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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 9/2020

07-07-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindful Attention and Eating Expectancies among College Students with Obesity and a History of Trauma Exposure

Auteurs: Brooke Y. Kauffman, Anka A. Vujanovic, Jafar Bakhshaie, Michael J. Zvolensky

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 9/2020

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Abstract

Objectives

Trauma exposure and obesity are highly prevalent among college students and both are associated with disordered eating. There is a need to understand psychological factors that may be related to maladaptive eating behavior among college students with obesity and a history of trauma exposure.

Methods

Participants included 139 college students with obesity (defined as a BMI ≥ 30) and a history of trauma exposure (76.3% females; Mage = 25.4 years, SD = 8.07). The current study conducted three separate two-step hierarchical regressions examining mindful attention and its relation to eating expectancies (expectancies of eating to help manage negative affect, expectancies of eating to alleviate boredom, and expectancies of eating to lead to feeling out of control).

Results

Results indicated that lower levels of mindful attention were related to greater levels of expectancies of eating to help manage negative affect (b = − 4.16, SE = 1.08, p = .023, CI95% = − 7.72, − 0.60, sr2 = .04), expectancies of eating to alleviate boredom (b = − 1.09, SE = 0.39, p = .006, CI95% = − 1.86, − 0.32, sr2 = .06), and expectancies of eating to lead to feeling out of control (b = − 1.62, SE = 0.40, p < .001, CI95% = − 2.41, − 0.83, sr2 = .11). Results were observed over, and above variance accounted for by sex (assigned at birth), body mass index (BMI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity.

Conclusions

Overall, the results from the present investigation suggest the potential importance and need for future research in the role of mindful attention in relation to several distinct eating expectancies associated with maladaptive eating.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Mindful Attention and Eating Expectancies among College Students with Obesity and a History of Trauma Exposure
Auteurs
Brooke Y. Kauffman
Anka A. Vujanovic
Jafar Bakhshaie
Michael J. Zvolensky
Publicatiedatum
07-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 9/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01419-1

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