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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 4/2014

01-05-2014 | Review

Meta-analysis shows clinically relevant and long-lasting deterioration in health-related quality of life after esophageal cancer surgery

Auteurs: M. Jacobs, R. C. Macefield, R. G. Elbers, K. Sitnikova, I. J. Korfage, E. M. A. Smets, I. Henselmans, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, J. C. J. M. de Haes, J. M. Blazeby, M. A. G. Sprangers

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 4/2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to (1) estimate the direction, clinical relevance, and duration of health-related quality of life (HRQL) change in the first year following esophageal cancer surgery and (2) to assess the robustness of the estimates by subgroup and sensitivity analyses, and an exploration of publication bias.

Methods

A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and CENTRAL to identify randomized and non-randomized studies was performed. We compared the baseline HRQL data with 3-, 6-, 9-, or 12-month follow-ups to estimate the magnitude and duration of HRQL change. These estimates were then classified as trivial, small, medium, or large. Primary outcomes were role functioning, eating, and fatigue. Secondary outcomes were physical and social functioning, dysphagia, pain, and coughing problems. We conducted subgroup analysis for open surgery, open surgery preceded by neo-adjuvant therapy, and minimally invasive surgery. Sensitivity analyses assessed the influence of study design, transformation/imputation of the data, and HRQL questionnaire used.

Results

We included data from 15 studies to estimate the change in 28 HRQL outcomes after esophageal cancer surgery. The main analysis showed that patients’ social functioning deteriorated. Symptoms of fatigue, pain, and coughing problems increased. These changes lasted for 9–12 months, although some symptoms persisted beyond the first year after surgery. For many other HRQL outcomes, estimates were only robust after subgroup or sensitivity analyses (e.g., role and physical functioning), or remained too heterogeneous to interpret (e.g., eating and dysphagia).

Conclusions

Patients will experience a clinically relevant and long-lasting deterioration in HRQL after esophageal cancer surgery. However, for many HRQL outcomes, more and better quality evidence is needed.

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Voetnoten
1
A large change indicates a clear clinical relevance. A medium change indicates a clinical relevance, but to a lesser extent. A small change indicates a subtle but nevertheless clinically relevant effect. A trivial change indicates either a change of unlikely clinical relevance, or no change.
 
2
QLQ-C30: global quality of life, physical functioning, role functioning, cognitive functioning, emotional functioning, social functioning, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, constipation, pain, diarrhea, appetite loss, dyspnoea, and financial difficulties. QLQ-OES18: dysphagia, eating, reflux, swallowing saliva, choking when swallowing, speech, taste problems, and coughing problems. QLQ-OES24: deglutition, alopecia, trouble talking, emotional problems/anxiety. SF-36: role physical, role emotional, bodily pain, mental health, and vitality. FACT-E: physical well-being, functional well-being, social/family well-being, emotional well-being, oesophageal cancer subscale, fact-E total, and fact-G total. a-RSCL: psychological symptoms, physical symptoms, and activity level. MOS-SF-20: health perceptions, energy, and bodily pain.
 
3
QLQ-C30: global quality of life, physical functioning, role functioning, cognitive functioning, emotional functioning, social functioning, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, constipation, pain, diarrhea, appetite loss, dyspnoea, and financial difficulties. QLQ-OES18: dysphagia, eating, reflux, pain, swallowing saliva, choking when swallowing, speech problems, taste problems, and coughing problems. QLQ-OES24: deglutition. SF-36: role functioning and social functioning. FACT-E: fact-E. A-RSCL: global quality of life. MOS-SF-20: physical functioning, role functioning, and social functioning.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Meta-analysis shows clinically relevant and long-lasting deterioration in health-related quality of life after esophageal cancer surgery
Auteurs
M. Jacobs
R. C. Macefield
R. G. Elbers
K. Sitnikova
I. J. Korfage
E. M. A. Smets
I. Henselmans
M. I. van Berge Henegouwen
J. C. J. M. de Haes
J. M. Blazeby
M. A. G. Sprangers
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-013-0545-z