Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Contemplative practices have long emphasized the development of mindfulness: a skill that involves present-focused attention and nonjudgmental acceptance of experiences. In the current study, we examine the relationship between these two facets of mindfulness—which are independent in novices—and helping behavior and its emotional correlates. Attention and acceptance each predicted self-reported engagement in real-world helping behavior. Additionally, present-focused attention predicted increased positive emotions during helping—such as love/closeness, moral elevation, and joy—but did not predict negative emotions. By contrast, nonjudgmental acceptance predicted decreased negative emotions during helping—such as stress, disgust, and guilt—but did not predict positive emotions. When helping others, it appears to take two processes—attention and acceptance—to support our intention and reap the richest emotional consequences.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Algoe, S. B. (2012). Find, remind, and bind: the functions of gratitude in everyday relationships. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6, 455–469. CrossRef
Batson, C. D. (2011). Altruism in humans. New York: Oxford University Press.
Batson, C. D., Polycarpou, M. P., Harmon-Jones, E., Imhoff, H. J., Mitchener, E. C., Bednar, L. L., Klein, T. R., & Highberger, L. (1997). Empathy and attitudes: can feeling for a member of a stigmatized group improve feelings toward that group? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 105–118. CrossRefPubMed
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L. E., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241.
Brewer, J. A., Worhunsky, P. D., Gray, J. R., Tang, Y. Y., Weber, J., & Kober, H. (2011). Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 20254–20259. CrossRef
Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 211–237. CrossRef
Bryant, F. B. (2003). Savoring Beliefs Inventory (SBI): a scale for measuring beliefs about savoring. Journal of Mental Health, 12, 175–196. CrossRef
Coffey, K. A., Hartman, M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Deconstructing mindfulness and constructing mental health: understanding mindfulness and its mechanisms of action. Mindfulness, 1, 235–253. CrossRef
Condon, P., & DeSteno, D. (2010). Compassion for one reduces punishment for another. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 698–701. CrossRef
Dalai Lama, T. G., & Ekman, P. (2008). Emotional awareness: overcoming the obstacles to psychological balance and compassion: a conversation between the Dalai Lama and Paul Ekman. New York: Times Books/Henry Holt.
Decety, J. (2011). Dissecting the neural mechanisms mediating empathy. Emotion Review, 3, 92–108. CrossRef
Dekeyser, M., Raes, F., Leijssen, M., Leysen, S., & Dewulf, D. (2008). Mindfulness skills and interpersonal behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1235–1245. CrossRef
Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Positive emotions broaden and build. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 1–53. CrossRef
Garland, E., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Mindfulness broadens awareness and builds meaning at the attention-emotion interface. In T. B. Kashdan & J. Ciarrochi (Eds.), Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: the seven foundations of well-being (pp. 30–67). Oakland: New Harbinger Publications.
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54. CrossRef
Isen, A. M. (1987). Positive affect, cognitive processes, and social behavior. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 20, 203–253. CrossRef
Klimecki, O., & Singer, T. (2012). Empathic distress fatigue rather than compassion fatigue? Integrating findings from empathy research in psychology and social neuroscience. In B. Oakley, A. Knafo, G. Madhavan, & D. S. Wilson (Eds.), Pathological altruism (pp. 368–383). New York: Oxford University Press.
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
Oppenheimer, D. M., Meyvis, T., & Davidenko, N. (2009). Instructional manipulation checks: detecting satisficing to increase statistical power. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 867–872. CrossRef
Preston, S. D., & de Waal, F. B. (2002). Empathy: its ultimate and proximate bases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25, 1–20. PubMed
Quoidback, J., Berry, E. V., Hansenne, M., & Mikolajczak, M. (2010). Positive emotion regulation and wellbeing: comparing the impact of eight savoring and dampening strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 368–373. CrossRef
- Mindfulness Facets Predict Helping Behavior and Distinct Helping-Related Emotions
C. Daryl Cameron
Barbara L. Fredrickson
- Springer US