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2013 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

Methoden voor het vaststellen van de lichaamssamenstelling

(december 2000)

Auteur: Dr. Ir. Marjolein Visser

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Abstract

De lichaamssamenstelling bestaat uit twee hoofdcomponenten, de vetmassa en de vetvrije massa. Spiermassa is de belangrijkste component van de vetvrije massa. Er zijn diverse methoden beschikbaar voor het meten van de lichaamssamenstelling. De methoden varie ¨ren sterk in prijs, benodigde apparatuur, belasting voor de persoon en nauwkeurigheid. Het vier–componentenmodel wordt algemeen beschouwd als de gouden standaard, hoewel de onderwaterweging en dxa ook geaccepteerd worden. De methoden zijn meestal ontwikkeld en gevalideerd in jonge volwassenen. Voorzichtigheid is geboden bij het toepassen van de methoden voor het meten van de lichaamssamenstelling van kinderen, ouderen, obesen en patiënten. Op individueel niveau kunnen de meetfouten groot zijn wat het meten van kleine veranderingen in de lichaamssamenstelling van één persoon bemoeilijkt. Om de meting van de lichaamssamenstelling te vereenvoudigen, zijn verschillende voorspellingsformules op basis van simpele metingen ontwikkeld. Een zorgvuldige keuze uit de beschikbare voorspellingsformules is noodzakelijk. De keuze voor een bepaalde meetmethode hangt uiteindelijk af van de specifieke eigenschappen van de methode die de arts/diëtist/onderzoeker van belang acht.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Methoden voor het vaststellen van de lichaamssamenstelling
Auteur
Dr. Ir. Marjolein Visser
Copyright
2013
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-0510-0_32