Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3749-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The autism-spectrum quotient scale was developed to study autism as a spectrum. Few studies have examined the psychometric properties of the 10 item AQ (AQ-10). We examine the AQ-10 measurement ability and convergent validity in a population health survey (n = 44,722).
The item severity and item discrimination was assessed using item response theory. Convergent validity was assessed by regressing on ADHD, psychological distress (PD) and having an education in the sciences.
Whilst unidimensional, the AQ-10 had some poorly fitting items. Item discrimination ranged from very low to very high. The scale correlated as hypothesised with the regress expected when factoring in ADHD, PD and possessing an eduction in the sciences.
The AQ-10 has adequate validity in the present sample and may be used in s as a measure of autistic traits. In Conclusion, The AQ-10 has adequate validity to be used in health surveys as a measure of autistic traits, although some items may perform poorly.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 22 KB)10803_2018_3749_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Allison, C., Auyeung, B., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2012). Toward brief “red flags” for autism screening: The short autism-spectrum quotient and the short quantitative checklist in 1000 cases and 3000 controls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(2), 202–212.e207. CrossRef
Andersen, L. M. J., Näswall, K., Manouilenko, I., Nylander, L., Edgar, J., Ritvo, R. A., et al. (2011). The Swedish version of the Ritvo autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale: Revised (RAADS-R). A validation study of a rating scale for adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(12), 1635–1645. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
APA. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition, DSM-5. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Baker, F. B. (1985). Basics of item response theory. Portsmouth: Heinemann.
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(1), 5–17. CrossRef
Erikson, E. H., & Erikson, J. M. (1998). The life cycle completed ( extended version). New York: W. W. Norton.
Karlsson, C., Zander, E., & Bölte, S. (2011). The adult autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) Vuxenversionen: 16 år och äldre, Svensk version. KIND, Karolinska Institutet. Retrieved from http://www1.psykiatristod.se/Global/Psykiatristod/Bilagor/ADHD/AQ_Swedish.pdf.
Melchior, M., Pryor, L., & van der Waerden, J. (2015). Commonalities and specificities between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism-spectrum disorders: Can epidemiology contribute? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(8), 855–858. CrossRef
Ronald, A., & Hoekstra, R. A. (2011). Autism spectrum disorders and autistic traits: A decade of new twin studies. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B, 156(3), 255–274. CrossRef
Ruzich, E., Allison, C., Smith, P., Watson, P., Auyeung, B., Ring, H., et al. (2015). Measuring autistic traits in the general population: A systematic review of the autism spectrum quotient (AQ) in a nonclinical population sample of 6,900 typical adult males and females. Molecular Autism, 6(1), 2. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
SAS. (2015). The IRT Procedure. In SAS/STAT® 14.1 User’s Guide. Cary: SAS Institute Inc.
SCB. (2014). Technical report. Description of implementation and methods (online). Health Stockholm. Retrieved from http://folkhalsoguiden.se/halsa-stockholm/.
Stewart, M. E., & Austin, E. J. (2010). The structure of the autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from a student sample in Scotland (vol 47, p.224, 2009). Personality and Individual Differences, 48(1), 88–88. CrossRef
WHO. (1992). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Measuring Autism Traits in the Adult General Population with the Brief Autism-Spectrum Quotient, AQ-10: Findings from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort
- Springer US