Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Several models have explored the possible change mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based interventions from the perspectives of multiple disciplines, including cognitive science, affective neuroscience, clinical psychiatry, and psychology. Together, these models highlight the complexity of the change process underlying these interventions. However, no one model appears to be sufficiently comprehensive in describing the mechanistic details of this change process. In an attempt to address this gap, we propose a psychological model derived from Buddhist contemplative traditions. We use the proposed Buddhist psychological model to describe what occurs during mindfulness practice and identify specific mechanisms through which mindfulness and attention regulation practices may result in symptom reduction as well as improvements in well-being. Other explanatory models of mindfulness interventions are summarized and evaluated in the context of this model. We conclude that the comprehensive and detailed nature of the proposed model offers several advantages for understanding how mindfulness-based interventions exert their clinical benefits and that it is amenable to research investigation.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baer, R. A. (2009). Self-focused attention and mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based treatment. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 38(S1), 15–20. CrossRef
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. CrossRef
Carmody, J. (2009). Evolving conceptions of mindfulness in clinical settings. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 270–280. CrossRef
Coffey, K. A., Hartman, M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Deconstructing mindfulness and constructing mental health: Understanding mindfulness and its mechanisms of action. Mindfulness, 1, 235–253. CrossRef
Corcoran, K. M., & Segal, Z. V. (2008). Metacognition in depressive and anxiety disorders: Current directions. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1, 33–44. CrossRef
Dorjee, D. (2010). Kinds and dimensions of mindfulness: Why it is important to distinguish them. Mindfulness, 1, 152–160. CrossRef
Flavell, J. H. (1976). Metacognitive aspects of problem solving. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.), The nature of intelligence (pp. 231–236). New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Fletcher, L., & Hayes, S. C. (2005). Relational frame theory, acceptance and commitment therapy, and a functional analytic definition of mindfulness. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23, 315–336. CrossRef
Fletcher, L. B., Shoendoerf, B., & Hayes, S. C. (2010). Searching for mindfulness in the brain: A process-oriented approach to examining the neural correlates of mindfulness. Mindfulness, 1, 41–63. CrossRef
Garland, E., Gaylord, S., & Park, J. (2009). The role of mindfulness in positive reappraisal. Explore, 5, 37–44.
Grossman, P. (2010). Mindfulness for psychologists: Paying kind attention to the perceptible. Mindfulness, 1, 87–97. CrossRef
Manna, A., Raffone, A., Perrucci, M. G., Nardo, D., Ferretty, A., Tartaro, A., et al. (2010). Neural correlates of focused attention and cognitive monitoring in meditation. Brain Research Bulletin, 82(1–2), 46–56.
Mendis, N. K. G. (2006). The Abhidhamma in practice. Retrieved 29 October 2010 from http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/mendis/wheel322.html.
Mahasi Sayadaw (2006). The progress of insight: A modern treatise on Buddhist Satipathana meditation. Retrieved 16 November 2010 from http://www.dharmaweb.org/index.php/The_Progress_of_Insight_by_Venerable_Mahasi_Sayadaw.
Narada Maha Thera. (1987). A manual of Abhidhamma. Malaysia: Buddhist Missionary Society.
Nyanaponika Thera (2010). Seeing things as they are. Access to Insight. Retrieved 16 December from http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/nyanaponika/seeingthings.html.
Pa Auk Sayadaw (2000). Knowing and seeing. Buddha Dharma Education Association, Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2010 from www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/know-see.pdf.
Segal, Z. V., Williams, M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford.
Snyder, S., & Rasmussen, T. (2009). Practicing the Jhanas: Traditional concentration meditation as presented by the Venerable Pa Auk Sayadaw. Boston: Shambhala.
Thanissaro Bhikkhu (1997). The healing power of the precepts. Retrieved 29 October 2010 from http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/thanissaro/precepts.html.
- Mechanisms of Mindfulness: A Buddhist Psychological Model
Andrea D. Grabovac
Mark A. Lau
Brandilyn R. Willett
- Springer US