Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 2/2016

14-09-2015 | REVIEW

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Older Adults: a Review of the Effects on Physical and Emotional Well-Being

Auteurs: Paul J. Geiger, Ian A. Boggero, C. Alex Brake, Carolina A. Caldera, Hannah L. Combs, Jessica R. Peters, Ruth A. Baer

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 2/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This comprehensive review examined the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on the physical and emotional well-being of older adults, a rapidly growing segment of the general population. Search procedures yielded 15 treatment outcome studies meeting inclusion criteria. Support was found for the feasibility and acceptability of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults. Physical and emotional well-being outcome variables offered mixed support for the use of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults. Potential explanations of mixed findings may include methodological flaws, study limitations, and inconsistent modifications of protocols. These are discussed in detail and future avenues of research are discussed, emphasizing the need to incorporate geriatric populations into future mindfulness-based empirical research.
Literatuur
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., & Allen, K. A. (2004). Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: the Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Assessment, 11, 191–206. CrossRefPubMed Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., & Allen, K. A. (2004). Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: the Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Assessment, 11, 191–206. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45. CrossRefPubMed Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., Walsh, E., Duggan, D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2008). Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15, 329–342. CrossRefPubMed Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., Walsh, E., Duggan, D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2008). Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15, 329–342. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Ball, R., & Ranieri, W. F. (1996). Comparison of beck depression inventories-IA and -II in psychiatric outpatients.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 67, 588–597. Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Ball, R., & Ranieri, W. F. (1996). Comparison of beck depression inventories-IA and -II in psychiatric outpatients.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 67, 588–597.
go back to reference Beekman, A. T. F., Bremmer, M. A., Deeg, D. J. H., Van Balkom, A. J. L. M., Smit, J. H., De Beurs, E., Van Dyck, R., & Van Tilburg, W. (1998). Anxiety disorders in later life: a report from the longitudinal aging study Amsterdam. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13, 717–726. CrossRefPubMed Beekman, A. T. F., Bremmer, M. A., Deeg, D. J. H., Van Balkom, A. J. L. M., Smit, J. H., De Beurs, E., Van Dyck, R., & Van Tilburg, W. (1998). Anxiety disorders in later life: a report from the longitudinal aging study Amsterdam. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13, 717–726. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Berkman, L. F., & Syme, S. L. (1994). Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. In A. Steptoe & J. Wardle (Eds.), Psychosocial processes and health: a reader (pp. 43–67). New York: Cambridge University Press. Berkman, L. F., & Syme, S. L. (1994). Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. In A. Steptoe & J. Wardle (Eds.), Psychosocial processes and health: a reader (pp. 43–67). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Berntsen, D., & Rubin, D. C. (2006). The centrality of event scale: a measure of integrating a trauma into one’s identity and its relation to post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 219–231. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Berntsen, D., & Rubin, D. C. (2006). The centrality of event scale: a measure of integrating a trauma into one’s identity and its relation to post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 219–231. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Biegel, G. M., Brown, K. W., Shapiro, S. L., & Schubert, C. M. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 77, 855–866. CrossRefPubMed Biegel, G. M., Brown, K. W., Shapiro, S. L., & Schubert, C. M. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 77, 855–866. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Blanchard-Fields, F. (2007). Everyday problem solving and emotion: an adult developmental perspective. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 26–31. CrossRef Blanchard-Fields, F. (2007). Everyday problem solving and emotion: an adult developmental perspective. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 26–31. CrossRef
go back to reference Bohlmeijer, E., Prenger, R., Taal, E., & Cuijpers, P. (2010). The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68, 539–544. CrossRefPubMed Bohlmeijer, E., Prenger, R., Taal, E., & Cuijpers, P. (2010). The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68, 539–544. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Broderick, P. C., Kabat-Zinn, M., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Learning to breathe: a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to cultivate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications. Broderick, P. C., Kabat-Zinn, M., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Learning to breathe: a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to cultivate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications.
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. CrossRefPubMed Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F. 3rd., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research.  Psychiatry Research, 28, 193–213. Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F. 3rd., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research.  Psychiatry Research, 28, 193–213.
go back to reference Carstensen, L. L., Isaacowitz, D. M., & Charles, S. T. (1999). Taking time seriously: a theory of socioemotional selectivity. American Psychologist, 54, 165–181. CrossRefPubMed Carstensen, L. L., Isaacowitz, D. M., & Charles, S. T. (1999). Taking time seriously: a theory of socioemotional selectivity. American Psychologist, 54, 165–181. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cassel, J. (1990). The contribution of the social environment to host resistance. In R. E. Omstein & C. Swencionis (Eds.), The healing brain: A scientific reader (pp. 31–42). New York, NY: Guilford Press. Cassel, J. (1990). The contribution of the social environment to host resistance. In R. E. Omstein & C. Swencionis (Eds.), The healing brain: A scientific reader (pp. 31–42). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). The state of aging and health in America. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). The state of aging and health in America. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services.
go back to reference Charles, S. T. (2010). Strength and vulnerability integration: A model of emotional well-being across adulthood. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 1068–1091. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Charles, S. T. (2010). Strength and vulnerability integration: A model of emotional well-being across adulthood. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 1068–1091. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cheavens, J. S., Strunk, D. R., Lazarus, S. A., & Goldstein, L. A. (2012). The compensation and capitalization models: a test of two approaches to individualizing the treatment of depression. Behaviour research and therapy, 50, 699–706. CrossRefPubMed Cheavens, J. S., Strunk, D. R., Lazarus, S. A., & Goldstein, L. A. (2012). The compensation and capitalization models: a test of two approaches to individualizing the treatment of depression. Behaviour research and therapy, 50, 699–706. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2011). Mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: a systematic review of the evidence. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17, 83–93. CrossRefPubMed Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2011). Mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: a systematic review of the evidence. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17, 83–93. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chiesa, A., Calati, R., & Serretti, A. (2011). Does mindfulness training improve cognitive abilities? A systematic review of neuropsychological findings. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 449–464. CrossRefPubMed Chiesa, A., Calati, R., & Serretti, A. (2011). Does mindfulness training improve cognitive abilities? A systematic review of neuropsychological findings. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 449–464. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386–396. CrossRef Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386–396. CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, S. W., Hawkley, L. C., Arevalo, J. M., Sung, C. Y., Rose, R. M., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2007). Social regulation of gene expression in human leukocytes. Genome Biology, 8, R189–R189.13. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Cole, S. W., Hawkley, L. C., Arevalo, J. M., Sung, C. Y., Rose, R. M., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2007). Social regulation of gene expression in human leukocytes. Genome Biology, 8, R189–R189.13. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Creswell, J. D., Irwin, M. R., Burklund, L. J., Lieberman, M. D., Arevalo, J. M. G., Ma, J., Breen, E. C., & Cole, S. W. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 26, 1095–1101. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Creswell, J. D., Irwin, M. R., Burklund, L. J., Lieberman, M. D., Arevalo, J. M. G., Ma, J., Breen, E. C., & Cole, S. W. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 26, 1095–1101. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cullen, D. L., & Rodak, B. (2002). Clinical utility of measures of breathlessness. Respiratory Care, 47, 986–993. Cullen, D. L., & Rodak, B. (2002). Clinical utility of measures of breathlessness. Respiratory Care, 47, 986–993.
go back to reference de Frias, C. M. (2013). Memory compensation in older adults: the role of health, emotion regulation, and trait mindfulness. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69, 678–685. CrossRef de Frias, C. M. (2013). Memory compensation in older adults: the role of health, emotion regulation, and trait mindfulness. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69, 678–685. CrossRef
go back to reference de Frias, C. M., & Whyne, E. (2015). Stress on health-related quality of life in older adults: the protective nature of mindfulness. Aging & Mental Health, 19, 201–206. CrossRef de Frias, C. M., & Whyne, E. (2015). Stress on health-related quality of life in older adults: the protective nature of mindfulness. Aging & Mental Health, 19, 201–206. CrossRef
go back to reference Ernst, S., Welke, J., Heintze, C., Gabriel, R., Zollner, A., Kiehne, S., Schwantes, U., & Esch, T. (2008). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on quality of life in nursing home residents: a feasibility study. Forschende Komplementarmedizin, 15, 74–81. CrossRefPubMed Ernst, S., Welke, J., Heintze, C., Gabriel, R., Zollner, A., Kiehne, S., Schwantes, U., & Esch, T. (2008). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on quality of life in nursing home residents: a feasibility study. Forschende Komplementarmedizin, 15, 74–81. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fan, J., McCandliss, B. D., Sommer, T., Raz, A., & Posner, M. I. (2002). Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 340–347. CrossRefPubMed Fan, J., McCandliss, B. D., Sommer, T., Raz, A., & Posner, M. I. (2002). Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 340–347. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Feldman, G., Hayes, A., Kumar, S., Greeson, J., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2007). Mindfulness and emotion regulation: the development and initial validation of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29, 177–190. CrossRef Feldman, G., Hayes, A., Kumar, S., Greeson, J., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2007). Mindfulness and emotion regulation: the development and initial validation of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29, 177–190. CrossRef
go back to reference Fiocco, A. J., & Mallya, S. (2015). The importance of cultivating mindfulness for cognitive and emotional well-being in late life. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 20, 35–40. CrossRef Fiocco, A. J., & Mallya, S. (2015). The importance of cultivating mindfulness for cognitive and emotional well-being in late life. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 20, 35–40. CrossRef
go back to reference Foulk, M. A., Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Kavanagh, J., Robinson, E., & Kales, H. C. (2014). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with older adults: an exploratory study. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 498–520. CrossRefPubMed Foulk, M. A., Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Kavanagh, J., Robinson, E., & Kales, H. C. (2014). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with older adults: an exploratory study. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 498–520. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Galer, B. S., & Jensen, M. P. (1997). Development and preliminary validation of a pain measure specific to neuropathic pain: the Neuropathic Pain Scale. Neurology, 48, 332–338. CrossRefPubMed Galer, B. S., & Jensen, M. P. (1997). Development and preliminary validation of a pain measure specific to neuropathic pain: the Neuropathic Pain Scale. Neurology, 48, 332–338. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gallegos, A. M., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N. L., Kransner, M. S., Knight, J. M., Moynihan, J. A., & Duberstein, P. R. (2013a). Toward identifying the effects of the specific components of mindfulness-based stress reduction on biologic and emotional outcomes among older adults. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10, 787–792. CrossRef Gallegos, A. M., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N. L., Kransner, M. S., Knight, J. M., Moynihan, J. A., & Duberstein, P. R. (2013a). Toward identifying the effects of the specific components of mindfulness-based stress reduction on biologic and emotional outcomes among older adults. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10, 787–792. CrossRef
go back to reference Gallegos, A. M., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N. L., Moynihan, J. A., & Duberstein, P. R. (2013b). Emotional benefits of mindfulness-based stress reduction in older adults: the moderating role of age and depressive symptom severity. Aging and Mental Health, 17, 823–829. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Gallegos, A. M., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N. L., Moynihan, J. A., & Duberstein, P. R. (2013b). Emotional benefits of mindfulness-based stress reduction in older adults: the moderating role of age and depressive symptom severity. Aging and Mental Health, 17, 823–829. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gard, T., Holzel, B. K., & Lazar, S. W. (2014). The potential effect of meditation on age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307, 89–103. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Gard, T., Holzel, B. K., & Lazar, S. W. (2014). The potential effect of meditation on age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307, 89–103. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 35–43. CrossRefPubMed Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 35–43. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hays, R. D., Prince-Embury, S., & Chen, H. Y. (1998). RAND-36 Health Status Inventory. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Hays, R. D., Prince-Embury, S., & Chen, H. Y. (1998). RAND-36 Health Status Inventory. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Henry, J. D., & Crawford, J. R. (2005). The short form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 227–239. CrossRefPubMed Henry, J. D., & Crawford, J. R. (2005). The short form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 227–239. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hoffmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183. CrossRef Hoffmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183. CrossRef
go back to reference Hohaus, L. C., & Spark, J. (2013). Getting better with age: do mindfulness & psychological well-being improve in old age? European Psychiatry, 28, 1–1. CrossRef Hohaus, L. C., & Spark, J. (2013). Getting better with age: do mindfulness & psychological well-being improve in old age? European Psychiatry, 28, 1–1. CrossRef
go back to reference Jacobs, S., Mazure, C., & Prigerson, H. (2000). Diagnostic criteria of complicated grief. Death Studies, 24, 185–199. CrossRefPubMed Jacobs, S., Mazure, C., & Prigerson, H. (2000). Diagnostic criteria of complicated grief. Death Studies, 24, 185–199. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jenkins, C. D., Stanton, B. A., Niemcryk, S. J., & Rose, R. M. (1988). A scale for the estimation of sleep problems in clinical research. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 41, 313–321. CrossRefPubMed Jenkins, C. D., Stanton, B. A., Niemcryk, S. J., & Rose, R. M. (1988). A scale for the estimation of sleep problems in clinical research. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 41, 313–321. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jha, A. P., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. J. (2007). Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 109–119. CrossRef Jha, A. P., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. J. (2007). Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 109–119. CrossRef
go back to reference Jones, P. W., Quirk, F. H., Baveystock, C. M., & Littlejohns, P. (1992). A self-complete measure of health status for chronic airflow limitation: the St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 145, 1321–1327. CrossRefPubMed Jones, P. W., Quirk, F. H., Baveystock, C. M., & Littlejohns, P. (1992). A self-complete measure of health status for chronic airflow limitation: the St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 145, 1321–1327. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78, 519–528. CrossRefPubMed Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78, 519–528. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Fortin, G., Masse, M., Therien, P., Bouchard, V., Chapleau, M., Paquin, K., & Hofmann, S. G. (2013). Mindfulness-based therapy: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 763–771. CrossRefPubMed Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Fortin, G., Masse, M., Therien, P., Bouchard, V., Chapleau, M., Paquin, K., & Hofmann, S. G. (2013). Mindfulness-based therapy: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 763–771. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kristeller, J. L., & Hallett, C. B. (1999). An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for binge eating disorder. Journal of health psychology, 4, 357–363. CrossRefPubMed Kristeller, J. L., & Hallett, C. B. (1999). An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for binge eating disorder. Journal of health psychology, 4, 357–363. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lampinen, P., Heikkinen, R. L., & Heikkinen, E. (2006). Activity as a predictor of mental well-being among older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 10, 454–466. CrossRef Lampinen, P., Heikkinen, R. L., & Heikkinen, E. (2006). Activity as a predictor of mental well-being among older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 10, 454–466. CrossRef
go back to reference Lavretsky, H., Epel, E. S., Siddarth, P., Nazarian, N., Cyr, N. S., Khalsa, D. S., Lin, J., Blackburn, E., & Irwin, M. R. (2013). A pilot study of yogic meditation for family dementia caregivers with depressive symptoms: effects on mental health, cognition, and telomerase activity. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28, 57–65. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lavretsky, H., Epel, E. S., Siddarth, P., Nazarian, N., Cyr, N. S., Khalsa, D. S., Lin, J., Blackburn, E., & Irwin, M. R. (2013). A pilot study of yogic meditation for family dementia caregivers with depressive symptoms: effects on mental health, cognition, and telomerase activity. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28, 57–65. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lenze, E. J., Hickman, S., Hershey, T., Wendleton, L., Ly, K., Dixon, D., Dore, P., & Wetherell, J. L. (2014). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for older adults with worry symptoms and co-occurring cognitive dysfunction. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29, 991–1000. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lenze, E. J., Hickman, S., Hershey, T., Wendleton, L., Ly, K., Dixon, D., Dore, P., & Wetherell, J. L. (2014). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for older adults with worry symptoms and co-occurring cognitive dysfunction. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29, 991–1000. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Levinson, D. B., Smallwood, J., & Davidson, R. J. (2012). The persistence of thought evidence for a role of working memory in the maintenance of task-unrelated thinking. Psychological Science, 23(4), 375–380. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Levinson, D. B., Smallwood, J., & Davidson, R. J. (2012). The persistence of thought evidence for a role of working memory in the maintenance of task-unrelated thinking. Psychological Science, 23(4), 375–380. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lorr, M., McNair, D. M., Heuchert, J. W. P., & Droppleman, L. F. (2003). Profile of mood states-brief. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc. Lorr, M., McNair, D. M., Heuchert, J. W. P., & Droppleman, L. F. (2003). Profile of mood states-brief. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
go back to reference Martins, C. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for older adults: evidence for practice. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Martins, C. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for older adults: evidence for practice. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
go back to reference Mather, M., & Knight, M. (2005). Goal-directed memory: the role of cognitive control in older adults’ emotional memory. Psychology and Aging, 20, 554–570. CrossRefPubMed Mather, M., & Knight, M. (2005). Goal-directed memory: the role of cognitive control in older adults’ emotional memory. Psychology and Aging, 20, 554–570. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McBee, L. (2008). Mindfulness-based elder care: a cam model for frail elders and their caregivers. New York: Springer Publishing Company. McBee, L. (2008). Mindfulness-based elder care: a cam model for frail elders and their caregivers. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
go back to reference McCracken, L. M., Vowles, K. E., & Eccleston, C. (2004). Acceptance of chronic pain: component analysis and a revised assessment method. Pain, 107, 159–166. CrossRefPubMed McCracken, L. M., Vowles, K. E., & Eccleston, C. (2004). Acceptance of chronic pain: component analysis and a revised assessment method. Pain, 107, 159–166. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mohlman, J., Gorenstein, E. E., Kleber, M., de Jesus, M., Gorman, J. M., & Papp, L. A. (2003). Standard and enhanced cognitive-behavior therapy for late-life generalized anxiety disorder: two pilot investigations. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11, 24–32. PubMed Mohlman, J., Gorenstein, E. E., Kleber, M., de Jesus, M., Gorman, J. M., & Papp, L. A. (2003). Standard and enhanced cognitive-behavior therapy for late-life generalized anxiety disorder: two pilot investigations. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11, 24–32. PubMed
go back to reference Mollica, R. F., Caspi-Yavin, Y., Bollini, P., & Truong, T. (1992). The Harvard trauma questionnaire: validating a cross-cultural Instrument for measuring torture, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder in Indochinese refugees. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 180, 111–116. CrossRefPubMed Mollica, R. F., Caspi-Yavin, Y., Bollini, P., & Truong, T. (1992). The Harvard trauma questionnaire: validating a cross-cultural Instrument for measuring torture, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder in Indochinese refugees. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 180, 111–116. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Morone, N. E., Greco, C. M., & Weiner, D. K. (2008). Mindfulness meditation for the treatment of chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot study. Pain, 134, 310–319. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Morone, N. E., Greco, C. M., & Weiner, D. K. (2008). Mindfulness meditation for the treatment of chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot study. Pain, 134, 310–319. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Morone, N. E., Rollman, B. L., Moore, C. G., Qin, L., & Weiner, D. K. (2009). A mind-body program for older adults with chronic low back pain: results of a pilot study. Pain Medicine, 10, 1395–1407. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Morone, N. E., Rollman, B. L., Moore, C. G., Qin, L., & Weiner, D. K. (2009). A mind-body program for older adults with chronic low back pain: results of a pilot study. Pain Medicine, 10, 1395–1407. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Moynihan, J. A., Chapman, B. P., Klorman, R., Krasner, M. S., Duberstein, P. R., Brown, K. W., & Talbot, N. L. (2013). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for older adults: effects on executive function, frontal alpha asymmetry, and immune function. Neuropsychobiology, 68, 34–43. CrossRefPubMed Moynihan, J. A., Chapman, B. P., Klorman, R., Krasner, M. S., Duberstein, P. R., Brown, K. W., & Talbot, N. L. (2013). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for older adults: effects on executive function, frontal alpha asymmetry, and immune function. Neuropsychobiology, 68, 34–43. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mularski, R. A., Munjas, B. A., Lorenz, K. A., Sun, S., Robertson, S. J., Schmelzer, W., Kim, A. C., & Shekelle, P. G. (2009). Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based therapy for dyspnea in chronic obstructive lung disease. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15, 1083–1090. CrossRefPubMed Mularski, R. A., Munjas, B. A., Lorenz, K. A., Sun, S., Robertson, S. J., Schmelzer, W., Kim, A. C., & Shekelle, P. G. (2009). Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based therapy for dyspnea in chronic obstructive lung disease. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15, 1083–1090. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Jackson, B. (2001). Mediators of the gender difference in rumination. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 25, 37–47. CrossRef Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Jackson, B. (2001). Mediators of the gender difference in rumination. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 25, 37–47. CrossRef
go back to reference O’Connor, M., Piet, J., & Hougaard, E. (2014). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depressive symptoms in elderly bereaved people with loss-related distress: a controlled pilot study. Mindfulness, 5, 400–409. CrossRef O’Connor, M., Piet, J., & Hougaard, E. (2014). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depressive symptoms in elderly bereaved people with loss-related distress: a controlled pilot study. Mindfulness, 5, 400–409. CrossRef
go back to reference Palta, P., Page, G., Piferi, R. L., Gill, J. M., Hayat, M. J., Connolly, A. B., & Szanton, S. L. (2012). Evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention program to decrease blood pressure in low-income African-american older adults. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 89, 308–316. CrossRef Palta, P., Page, G., Piferi, R. L., Gill, J. M., Hayat, M. J., Connolly, A. B., & Szanton, S. L. (2012). Evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention program to decrease blood pressure in low-income African-american older adults. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 89, 308–316. CrossRef
go back to reference Persson, J., Nyberg, L., Lind, J., Larsson, A., Nilsson, L., Ingvar, M., & Buckner, R. L. (2006). Structure-function correlates of cognitive decline in aging. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 907–915. CrossRefPubMed Persson, J., Nyberg, L., Lind, J., Larsson, A., Nilsson, L., Ingvar, M., & Buckner, R. L. (2006). Structure-function correlates of cognitive decline in aging. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 907–915. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Portenoy, R. K., Thaler, H. T., Kornblith, A. B., McCarthy Lepore, J., Friedlander-Klar, H., Kiyasu, E., Sobel, K., Coyle, N., Kemeny, N., Norton, L., & Scher, H. (1994). The memorial symptom assessment scale: an instrument for the evaluation of symptom prevalence, characteristics, and distress. European Journal of Cancer, 30, 1326–1336. CrossRef Portenoy, R. K., Thaler, H. T., Kornblith, A. B., McCarthy Lepore, J., Friedlander-Klar, H., Kiyasu, E., Sobel, K., Coyle, N., Kemeny, N., Norton, L., & Scher, H. (1994). The memorial symptom assessment scale: an instrument for the evaluation of symptom prevalence, characteristics, and distress. European Journal of Cancer, 30, 1326–1336. CrossRef
go back to reference Prakash, R., Rastogi, P., Dubey, I., Abhishek, P., Chaudhury, S., & Small, B. J. (2012). Long-term concentrative meditation and cognitive performance among older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition: A Journal on Normal and Dysfunctional Development, 19, 479–494. CrossRef Prakash, R., Rastogi, P., Dubey, I., Abhishek, P., Chaudhury, S., & Small, B. J. (2012). Long-term concentrative meditation and cognitive performance among older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition: A Journal on Normal and Dysfunctional Development, 19, 479–494. CrossRef
go back to reference Prigerson, H. G., Maciejewski, P. K., Reynolds, C. F. I., Bierhals, A. J., Newsom, J. T., Fasiczka, A., et al. (1995). Inventory of complicated grief: a scale to measure maladaptive symptoms of loss. Psychiatry Research, 59, 65–79. CrossRefPubMed Prigerson, H. G., Maciejewski, P. K., Reynolds, C. F. I., Bierhals, A. J., Newsom, J. T., Fasiczka, A., et al. (1995). Inventory of complicated grief: a scale to measure maladaptive symptoms of loss. Psychiatry Research, 59, 65–79. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Raes, A. K., Bruyneel, L., Loeys, T., Moerkerke, B., & De Raedt, R. (2015). Mindful attention and awareness mediate the association between age and negative affect. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70B, 181–190. Raes, A. K., Bruyneel, L., Loeys, T., Moerkerke, B., & De Raedt, R. (2015). Mindful attention and awareness mediate the association between age and negative affect. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70B, 181–190.
go back to reference Reed, A. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2012). The theory behind the age-related positivity effect. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 1–9. CrossRef Reed, A. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2012). The theory behind the age-related positivity effect. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 1–9. CrossRef
go back to reference Riediger, M., Schmiedek, F., Wagner, G. G., & Lindenberger, U. (2009). Seeking pleasure and seeking pain: differences in prohedonic and contra-hedonic motivation from adolescence to old age. Psychological Science, 20, 1529–1535. CrossRefPubMed Riediger, M., Schmiedek, F., Wagner, G. G., & Lindenberger, U. (2009). Seeking pleasure and seeking pain: differences in prohedonic and contra-hedonic motivation from adolescence to old age. Psychological Science, 20, 1529–1535. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Roland, M., & Morris, R. (1983). The study of the natural history of back pain. Part I: development of a reliable and sensitive measure of disability in low-back pain. Spine, 8, 141–144. CrossRefPubMed Roland, M., & Morris, R. (1983). The study of the natural history of back pain. Part I: development of a reliable and sensitive measure of disability in low-back pain. Spine, 8, 141–144. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Russell, D., Peplau, L. A., & Cutrona, C. E. (1980). The revised UCLA loneliness scale: concurrent and discriminant validity evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472–480. CrossRefPubMed Russell, D., Peplau, L. A., & Cutrona, C. E. (1980). The revised UCLA loneliness scale: concurrent and discriminant validity evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472–480. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Seitz, D., Purandare, N., & Conn, D. (2010). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among older adults in long-term care homes: a systematic review. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 1025–1039. CrossRefPubMed Seitz, D., Purandare, N., & Conn, D. (2010). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among older adults in long-term care homes: a systematic review. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 1025–1039. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Selim, A. J., Ren, X. S., Fincke, G., Rogers, W., Lee, A., & Kazis, L. (1997). A symptom-based measure of the severity of chronic lung disease: results from the veterans health study. Chest, 111, 1607–1614. CrossRefPubMed Selim, A. J., Ren, X. S., Fincke, G., Rogers, W., Lee, A., & Kazis, L. (1997). A symptom-based measure of the severity of chronic lung disease: results from the veterans health study. Chest, 111, 1607–1614. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Semple, R. J., & Lee, J. (2011). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxious children: a manual for treating childhood anxiety. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications. Semple, R. J., & Lee, J. (2011). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxious children: a manual for treating childhood anxiety. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications.
go back to reference Shallcross, A. J., Ford, B. Q., Floerke, V. A., & Mauss, I. B. (2013). Getting better with age: the relationship between age, acceptance, and negative affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 734–749. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Shallcross, A. J., Ford, B. Q., Floerke, V. A., & Mauss, I. B. (2013). Getting better with age: the relationship between age, acceptance, and negative affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 734–749. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Smith, A. (2006). ‘Like waking up from a dream’: mindfulness training for older people with anxiety and depression. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician's guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 191–215). San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press. CrossRef Smith, A. (2006). ‘Like waking up from a dream’: mindfulness training for older people with anxiety and depression. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician's guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 191–215). San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Splevins, K., Smith, A., & Simpson, J. (2009). Do improvements in emotional distress correlate with becoming more mindful? A study of older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 13, 328–335. CrossRefPubMed Splevins, K., Smith, A., & Simpson, J. (2009). Do improvements in emotional distress correlate with becoming more mindful? A study of older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 13, 328–335. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Stanley, M. A., Diefenbach, G. J., Hopko, D. R., Novy, D., Kunik, M. E., Wilson, N., & Wagener, P. (2003). The nature of generalized anxiety disorder in older primary care patients: preliminary findings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 25, 273–280. CrossRef Stanley, M. A., Diefenbach, G. J., Hopko, D. R., Novy, D., Kunik, M. E., Wilson, N., & Wagener, P. (2003). The nature of generalized anxiety disorder in older primary care patients: preliminary findings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 25, 273–280. CrossRef
go back to reference Stanley, M. A., Wilson, N. L., Novy, D. M., Rhoades, H. M., Wagener, P. D., Greisinger, A. J., Cully, J. A., & Kunik, M. E. (2009). Cognitive behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder among older adults in primary care: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 301, 1460–1467. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Stanley, M. A., Wilson, N. L., Novy, D. M., Rhoades, H. M., Wagener, P. D., Greisinger, A. J., Cully, J. A., & Kunik, M. E. (2009). Cognitive behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder among older adults in primary care: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 301, 1460–1467. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Sutcliffe, C., Cordingly, L., Burns, A., Mozley, C. G., Bagley, H., Huxley, P., & Challis, D. (2000). A new version of the geriatric depression scale for nursing and residential home populations: the geriatric depression scale (residential) (GDS-12R). International Psychogeriatrics, 12, 173–181. CrossRefPubMed Sutcliffe, C., Cordingly, L., Burns, A., Mozley, C. G., Bagley, H., Huxley, P., & Challis, D. (2000). A new version of the geriatric depression scale for nursing and residential home populations: the geriatric depression scale (residential) (GDS-12R). International Psychogeriatrics, 12, 173–181. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Teixeira, E. (2010). The effect of mindfulness meditation on painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy in adults older than 50 years. Holistic Nursing Practice, 24, 277–283. CrossRefPubMed Teixeira, E. (2010). The effect of mindfulness meditation on painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy in adults older than 50 years. Holistic Nursing Practice, 24, 277–283. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Urry, H. L., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Emotion regulation in older age. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 352–357. CrossRef Urry, H. L., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Emotion regulation in older age. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 352–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Dam, N. T., & Earleywine, M. (2011). Validation of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised (CESD-R): pragmatic depression assessment in the general population. Psychiatry Research, 186, 128–132. CrossRefPubMed Van Dam, N. T., & Earleywine, M. (2011). Validation of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised (CESD-R): pragmatic depression assessment in the general population. Psychiatry Research, 186, 128–132. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Vileikyte, L., Peyrot, M., Bundy, C., Rubin, R., Leventhal, H., & Mora, P. (2003). The development and validation of a neuropathy and foot ulcer-specific quality of life instrument. Diabetes Care, 26, 2549–2555. CrossRefPubMed Vileikyte, L., Peyrot, M., Bundy, C., Rubin, R., Leventhal, H., & Mora, P. (2003). The development and validation of a neuropathy and foot ulcer-specific quality of life instrument. Diabetes Care, 26, 2549–2555. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Vollestad, J., Nielsen, M. B., & Nielsen, G. H. (2012). Mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions for anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 239–260. CrossRefPubMed Vollestad, J., Nielsen, M. B., & Nielsen, G. H. (2012). Mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions for anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 239–260. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ware, J., Kosinski, M., & Keller, S. D. (1996). A 12-item short form health survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Medical Care, 34, 220–233. CrossRefPubMed Ware, J., Kosinski, M., & Keller, S. D. (1996). A 12-item short form health survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Medical Care, 34, 220–233. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measure of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070. CrossRefPubMed Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measure of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wetherell, J. L., Ayers, C. R., Sorrell, J. T., Thorp, S. R., Nuevo, R., Belding, W., Gray, E., Stanley, M. A., Arean, P. A., Donohue, M., Unützer, J., Ramsdell, J., Xu, R., & Patterson, T. L. (2009). Modular psychotherapy for anxiety in older primary care patients. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 483–492. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Wetherell, J. L., Ayers, C. R., Sorrell, J. T., Thorp, S. R., Nuevo, R., Belding, W., Gray, E., Stanley, M. A., Arean, P. A., Donohue, M., Unützer, J., Ramsdell, J., Xu, R., & Patterson, T. L. (2009). Modular psychotherapy for anxiety in older primary care patients. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 483–492. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Wingate, L. R., Van Orden, K. A., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Williams, F. M., & Rudd, M. D. (2005). Comparison of compensation and capitalization models when treating suicidality in young adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 756. CrossRefPubMed Wingate, L. R., Van Orden, K. A., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Williams, F. M., & Rudd, M. D. (2005). Comparison of compensation and capitalization models when treating suicidality in young adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 756. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Witkiewitz, K., & Bowen, S. (2010). Depression, craving and substance use following a randomized trial of mindfulness-based relapse prevention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 362–374. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Witkiewitz, K., & Bowen, S. (2010). Depression, craving and substance use following a randomized trial of mindfulness-based relapse prevention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 362–374. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Yesavage, J. A., Brink, T., Rose, T. L., Lum, O., Huang, V., Adey, M., & Leirer, V. O. (1983). Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 17, 37–49. CrossRef Yesavage, J. A., Brink, T., Rose, T. L., Lum, O., Huang, V., Adey, M., & Leirer, V. O. (1983). Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 17, 37–49. CrossRef
go back to reference Yogi, M. M. (1969). On the Bhagavad-Gita: a new translation and commentary. Baltimore: Penguin Books. Yogi, M. M. (1969). On the Bhagavad-Gita: a new translation and commentary. Baltimore: Penguin Books.
go back to reference Yohannes, A. M., Baldwin, R. C., & Connolly, M. J. (2000). Depression and anxiety in elderly outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: prevalence, and validation of the BASDEC screening questionnaire. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12, 1090–1096. CrossRef Yohannes, A. M., Baldwin, R. C., & Connolly, M. J. (2000). Depression and anxiety in elderly outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: prevalence, and validation of the BASDEC screening questionnaire. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12, 1090–1096. CrossRef
go back to reference Young, L. A., & Baime, M. J. (2010). Mindfulness-based stress reduction: effect on emotional distress in older adults. Complementary Health Practice Review, 15, 59–64. Young, L. A., & Baime, M. J. (2010). Mindfulness-based stress reduction: effect on emotional distress in older adults. Complementary Health Practice Review, 15, 59–64.
go back to reference Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. (1983). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370. CrossRefPubMed Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. (1983). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Older Adults: a Review of the Effects on Physical and Emotional Well-Being
Auteurs
Paul J. Geiger
Ian A. Boggero
C. Alex Brake
Carolina A. Caldera
Hannah L. Combs
Jessica R. Peters
Ruth A. Baer
Publicatiedatum
14-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-015-0444-1