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01-04-2014 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 2/2014

Mindfulness 2/2014

Meditation Breath Attention Scores (MBAS): Test–Retest Reliability and Sensitivity to Repeated Practice

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 2/2014
Auteurs:
Paul A. Frewen, Franziska Unholzer, Kyle R.-J. Logie-Hagan, Julia D. MacKinley

Abstract

The sensitivity of an experience-sampling measure of meditators’ ability to maintain attention to their breathing during 15-min practices of mindful breath awareness meditation, referred to as “Meditation Breath Attention Scores” (MBAS), was previously shown to vary with other meditative experiences and mindfulness-related traits. The objectives of the present study were to assess: (1) the test–retest reliability of MBAS and (2) the sensitivity to practice-related effects of MBAS. Participants completed as many as four meditation sessions held on average 8–10 days apart. Ninety-five participants took part in session 1, with 77 (81 %) completing all four sessions. Test–retest reliability of MBAS was established (mean r between sessions = 0.50) and MBAS were sensitive to practice effects (η 2 = 0.20) consistent with their interpretation as a performance measure. Individual differences in MBAS thus appear to be reliable over time but improve with the repeated practice of meditation. Future research directions are discussed.

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