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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 5/2017

14-11-2016 | Empirical Research

Method Variance in Adolescents’, Mothers’, and Observers’ Reports of Peer Management: Nuisance or Information?

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 5/2017

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Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to examine discrepancies among three informants’ (adolescents, mothers, and observers) reports of maternal consulting in regard to peer relationships and the relation of the discrepancies to four social adjustment variables (prosocial behavior, loneliness, positive friendship quality, and physical victimization). An ethnically diverse sample of 70 early adolescents (51 % female) and their mothers participated in this multimethod investigation. Adolescent reports of parental consulting, but not mother or observer reports, were significantly associated with adolescent reports of four psychosocial outcomes. Recognizing that comparison of equivalent regression models can inform interpretations of the data such as the monomethod associations found in this study, this article describes and discusses a strategy for analyzing data from multiple informants. The associations of adolescent reports of parental consulting with loneliness and physical victimization could be fully explained in terms of adolescent bias or other systematic variance uniquely associated with adolescent reports, but those with prosocial behavior and positive friendship quality could not. The view that discrepancies between mother and adolescent reports of parental consulting reflect poor relationship quality appeared most applicable in models of positive friendship quality, somewhat applicable in models of prosocial behavior and physical victimization, and not applicable in models of loneliness. The view that discrepancies might reflect normative and adaptive autonomy was not supported. In addition to adding to our understanding of maternal consulting in regard to peer relationships, it is also hoped that the analytic approach developed for this study will stimulate developments in research that uses multiple informants.
Voetnoten
1
Two dimensional examples are the second simplest type of functionally equivalent sets of predictors. The simplest type is when we have one predictor of an outcome, but many readers are not likely to find one dimensional examples particularly instructive. The correlation of the predictor with an outcome can be examined. Alternatively, that predictor can be reverse-scored; examining the correlation of the reciprocal of that predictor with the outcome constitutes an alternative conceptualization of the correlation.
 
2
Level-and-difference has sometimes been referred to as “level-and-discrepancy” (e.g., Mounts 2007). We chose to reserve the use of “discrepancy” in this paper to refer to analytic approaches that incorporate interaction terms to test whether the association of an outcome with reports from one informant varies as a function of reports from another informant (e.g., Laird and De Los Reyes 2013).
 
3
The term “direct measure regression analyses” refers to regressing the standardized outcome (e.g., loneliness) on the standardized adolescent informant score, the standardized mother informant score, and the standardized observer informant score. We use the term “direct measure” here to differentiate it from regressions which used “derived” indices, but not to mean “unstandardized” or “raw score.”
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Method Variance in Adolescents’, Mothers’, and Observers’ Reports of Peer Management: Nuisance or Information?
Publicatiedatum
14-11-2016
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 5/2017
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0595-y

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