Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The involvement of metacognition in mindfulness is already acknowledged in recent mindfulness models. The focus of the current paper is on how mindfulness may be seen to involve a particular subcategory of metacognitive feeling referred to as fringe consciousness. Fringe feelings are in themselves consciously experienced but have been demonstrated to reflect nonconscious context information and are assumed to play a functional role in metacognitive monitoring and behavioral control. I first address ways in which metaexperiences during mindfulness may be seen as a variety of fringe consciousness. I then turn to how mindfulness practice may change a person’s attitude to fringe feelings, which in turn may influence the ease with which currently unconscious cognitive content may be retrieved. Finally, I specifically discuss how feelings of novelty, described by many as characteristic of a mindful state, may be understood within the fringe consciousness framework. I propose that fringe consciousness may be a useful framework for understanding the relationship between cognition and certain forms of subjective feelings during mindfulness.
Baars, B. J. (1988). A cognitive theory of consciousness. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. doi: 10.1093/clipsy.bph077.
Dunlosky, J., & Metcalfe, J. (2009). Metacognition (1st ed.). London, UK: Sage Publications, Inc.
Farb, N. A., Segal, Z. V., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., Fatima, Z., & Anderson, A. K. (2007). Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2(4), 313–322. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsm030. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Fox, K. C., Zakarauskas, P., Dixon, M., Ellamil, M., Thompson, E., & Christoff, K. (2012). Meditation experience predicts introspective accuracy. PloS One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045370.
Galin, D. (1994). The structure of awareness: contemporary applications of William James’ forgotten concept of “the fringe”. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 15, 375–375.
Husserl, E. (2008). Introduction to logic and theory of knowledge: Lectures 1906/07 (Vol. 13). Springer Science & Business Media.
James, W. (1890). The Principles of Psychology. New York, NY: Holt. CrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness‐based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144–156.
Koriat, A. (2007). Metacognition and consciousness. In I. P. D. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, & E. Thompson (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness (pp. 289–325). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Mangan, B. (2001). Sensation's Ghost. Psyche, 7, 18.
Mangan, B. (2014). Meaning, God, volition, and art: How rightness and the fringe bring it all together. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 21(3-4), 154–176.
Mason, O., & Hargreaves, I. (2001). A qualitative study of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 74, 197–212. CrossRef
Metcalfe, J. (2000). Metamemory: Theory and data. In E. Tulving & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory (pp. 197–211). London, UK: Oxford University Press.
Norman, E. (2002). Subcategories of “fringe consciousness” and their related nonconscious contexts. Psyche, 8(15).
Norman, E., & Furnes, B. (2016). The concept of "metaemotion": What is there to learn from research on metacognition? Emotion Review. doi: 10.1177/1754073914552913
Norman, E., Price, M. C., & Duff, S. C. (2010). Fringe consciousness: a useful framework for clarifying the nature of experience-based feelings. In A. Efklides & P. Misailidi (Eds.), Trends and prospects in metacognition research (pp. 63–80). New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef
Price, M. C. (2001). Now you see it, now you don’t: preventing consciousness with visual masking. In P. G. Grossenbacher (Ed.), Finding consciousness in the brain: a neurocognitive approach (advances in consciousness research, 8) (pp. 25–60). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossRef
Price, M. C. (2002). Measuring the fringes of experience. Psyche, 8, 1–24.
Price, M. C., & Norman, E. (2008). Intuitive decisions on the fringes of consciousness: are they conscious and does it matter. Judgment and Decision Making, 3(1), 28–41.
- Metacognition and Mindfulness: the Role of Fringe Consciousness
- Springer US