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26-04-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mechanisms of Change Underlying Mindfulness-Based Practice Among Adolescents

Auteurs: Ying Zhang, Rachel Razza, Qiu Wang, Dessa Bergen-Cico, Qingyang Liu

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness

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Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate how mindfulness-based practice influenced self-regulation and self-compassion during adolescence. Of particular interest was the reciprocal interplay between the subcomponents of these two constructs.

Methods

The participants included 538 high school students (52.2% male), mean age 16.59 (SD = .74) recruited from three high schools in Philadelphia, PA. Students participated in a 12-week school-based mindfulness intervention and completed the Self-compassion Scale-Short Form and the Adolescent Self-regulation Inventory at pretest (T1) and posttest (T2).

Results

A key finding was that the models with directional paths from self-regulation to self-compassion best fit the data. Specifically, long-term self-regulation at T1 was positively associated with mindfulness and self-kindness at T2 while short-term self-regulation at T1 was negatively associated with self-judgment, over-identification, and isolation at T2.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that self-regulation precedes and enables the actualization of self-compassion within the context of mindfulness practice. The implications for understanding the specific mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based practice and its benefits for adolescents’ psychological well-being are discussed.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Mechanisms of Change Underlying Mindfulness-Based Practice Among Adolescents
Auteurs
Ying Zhang
Rachel Razza
Qiu Wang
Dessa Bergen-Cico
Qingyang Liu
Publicatiedatum
26-04-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01881-z