, and values-based behavior change strategies. Oakland: New Harbinger.
Gotink, R. A., Chu, P., Busschbach, J. J. V., Benson, H., Fricchione, G. L., & Hunink, M. G. M. (2015). Standardised mindfulness-based interventions in healthcare: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of RCTs. PloS One, 10, e0124344. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124344. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2012). Acceptance and commitment therapy, second edition: The process and practice of mindful change. New York: The Guilford Press.
Huffziger, S., Ebner-Priemer, U., Eisenbach, C., Koudela, S., Reinhard, I., Zamoscik, V., et al. (2013). Induced ruminative and mindful attention in everyday life: An experimental ambulatory assessment study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 44, 322–328. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.01.007. CrossRefPubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Random House.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2002). Sitting meditation. On Guided mindfulness meditation: Series 1 [CD]. Boulder: Sounds True.
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: The Guilford Press.
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales (2nd ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation of Australia.
Nyklíček, I., & Kuijpers, K. F. (2008). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on psychological well-being and quality of life: Is increased mindfulness indeed the mechanism? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 331–340. doi: 10.1007/s12160-008-9030-2. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Primakoff, L., Epstein, N., & Covi, L. (1986). Homework compliance: an uncontrolled variable in cognitive therapy outcome research. Behavior Therapy, 17, 433–446. CrossRef
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: The Guilford Press.
Taylor, S. (2000). Understanding and treating panic disorder: cognitive-behavioural approaches. New York: Wiley.
Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 23, 198–225. doi: 10.1891/0889-83184.108.40.206. CrossRef
Zayfert, C., & Black, C. B. (2000). Implementation of empirically supported treatment for PTSD: obstacles and innovation. The Behavior Therapist, 23(161–162), 164–168.
- Mindfulness Meditation Adherence in a College Sample: Comparison of a 10-Min Versus 20-Min 2-Week Daily Practice
Christopher R. Berghoff
Linnie E. Wheeless
Timothy R. Ritzert
Cody M. Wooley
John P. Forsyth
- Springer US