Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2014

01-06-2014 | Original Paper

Metacognitive Processes in Emotion Recognition: Are They Different in Adults with Asperger’s Disorder?

Auteurs: Alyssa C. P. Sawyer, Paul Williamson, Robyn Young

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Deficits in emotion recognition and social interaction characterize individuals with Asperger’s Disorder (AS). Moreover they also appear to be less able to accurately use confidence to gauge their emotion recognition accuracy (i.e., metacognitive monitoring). The aim of this study was to extend this finding by considering both monitoring and control processes in emotion recognition among adults with AS. Those with AS were found to have difficulties acting on the basis of their metacognitive monitoring despite showing no deficits in their ability to discriminate accurate from inaccurate decisions. It is suggested that adults with AS have difficulties interacting socially because they are less able to assess when they are making accurate emotion recognition decisions despite having the capability to do so.
Voetnoten
1
Given the data was collected prior to the release of the DSM-5, all participants were diagnosed using the DSM-lV criteria and met criteria for Asperger's Disorder. Consistent with the DSM-5 manual, however, all persons with a well-established DSM-IV diagnosis of Autistic Disorder, Asperger's or Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified will be considered to meet criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder.
 
2
Removal of this case did not change the pattern of results. In fact, it strengthened those where differences were found. However, since it did not affect the pattern of results and given that the other scores from this individual were not outliers, the decision was made to not omit the data from the analyses so that all analyses involved the same participants.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Ames, D. R., & Kammrath, L. K. (2004). Mind-reading and metacognition: Narcissism, not actual competence, predicts self-estimated ability. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 28(3), 187–209. CrossRef Ames, D. R., & Kammrath, L. K. (2004). Mind-reading and metacognition: Narcissism, not actual competence, predicts self-estimated ability. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 28(3), 187–209. CrossRef
go back to reference Axelrod, B. N. (2002). Validity of the Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence and other very short forms of estimating intellectual functioning. Assessment, 9(1), 17–23. PubMedCrossRef Axelrod, B. N. (2002). Validity of the Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence and other very short forms of estimating intellectual functioning. Assessment, 9(1), 17–23. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (1997). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Baron-Cohen, S. (1997). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., & Jolliffe, T. (1997). Is there a “language of the eyes”? Evidence from normal adults, and adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Visual Cognition, 4(3), 311–331. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., & Jolliffe, T. (1997). Is there a “language of the eyes”? Evidence from normal adults, and adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Visual Cognition, 4(3), 311–331. CrossRef
go back to reference Beaupre, M. G., & Hess, U. (2006). An ingroup advantage for confidence in emotion recognition judgments: The moderating effect of familiarity with the expressions of outgroup members. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 16–26. PubMedCrossRef Beaupre, M. G., & Hess, U. (2006). An ingroup advantage for confidence in emotion recognition judgments: The moderating effect of familiarity with the expressions of outgroup members. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 16–26. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bebko, J. M., & Ricciuti, C. (2000). Executive functioning and memory strategy use in children with autism: The influence of task constraints on spontaneous rehearsal. Autism, 4, 299–320. CrossRef Bebko, J. M., & Ricciuti, C. (2000). Executive functioning and memory strategy use in children with autism: The influence of task constraints on spontaneous rehearsal. Autism, 4, 299–320. CrossRef
go back to reference Boraston, Z., Blakemore, S.-J., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2007). Impaired sadness recognition is linked to social interaction deficit in autism. Neuropsychologia, 45, 1501–1510. PubMedCrossRef Boraston, Z., Blakemore, S.-J., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2007). Impaired sadness recognition is linked to social interaction deficit in autism. Neuropsychologia, 45, 1501–1510. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Corden, B., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2008). Avoidance of emotionally arousing stimuli predicts social–perceptual impairment in Asperger’s syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 137–147. PubMedCrossRef Corden, B., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2008). Avoidance of emotionally arousing stimuli predicts social–perceptual impairment in Asperger’s syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 137–147. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Denham, S. A., Blair, K. A., DeMulder, E., Levitas, J., Sawyer, K., Auerbach-Major, S., et al. (2003). Preschool emotional competence: Pathway to social competence? Child Development, 74(1), 238–256. PubMedCrossRef Denham, S. A., Blair, K. A., DeMulder, E., Levitas, J., Sawyer, K., Auerbach-Major, S., et al. (2003). Preschool emotional competence: Pathway to social competence? Child Development, 74(1), 238–256. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Farrant, A., Blades, M., & Boucher, J. (1999a). Recall readiness in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5), 359–366. PubMedCrossRef Farrant, A., Blades, M., & Boucher, J. (1999a). Recall readiness in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5), 359–366. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Farrant, A., Boucher, J., & Blades, M. (1999b). Metamemory in children with autism. Child Development, 70(1), 107–131. PubMed Farrant, A., Boucher, J., & Blades, M. (1999b). Metamemory in children with autism. Child Development, 70(1), 107–131. PubMed
go back to reference Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(4), 672–686. PubMedCrossRef Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(4), 672–686. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Garcia-Villamisar, D., Rojahn, J., Zaja, R. H., & Jodra, M. (2010). Facial emotion processing and social adaptation in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 755–762. CrossRef Garcia-Villamisar, D., Rojahn, J., Zaja, R. H., & Jodra, M. (2010). Facial emotion processing and social adaptation in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 755–762. CrossRef
go back to reference Golan, O., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Systemizing empathy: Teaching adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism to recognize complex emotions using interactive multimedia. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 591–617. PubMedCrossRef Golan, O., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Systemizing empathy: Teaching adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism to recognize complex emotions using interactive multimedia. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 591–617. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Golan, O., Baron-Cohen, S., & Golan, Y. (2008). The ‘reading the mind in films’ task [child version]: Complex emotion and mental state recognition in children with and without autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1534–1541. PubMedCrossRef Golan, O., Baron-Cohen, S., & Golan, Y. (2008). The ‘reading the mind in films’ task [child version]: Complex emotion and mental state recognition in children with and without autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1534–1541. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heerey, E. A., Keltner, D., & Capps, L. M. (2003). Making sense of self-conscious emotion: Linking theory of mind and emotion in children with autism. Emotion, 3(4), 394–400. PubMedCrossRef Heerey, E. A., Keltner, D., & Capps, L. M. (2003). Making sense of self-conscious emotion: Linking theory of mind and emotion in children with autism. Emotion, 3(4), 394–400. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Higham, P. A., Perfect, T. J., & Bruno, D. (2009). Investigating strength and frequency effects in recognition memory using type-2 signal detection theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(1), 57–80. PubMed Higham, P. A., Perfect, T. J., & Bruno, D. (2009). Investigating strength and frequency effects in recognition memory using type-2 signal detection theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(1), 57–80. PubMed
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (1986). The autistic child’s appraisal of expressions of emotion. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27(3), 321–342. CrossRef Hobson, R. P. (1986). The autistic child’s appraisal of expressions of emotion. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27(3), 321–342. CrossRef
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (1993). Understanding persons: The role of affect. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from autism (pp. 204–227). New York: Oxford University Press. Hobson, R. P. (1993). Understanding persons: The role of affect. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from autism (pp. 204–227). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Izard, C., Fine, S., Schultz, D., Mostow, A., Ackerman, B., & Youngstrom, E. (2001). Emotion knowledge as a predictor of social behaviour and academic competence in children at risk. Psychological Science, 12(1), 18–23. PubMedCrossRef Izard, C., Fine, S., Schultz, D., Mostow, A., Ackerman, B., & Youngstrom, E. (2001). Emotion knowledge as a predictor of social behaviour and academic competence in children at risk. Psychological Science, 12(1), 18–23. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Koriat, A., & Goldsmith, M. (1996). Monitoring and control processes in the strategic regulation of memory accuracy. Psychological Review, 103(3), 490–517. PubMedCrossRef Koriat, A., & Goldsmith, M. (1996). Monitoring and control processes in the strategic regulation of memory accuracy. Psychological Review, 103(3), 490–517. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lockl, K., & Schneider, W. (2007). Knowledge about the mind: Links between theory of mind and later metamemory. Child Development, 78(1), 148–167. PubMedCrossRef Lockl, K., & Schneider, W. (2007). Knowledge about the mind: Links between theory of mind and later metamemory. Child Development, 78(1), 148–167. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Sydney: Psychology Foundation Monograph. Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Sydney: Psychology Foundation Monograph.
go back to reference Nagesh, A., Brewer, N., & Young, R. (2009). Face recognition and metacognitive monitoring in individuals with Asperger’s disorder. Sydney: Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Autism Conference. Nagesh, A., Brewer, N., & Young, R. (2009). Face recognition and metacognitive monitoring in individuals with Asperger’s disorder. Sydney: Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Autism Conference.
go back to reference Nelson, T. O., Narens, L., & Dunlosky, J. (2004). A revised methodology for research on metamemory: Pre-judgment recall and monitoring (PRAM). Psychological Methods, 9(1), 53–69. PubMedCrossRef Nelson, T. O., Narens, L., & Dunlosky, J. (2004). A revised methodology for research on metamemory: Pre-judgment recall and monitoring (PRAM). Psychological Methods, 9(1), 53–69. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 32(7), 1081–1105. CrossRef Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 32(7), 1081–1105. CrossRef
go back to reference Patterson, M. L., Foster, J. L., & Bellmer, C. D. (2001). Another look at accuracy and confidence in social judgements. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 25(3), 207–219. CrossRef Patterson, M. L., Foster, J. L., & Bellmer, C. D. (2001). Another look at accuracy and confidence in social judgements. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 25(3), 207–219. CrossRef
go back to reference Philip, R. C. M., Whalley, H. C., Stanfield, A. C., Sprengelmeyer, R., Santos, I. M., Young, A. W., et al. (2010). Deficits in facial, body movement and vocal emotional processing in autism spectrum disorders. Psychological Medicine, 40, 1919–1929. PubMedCrossRef Philip, R. C. M., Whalley, H. C., Stanfield, A. C., Sprengelmeyer, R., Santos, I. M., Young, A. W., et al. (2010). Deficits in facial, body movement and vocal emotional processing in autism spectrum disorders. Psychological Medicine, 40, 1919–1929. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rump, K. M., Giovannelli, J. L., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2009). The development of emotion recognition in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80(5), 1434–1447. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Rump, K. M., Giovannelli, J. L., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2009). The development of emotion recognition in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80(5), 1434–1447. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sawyer, A. C. P., Williamson, P., & Young, R. (2012). Can gaze avoidance explain why individuals with Asperger’s syndrome can’t recognise emotions from facial expressions? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(4), 606–618. PubMedCrossRef Sawyer, A. C. P., Williamson, P., & Young, R. (2012). Can gaze avoidance explain why individuals with Asperger’s syndrome can’t recognise emotions from facial expressions? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(4), 606–618. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schultz, R. T. (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: The role of the amygdala and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23, 125–141. Schultz, R. T. (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: The role of the amygdala and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23, 125–141.
go back to reference Smith, H. J., Archer, D., & Costanzo, M. (1991). ‘Just a hunch’: Accuracy and awareness in person perception. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15(1), 3–18. CrossRef Smith, H. J., Archer, D., & Costanzo, M. (1991). ‘Just a hunch’: Accuracy and awareness in person perception. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15(1), 3–18. CrossRef
go back to reference Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics (3rd ed.). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics (3rd ed.). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
go back to reference Wallace, S., Coleman, M., & Bailey, A. (2008). An investigation of basic facial expression recognition in autism spectrum disorders. Cognition and Emotion, 22(7), 1353–1380. CrossRef Wallace, S., Coleman, M., & Bailey, A. (2008). An investigation of basic facial expression recognition in autism spectrum disorders. Cognition and Emotion, 22(7), 1353–1380. CrossRef
go back to reference Wilkinson, D. A., Best, C. A., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2010). Memory awareness for faces in individuals with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(11), 1371–1377. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Wilkinson, D. A., Best, C. A., Minshew, N. J., & Strauss, M. S. (2010). Memory awareness for faces in individuals with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(11), 1371–1377. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wojcik, D. Z., Moulin, C. J., & Souchay, C. (2013). Metamemory in children with Autism: Exploring “feeling-of-knowing” in episodic and semantic memory. Neuropsychology, 27(1), 19–27. PubMedCrossRef Wojcik, D. Z., Moulin, C. J., & Souchay, C. (2013). Metamemory in children with Autism: Exploring “feeling-of-knowing” in episodic and semantic memory. Neuropsychology, 27(1), 19–27. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Metacognitive Processes in Emotion Recognition: Are They Different in Adults with Asperger’s Disorder?
Auteurs
Alyssa C. P. Sawyer
Paul Williamson
Robyn Young
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1999-0