Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

17-05-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindful Parenting in Secondary Child Mental Health: Key Parenting Predictors of Treatment Effects

Auteurs: Lisa Marie Emerson, Evin Aktar, Esther de Bruin, Eva Potharst, Susan Bögels

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 2/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Emerging evidence supports the positive effects of mindful parenting as a clinical intervention in the context of child psychopathology; however, previous studies have not considered the specific parenting predictors of improvements in child outcomes.

Methods

Parents accessing a child and youth secondary mental health care center participated in an 8-week mindful parenting training (n = 89). The effects of the mindful parenting training were assessed on parent-reported child’s psychopathology, parents’ own psychopathology, mindfulness, and parenting factors from pre- to post-intervention, 8-week and 1-year follow-up.

Results

Multi-level analyses indicated immediate and delayed improvements in most child and parent outcomes. Changes in experiential avoidance in parenting partially predicted improvements in child internalizing problems. In combination with mindful parenting, experiential avoidance in parenting fully accounted for improvements in child attention problems. Changes in parental over-reactivity fully accounted for improvements in child externalizing problems.

Conclusions

The mindful parenting training successfully improved the targeted (mindful) parenting factors, which in turn predicted improvements across different child outcomes.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Rescola, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-age forms & profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families. Achenbach, T. M., & Rescola, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-age forms & profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Rescola, L. A. (2003). Manual for the ASEBA adult forms & profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families. Achenbach, T. M., & Rescola, L. A. (2003). Manual for the ASEBA adult forms & profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
go back to reference Arnold, D. S., O'Leary, S. G., Wolff, L. S., & Acker, M. M. (1993). The parenting scale: A measure of dysfunctional parenting in discipline situations. Psychological Assessment, 5, 137–144.CrossRef Arnold, D. S., O'Leary, S. G., Wolff, L. S., & Acker, M. M. (1993). The parenting scale: A measure of dysfunctional parenting in discipline situations. Psychological Assessment, 5, 137–144.CrossRef
go back to reference Assel, M. A., Landry, S. H., Swank, P. R., Steelman, L., Miller-Loncar, C., & Smith, K. E. (2002). How do mothers’ childrearing histories, stress and parenting affect children’s behavioral outcomes? Child: Care, Health and Development, 28, 359–368. Assel, M. A., Landry, S. H., Swank, P. R., Steelman, L., Miller-Loncar, C., & Smith, K. E. (2002). How do mothers’ childrearing histories, stress and parenting affect children’s behavioral outcomes? Child: Care, Health and Development, 28, 359–368.
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45.CrossRef Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45.CrossRef
go back to reference Beer, M., Ward, L., & Moar, K. (2013). The relationship between mindful parenting and distress in parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Mindfulness, 4, 102–112.CrossRef Beer, M., Ward, L., & Moar, K. (2013). The relationship between mindful parenting and distress in parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Mindfulness, 4, 102–112.CrossRef
go back to reference Betts, J., Gullone, E., & Allen, J. S. (2009). An examination of emotion regulation, temperament and parenting as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 473–485.CrossRef Betts, J., Gullone, E., & Allen, J. S. (2009). An examination of emotion regulation, temperament and parenting as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 473–485.CrossRef
go back to reference Bӧgels, S. M., & Brechman-Toussaint, M. L. (2006). Family issues in child anxiety: attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefs. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 834–856.CrossRef Bӧgels, S. M., & Brechman-Toussaint, M. L. (2006). Family issues in child anxiety: attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefs. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 834–856.CrossRef
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting: A guide for mental health practitioners. New York: Springer.CrossRef Bögels, S. M., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting: A guide for mental health practitioners. New York: Springer.CrossRef
go back to reference Bӧgels, S. M., Hoogstad, B., van Dun, L., de Schutter, S., & Restifo, K. (2008). Mindfulness training for adolescents with externalizing disorders and their parents. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 193–209.CrossRef Bӧgels, S. M., Hoogstad, B., van Dun, L., de Schutter, S., & Restifo, K. (2008). Mindfulness training for adolescents with externalizing disorders and their parents. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 193–209.CrossRef
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1, 107–120.CrossRef Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1, 107–120.CrossRef
go back to reference Bӧgels, S. M., Hellemans, J., van Deursen, S., Rӧmer, M., & van der Meulen, R. (2014). Mindful parenting in mental health care: effects on parental and child psychopathology, parental stress, parenting, coparenting and marital functioning. Mindfulness, 5, 536–551.CrossRef Bӧgels, S. M., Hellemans, J., van Deursen, S., Rӧmer, M., & van der Meulen, R. (2014). Mindful parenting in mental health care: effects on parental and child psychopathology, parental stress, parenting, coparenting and marital functioning. Mindfulness, 5, 536–551.CrossRef
go back to reference Bohlmeijer, E., ten Klooster, P., Fledderus, M., Veehof, M., & Baer, R. (2011). Psychometric properties of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in depressed adults and development of a short form. Assessment, 18, 308–320.CrossRef Bohlmeijer, E., ten Klooster, P., Fledderus, M., Veehof, M., & Baer, R. (2011). Psychometric properties of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in depressed adults and development of a short form. Assessment, 18, 308–320.CrossRef
go back to reference Bornstein, M. H. (2002). Handbook of parenting. Volume 1 children and parenting. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Bornstein, M. H. (2002). Handbook of parenting. Volume 1 children and parenting. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Brassell, A. A., Rosenberg, E., Parent, J., Rough, J. N., Fondacaro, K., & Seehuus, M. (2016). Parent’s psychological flexibility: associations with parenting and child psychosocial well-being. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 5, 111–120.CrossRef Brassell, A. A., Rosenberg, E., Parent, J., Rough, J. N., Fondacaro, K., & Seehuus, M. (2016). Parent’s psychological flexibility: associations with parenting and child psychosocial well-being. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 5, 111–120.CrossRef
go back to reference Brock, A., de Vermulst, A. A., Gerris, J. R. M., & Abidin, R. R. (1992). Nijmeegse Ouderlijke Stress Index. Handleiding experimentele versie. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. Brock, A., de Vermulst, A. A., Gerris, J. R. M., & Abidin, R. R. (1992). Nijmeegse Ouderlijke Stress Index. Handleiding experimentele versie. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Davidov, M., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Untangling the links of parental responsiveness to distress and warmth to child outcomes. Child Development, 77, 44–58.CrossRef Davidov, M., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Untangling the links of parental responsiveness to distress and warmth to child outcomes. Child Development, 77, 44–58.CrossRef
go back to reference de Bruin, E. I., Topper, M., Muskens, J. G., Bögels Bögels, S. M., & Kamphuis, J. H. (2012). Psychometric properties of the five facets mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) in a meditating and a non-meditating sample. Assessment, 19, 187–197.CrossRef de Bruin, E. I., Topper, M., Muskens, J. G., Bögels Bögels, S. M., & Kamphuis, J. H. (2012). Psychometric properties of the five facets mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) in a meditating and a non-meditating sample. Assessment, 19, 187–197.CrossRef
go back to reference de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., Geurtzen, N., van Zundert, R. M. P., van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., Hartman, E. E., Nieuwesteeg, A. M., Duncan, L. G., & Bögels, S. M. (2014). Mindful parenting assessed further: psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the interpersonal mindfulness in parenting scale (IM-P). Mindfulness, 5, 200–212.CrossRef de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., Geurtzen, N., van Zundert, R. M. P., van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., Hartman, E. E., Nieuwesteeg, A. M., Duncan, L. G., & Bögels, S. M. (2014). Mindful parenting assessed further: psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the interpersonal mindfulness in parenting scale (IM-P). Mindfulness, 5, 200–212.CrossRef
go back to reference Dekovic, M., Groenendaal, J. H. A., & Gerrits, L. A. W. (1996). Opvoederkenmerken. Opvoeden in Nederland, 70–94. Dekovic, M., Groenendaal, J. H. A., & Gerrits, L. A. W. (1996). Opvoederkenmerken. Opvoeden in Nederland, 70–94.
go back to reference Gouveia, M. J., Carona, C., Canavarro, M. C., & Moreira, H. (2016). Self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness are associated with parenting styles and parenting stress: the mediating role of mindful parenting. Mindfulness, 7, 700–712.CrossRef Gouveia, M. J., Carona, C., Canavarro, M. C., & Moreira, H. (2016). Self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness are associated with parenting styles and parenting stress: the mediating role of mindful parenting. Mindfulness, 7, 700–712.CrossRef
go back to reference Geurtzen, N., Scholte, R.H.J., Engels, R.C., Tak, Y.R., & van Zundert, R.M. (2015). Association between mindful parenting and adolescents internalising problems: non-judgemental acceptance of parenting as core element. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 1117–1128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-9920-9. Geurtzen, N., Scholte, R.H.J., Engels, R.C., Tak, Y.R., & van Zundert, R.M. (2015). Association between mindful parenting and adolescents internalising problems: non-judgemental acceptance of parenting as core element. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 1117–1128. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10826-014-9920-9.
go back to reference Johnson, E., Mellor, D., & Brann, P. (2008). Differences in dropout between diagnoses in child and adolescent mental health services. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 13, 515–530.CrossRef Johnson, E., Mellor, D., & Brann, P. (2008). Differences in dropout between diagnoses in child and adolescent mental health services. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 13, 515–530.CrossRef
go back to reference Leinonen, J. A., Solantaus, T. S., & Punamäki, R.-L. (2003). Parental mental health and children’s adjustment: the quality of marital interaction and parenting as mediating factors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 227–241.CrossRef Leinonen, J. A., Solantaus, T. S., & Punamäki, R.-L. (2003). Parental mental health and children’s adjustment: the quality of marital interaction and parenting as mediating factors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 227–241.CrossRef
go back to reference McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 155–172.CrossRef McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 155–172.CrossRef
go back to reference Miller-Lewis, L. R., Baghurst, P. A., Sawyer, M. G., Prior, M. R., Clark, J. J., Arney, F. M., & Carbone, J. A. (2006). Early childhood externalizing behavior problems: child, parenting, and family-related predictors over time. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 891–906.CrossRef Miller-Lewis, L. R., Baghurst, P. A., Sawyer, M. G., Prior, M. R., Clark, J. J., Arney, F. M., & Carbone, J. A. (2006). Early childhood externalizing behavior problems: child, parenting, and family-related predictors over time. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 891–906.CrossRef
go back to reference Modesto-Lowe, V., Danforth, J. S., & Brooks, D. (2008). ADHD: does parenting style matter? Clinical Pediatrics, 47, 865–872.CrossRef Modesto-Lowe, V., Danforth, J. S., & Brooks, D. (2008). ADHD: does parenting style matter? Clinical Pediatrics, 47, 865–872.CrossRef
go back to reference Parent, J., McKee, L. G., Mahon, J., & Foreh, R. (2016). The association of parent mindfulness with parenting and youth psychopathology across three developmental stages. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 191–202.CrossRef Parent, J., McKee, L. G., Mahon, J., & Foreh, R. (2016). The association of parent mindfulness with parenting and youth psychopathology across three developmental stages. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 191–202.CrossRef
go back to reference Ross, C. N., Blanc, H. M., McNeil, C. B., Eyberg, S. M., & Hembree-Kigin, T. L. (1998). Parenting stress in mothers of young children with oppositional defiant disorder and other severe behavior problems. Child Study Journal, 28, 93–110. Ross, C. N., Blanc, H. M., McNeil, C. B., Eyberg, S. M., & Hembree-Kigin, T. L. (1998). Parenting stress in mothers of young children with oppositional defiant disorder and other severe behavior problems. Child Study Journal, 28, 93–110.
go back to reference Rothbaum, F., & Weisz, J. R. (1994). Parental caregiving and child externalizing behavior in nonclinical samples: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 55–74.CrossRef Rothbaum, F., & Weisz, J. R. (1994). Parental caregiving and child externalizing behavior in nonclinical samples: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 55–74.CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, J. D., & Dishion, T. J. (2013). Mindful parenting as a transdiagnostic family process in the development and maintenance of youth psychopathology. In J. T. Ehrenreich-May & B. C. Chu (Eds.), Transdiagnostic mechanisms and treatment for youth psychopathology (pp. 138–160). New York: Guilford Press. Smith, J. D., & Dishion, T. J. (2013). Mindful parenting as a transdiagnostic family process in the development and maintenance of youth psychopathology. In J. T. Ehrenreich-May & B. C. Chu (Eds.), Transdiagnostic mechanisms and treatment for youth psychopathology (pp. 138–160). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Thomas, R., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. (2007). Behavioral outcomes of Parent-child interaction therapy and triple P-positive parenting program: a review and meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 475–495.CrossRef Thomas, R., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. (2007). Behavioral outcomes of Parent-child interaction therapy and triple P-positive parenting program: a review and meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 475–495.CrossRef
go back to reference Tiwari, S., Podell, J. C., Martin, E. D., Mychailyszyn, M. P., Furr, J. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2008). Experiential avoidance in the parenting of anxious youth: theory, research, and future directions. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 480–496.CrossRef Tiwari, S., Podell, J. C., Martin, E. D., Mychailyszyn, M. P., Furr, J. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2008). Experiential avoidance in the parenting of anxious youth: theory, research, and future directions. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 480–496.CrossRef
go back to reference Tung, M. E., Brammer, W. A., Peris, T. S., & Lee, S. S. (2017). Externalizing outcomes of youth with and without ADHD: time-varying prediction by parental ADHD and mediated effects. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45, 457–470.CrossRef Tung, M. E., Brammer, W. A., Peris, T. S., & Lee, S. S. (2017). Externalizing outcomes of youth with and without ADHD: time-varying prediction by parental ADHD and mediated effects. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45, 457–470.CrossRef
go back to reference Van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., Formsma, A. R., de Bruin, E. I., & Bögels, S. M. (2012). The effectiveness of mindfulness training on behavioral problems and attentional functioning in adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21, 775–787.CrossRef Van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., Formsma, A. R., de Bruin, E. I., & Bögels, S. M. (2012). The effectiveness of mindfulness training on behavioral problems and attentional functioning in adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21, 775–787.CrossRef
go back to reference Van der Oord, S., Bögels, S. M., & Peijnenburg, D. (2012). The effectiveness of mindfulness training for children with ADHD and mindful parenting for their parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21, 139–147.CrossRef Van der Oord, S., Bögels, S. M., & Peijnenburg, D. (2012). The effectiveness of mindfulness training for children with ADHD and mindful parenting for their parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21, 139–147.CrossRef
go back to reference Van der Sluis, C. M., van Steensel, F. J. A., & Bӧgels, S. M. (2015). Parenting and children’s internalizing symptoms: how important are parents? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 3652–3661.CrossRef Van der Sluis, C. M., van Steensel, F. J. A., & Bӧgels, S. M. (2015). Parenting and children’s internalizing symptoms: how important are parents? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 3652–3661.CrossRef
go back to reference Verhulst, F. C., Van der Ende, J., & Koot, H. M. (1996). Dutch manual for the CBCL/4–18. Rotterdam: Afdeling Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie, Sophia Kinderziekenhuis/Academisch Ziekenhuis Rotterdam, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Verhulst, F. C., Van der Ende, J., & Koot, H. M. (1996). Dutch manual for the CBCL/4–18. Rotterdam: Afdeling Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie, Sophia Kinderziekenhuis/Academisch Ziekenhuis Rotterdam, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindful Parenting in Secondary Child Mental Health: Key Parenting Predictors of Treatment Effects
Auteurs
Lisa Marie Emerson
Evin Aktar
Esther de Bruin
Eva Potharst
Susan Bögels
Publicatiedatum
17-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01176-w

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2021

Mindfulness 2/2021 Naar de uitgave