Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Weight concerns are common among female smokers and may interfere with smoking cessation. It is imperative to identify protective factors to lessen the likelihood that smoking-related weight concerns prompt smoking and hinder cessation efforts. Mindfulness is one potential protective factor that might prevent weight concerns from triggering smoking. In the current study, relationships among facets of trait mindfulness, smoking-related weight concerns, and smoking behavior were examined among 112 young adult female smokers (70.5 % daily smokers; 83 % Caucasian; mean age 20 [SD = 1.69]). After controlling for demographic variables, the describing facet of trait mindfulness predicted lower smoking-related weight concerns. The mindfulness characteristics of acting with awareness, nonreactivity, and describing moderated the relationship between smoking-related weight concerns and smoking frequency, such that smoking-related weight concerns predicted greater smoking frequency in female smokers with low and medium levels of these mindfulness characteristics, but did not in those with higher levels of mindfulness. These results suggest that mindfulness-based interventions may be effective for weight-concerned smokers.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adams, C. E., McVay, M. A., Kinsaul, J., Benitez, L., Vinci, C., Stewart, D. W., et al. (2012a). Unique relationships between facets of mindfulness and eating pathology among female smokers. Eating Behaviors. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.05.009. Epub ahead of print.
Adams, C. E., Benitez, L., Kinsaul, J., McVay, M. A., Barbry, A., Thibodeaux, A., et al. (2012b). Effects of brief mindfulness instructions on reactions to body image stimuli among female smokers: an experimental study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. doi: 10.1093/ntr/nts133. Epub ahead of print.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Bieling, P. J., Hawley, L. L., Bloch, R. T., Corcoran, K. M., Levitan, R. D., Young, L. T., et al. (2012). Treatment-specific changes in decentering following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy versus antidepressant medication or placebo for prevention of depressive relapse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0027483. Epub ahead of print.
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. doi: 10.1093/clipsy.bph077.
Brewer, J. A., Mallik, S., Babuscio, T. A., Nich, C., Johnson, H. E., Deleone, C. M., et al. (2011). Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: results from a randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 119, 72–80. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
Chambers, R., Lo, B. C. Y., & Allen, N. B. (2008). The impact of intensive mindfulness training on attentional control, cognitive style, and affect. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 303–322. CrossRef
Jain, S., Shapiro, S. L., Swanick, S., Roesch, S. C., Mills, P. J., Bell, I., et al. (2007). A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditations versus relaxation training: effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 11–21. doi: 10.1207/s15324796abm3301_2. PubMedCrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Delacourt.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: mindfulness and meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.
Masuda, A., Price, M., & Latzman, R. D. (2012). Mindfulness moderates the relationship between disordered eating cognitions and disordered eating behaviors in a non-clinical college sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34, 107–115. doi: 10.1007/s10862-011-9252-7. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
McKee, L., Zvolensky, M. J., Solomon, S. E., Bernstein, A., & Leen-Feldner, E. (2007). Emotional vulnerability and mindfulness: a preliminary test of associations among negative affectivity, anxiety sensitivity, and mindfulness skills. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 36, 91–101. doi: 10.1080/16506070601119314. PubMedCrossRef
Ríos-Bedoya, C. F., Snedecor, S. M., Pomerleau, C. S., & Pomerleau, O. F. (2008). Association of withdrawal features with nicotine dependence as measured by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Addictive Behaviors, 33, 1086–1089. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.04.005. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
- Mindfulness Ameliorates the Relationship Between Weight Concerns and Smoking Behavior in Female Smokers: A Cross-sectional Investigation
Claire E. Adams
Megan Apperson McVay
Diana W. Stewart
Amy L. Copeland
- Springer US