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05-08-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Measuring Mindfulness in Emergency Telecommunicators: A Preliminary Study of a Revised Observing Construct

Auteurs: Anthony N. Reffi, Benjamin Laman-Maharg, Joy S. Pawirosetiko, Michelle M. Lilly

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 9/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

There is mixed psychometric evidence for the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire’s (FFMQ) Observing factor (FFMQ-Observing). Recent efforts to improve this construct produced a new Observing Scale consisting of three factors: Body Observing, Emotion Awareness, and External Perception. Using a sample of mostly nonmeditating emergency telecommunicators (TCs), this study explored this new Observing Scale’s factor structure, its viability as a replacement for the FFMQ-Observing factor, and its convergent validity.

Methods

The FFMQ and additional mindfulness items from the new Observing Scale were administered via an online survey to emergency TCs (N = 242, Mage = 41.84, SD = 9.80, range = 18–72). We performed exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on the Observing Scale, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on a novel five-factor model integrating the Observing Scale with the FFMQ (excluding FFMQ-Observing), and correlations among the Observing Scale, the FFMQ, and mindfulness-based practices.

Results

EFA suggested four factors for the Observing Scale: Internal Body Observing, External Body Observing, Emotion Awareness, and External Perception. CFA failed to validate our integrated model, but the Observing Scale was positively correlated with the FFMQ and mindfulness-based practices.

Conclusions

This study provides preliminary support for an improved Observing Scale, while suggesting a novel, four-factor structure in emergency TCs. Although the Observing Scale was not compatible with the FFMQ, this may reflect measurement error rather than model misspecification given evidence of content overlap and distinctive forms of Body Observing. Future attempts to validate the new Observing Scale in larger samples are encouraged before it may be recommended as an alternative to the FFMQ-Observing factor.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Measuring Mindfulness in Emergency Telecommunicators: A Preliminary Study of a Revised Observing Construct
Auteurs
Anthony N. Reffi
Benjamin Laman-Maharg
Joy S. Pawirosetiko
Michelle M. Lilly
Publicatiedatum
05-08-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 9/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01708-3

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