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23-10-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 3/2016

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

Metacognitive Awareness of Facial Affect in Higher-Functioning Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 3/2016
Auteurs:
Camilla M. McMahon, Heather A. Henderson, Lisa Newell, Mark Jaime, Peter Mundy
Belangrijke opmerkingen
A version of this paper was presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research and the Institute of Education Sciences Conference.
The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of NIH or the U.S. Department of Education.

Abstract

Higher-functioning participants with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) viewed a series of face stimuli, made decisions regarding the affect of each face, and indicated their confidence in each decision. Confidence significantly predicted accuracy across all participants, but this relation was stronger for participants with typical development than participants with ASD. In the hierarchical linear modeling analysis, there were no differences in face processing accuracy between participants with and without ASD, but participants with ASD were more confident in their decisions. These results suggest that individuals with ASD have metacognitive impairments and are overconfident in face processing. Additionally, greater metacognitive awareness was predictive of better face processing accuracy, suggesting that metacognition may be a pivotal skill to teach in interventions.

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