Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2018

23-10-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Enhances Emotional Resiliency in Children with Divorced Parents

Auteurs: Nasrin Esmaeilian, Mohsen Dehghani, Zohre Dehghani, Jennifer Lee

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examines the hypotheses that children of divorce who participate in a 12-week mindfulness-training program (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Children, MBCT-C) would show greater reductions in depression, anxiety, and anger symptoms and would demonstrate enhanced emotional resiliency. This study utilized a semi-experimental prospective design with pre-, post-, and follow-up measures and a no-treatment control group. A sample of 83 children (ages 10 to 13) and living with a divorced parent were collected from six public schools in Tehran, Iran. The total sample, consisting of 33 boys and 50 girls, was randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (n = 42, 16 boys and 26 girls) and a no-treatment control group (n = 41, 17 boys and 24 girls). The experimental group received twelve 90-min sessions of MBCT-C, which was translated into Persian with minor cultural adaptations. All participants completed measures including the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2), Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), and Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) at pre-test, post-test, and at 2-month follow-up. At the end of intervention, the experimental group showed significantly fewer symptoms of depression, trait anxiety, state anxiety, trait anger, and state anger in comparison with the control group. The intervention group also demonstrated an increase in emotional resiliency and significant enhancements in acceptance and mindfulness. The results provide support that MBCT-C can be an effective intervention to improve the emotional resiliency of children of divorce.
Literatuur
go back to reference Allison, P. D., & Furstenberg, F. F. (1989). How marital dissolution affects children: variations by age and sex. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 540–549. CrossRef Allison, P. D., & Furstenberg, F. F. (1989). How marital dissolution affects children: variations by age and sex. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 540–549. CrossRef
go back to reference Amato, P. R., & Keith, B. (1991). Parental divorce and the well-being of children: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 110(1), 26–46. CrossRefPubMed Amato, P. R., & Keith, B. (1991). Parental divorce and the well-being of children: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 110(1), 26–46. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baer, R. A. (2006). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications. New York, NY: Academic Press. Baer, R. A. (2006). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications. New York, NY: Academic Press.
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Lowry-Webster, H., & Turner, C. (2006). FRIENDS program for children: group leaders manual. Brisbane, Australia: Australian Academic Press. Barrett, P. M., Lowry-Webster, H., & Turner, C. (2006). FRIENDS program for children: group leaders manual. Brisbane, Australia: Australian Academic Press.
go back to reference Brewer, M. M. (2010). The effects of child gender and child age at the time of parental divorce on the development of adult depression (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Order No. 3404338). Brewer, M. M. (2010). The effects of child gender and child age at the time of parental divorce on the development of adult depression (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Order No. 3404338).
go back to reference Dehghani, M., & Esmailian, N. (2017). Personality characteristics, early maladaptive schema and family function in couples initiating for divorce versus non-initiating ones. Journal of Family Research, 2(4), 575–592. Dehghani, M., & Esmailian, N. (2017). Personality characteristics, early maladaptive schema and family function in couples initiating for divorce versus non-initiating ones. Journal of Family Research, 2(4), 575–592.
go back to reference Esmailian, N., & Dehghani, M. (2017). Re-examination of psychometric properties and factor structure of five child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Manuscript submitted for publication. Esmailian, N., & Dehghani, M. (2017). Re-examination of psychometric properties and factor structure of five child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Manuscript submitted for publication.
go back to reference Esmailian, N., Tahmassian, K., Dehghani, M., & Mootabi, F. (2013). Effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depression symptoms in children with divorced parents. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 5(3), 47–57. Esmailian, N., Tahmassian, K., Dehghani, M., & Mootabi, F. (2013). Effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depression symptoms in children with divorced parents. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 5(3), 47–57.
go back to reference Esmailian, N., Tahmassian, K., Dehghani, M., & Mootabi, F. (2015). The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on emotion regulation, mindful attention and acceptance in children with divorced parents. Journal of Achievements in Clinical Psychology, 1(2), 45–66. Esmailian, N., Tahmassian, K., Dehghani, M., & Mootabi, F. (2015). The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on emotion regulation, mindful attention and acceptance in children with divorced parents. Journal of Achievements in Clinical Psychology, 1(2), 45–66.
go back to reference Hett, G. G., & Rose, C. D. (1991). Counseling children of divorce: a divorce lifeline program. Canadian Journal of Counseling, 25(1), 38–49. Hett, G. G., & Rose, C. D. (1991). Counseling children of divorce: a divorce lifeline program. Canadian Journal of Counseling, 25(1), 38–49.
go back to reference Jacobson, N. S., & Truax, P. (1991). Clinical significance: a statistical approach to defining meaningful change in psychotherapy research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 12–19. CrossRefPubMed Jacobson, N. S., & Truax, P. (1991). Clinical significance: a statistical approach to defining meaningful change in psychotherapy research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 12–19. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (1992). The children depression inventory (CDI). New York, NY: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.. Kovacs, M. (1992). The children depression inventory (CDI). New York, NY: Multi-Health Systems, Inc..
go back to reference Navidi, A. (2005). Psychometric properties of state–trait anger expression inventory. Tehran, Iran: Sina-ravantajhiz. Navidi, A. (2005). Psychometric properties of state–trait anger expression inventory. Tehran, Iran: Sina-ravantajhiz.
go back to reference Roseby, V., & Johnston, J. R. (1998). Children of Armageddon: common developmental threats in high-conflict divorcing families. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7(2), 295–309. CrossRefPubMed Roseby, V., & Johnston, J. R. (1998). Children of Armageddon: common developmental threats in high-conflict divorcing families. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7(2), 295–309. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Semple, R. J., & Lee, J. (2011). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxious children. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications. Semple, R. J., & Lee, J. (2011). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxious children. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
go back to reference Semple, R. J., Lee, J., & Miller, L. (2006). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 143–166). Burlington, MA: Academic Press. CrossRef Semple, R. J., Lee, J., & Miller, L. (2006). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 143–166). Burlington, MA: Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D. (1972). Anxiety: current trends in theory and research (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Academic Press. Spielberger, C. D. (1972). Anxiety: current trends in theory and research (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Academic Press.
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D. (1999). State-trait anger expression inventory-2TM: professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resource, Inc.. Spielberger, C. D. (1999). State-trait anger expression inventory-2TM: professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resource, Inc..
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D., Edwards, C. D., Lushene, R. E., Montuori, J., & Platzek, D. (1983). State-trait anxiety inventory for children: professional manual. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden, Inc.. Spielberger, C. D., Edwards, C. D., Lushene, R. E., Montuori, J., & Platzek, D. (1983). State-trait anxiety inventory for children: professional manual. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden, Inc..
go back to reference Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc..
go back to reference Tahmassian, K. (2004). The Iranian form of children’s self-efficacy questionnaire (SEQ-C). Tehran, Iran: Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University. Tahmassian, K. (2004). The Iranian form of children’s self-efficacy questionnaire (SEQ-C). Tehran, Iran: Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University.
go back to reference Wallerstein, J. S., & Lewis, J. (1998). The long term impact of divorce on children: a first report from a 25-year study. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 36(3), 368–383. CrossRef Wallerstein, J. S., & Lewis, J. (1998). The long term impact of divorce on children: a first report from a 25-year study. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 36(3), 368–383. CrossRef
go back to reference Walsh, F. (2006). Strengthening family resilience. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Walsh, F. (2006). Strengthening family resilience. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Weiss, R. (1976). The emotional impact of marital separation. Journal of social Issue, 39, 135–145. CrossRef Weiss, R. (1976). The emotional impact of marital separation. Journal of social Issue, 39, 135–145. CrossRef
go back to reference Zamaniasl, Z. (2006). Early adaptation of state-trait anxiety inventory in students of Tehran. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran. Zamaniasl, Z. (2006). Early adaptation of state-trait anxiety inventory in students of Tehran. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran.
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Enhances Emotional Resiliency in Children with Divorced Parents
Auteurs
Nasrin Esmaeilian
Mohsen Dehghani
Zohre Dehghani
Jennifer Lee
Publicatiedatum
23-10-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0840-9

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2018

Mindfulness 4/2018 Naar de uitgave