Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 9/2017

21-03-2017 | Review

Measurement invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: reviewing three decades of research

Auteurs: Scott D. Emerson, Martin Guhn, Anne M. Gadermann

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 9/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Purpose

The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) is a widely used measure of life satisfaction, a key aspect in quality of life. The SWLS has been used across many socio-demographic groups. Comparison of life satisfaction across different subgroups (e.g., cultures) is meaningful to researchers; such cross-group comparison presupposes that validity of the inferences from SWLS scores holds across various subgroups (measurement invariance: MI). The aim of the present review was to identify, summarize, and evaluate research testing measurement invariance of the SWLS.

Methods

A targeted literature search identified articles (published 1985–2016) that examined MI of the SWLS using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis.

Results

The search retrieved 27 articles, representing 66,380 respondents across 24 nations. Gender, age, and culture were the most common types of MI assessed. Most articles used translated (non-English) versions of the SWLS. The highest level of MI tested in each article (i.e., configural, metric, scalar, strict) varied. Findings generally supported a unidimensional structure (configural MI), but less commonly supported were equivalent factor loadings (metric MI). Over half of the gender invariance analyses supported scalar or strict MI, whereas scalar or strict MI was supported in only 1 of the 11 culture MI analyses and 1 of the 9 age MI analyses.

Conclusions

Findings suggest meaningful comparisons of SWLS means across gender may be valid in some situations, but most likely not across culture or age groups. Participants mostly ascribe similar meaning to like items on the SWLS regardless of their gender, but age and especially culture seem to influence this process.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
Blais et al. [[40] seem to have been the first to test MI of the SWLS using MG-CFA, observing configural invariance across university students and older adults in Canada. We did not include it, however, because the article failed our inclusion criteria (i.e., it was not published in English).
 
2
Atienza et al. [52] imposed cross-group constraints on factor structure, loadings, and residual variances but did not test invariance of intercepts. As MI through MG-CFA is hierarchical, we classified this as examining up to metric.
 
3
Ponizovsky et al. [60] claimed scalar MI was observed, despite indices indicating configural MI was unsupported, as changes in Δ CFI exceeded the 0.01 threshold (configural: 0.963, metric: 0.993, scalar: 0.954), and RMSEA values were inadequate (>0.10) [31, 67].
 
4
Pons et al. [64] suggested that strict invariance was tested but testing equality of intercepts was neglected, so it was coded as having tested up to the metric level.
 
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference O’Donnell, G. (2013). Using well-being as a guide to policy. World Happiness Report, 2013, 98–111. O’Donnell, G. (2013). Using well-being as a guide to policy. World Happiness Report, 2013, 98–111.
2.
go back to reference Black, N. (2013). Patient reported outcome measures could help transform healthcare. BMJ, 346, f167. PubMed Black, N. (2013). Patient reported outcome measures could help transform healthcare. BMJ, 346, f167. PubMed
3.
go back to reference Fiske, S. T., Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2014). Can and should happiness be a policy goal? Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1(1), 195–203. Fiske, S. T., Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2014). Can and should happiness be a policy goal? Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1(1), 195–203.
4.
go back to reference Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71–75. PubMed Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71–75. PubMed
5.
go back to reference Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (2008). The satisfaction with life scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(2), 137–152. Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (2008). The satisfaction with life scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(2), 137–152.
6.
go back to reference Cummins, R. A. (2013). Measuring happiness and subjective well-being. In S. A. David, I. Boniwell, A. Conley Ayers (Eds.) Oxford handbook of happiness, (pp. 185–200). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cummins, R. A. (2013). Measuring happiness and subjective well-being. In S. A. David, I. Boniwell, A. Conley Ayers (Eds.) Oxford handbook of happiness, (pp. 185–200). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
7.
go back to reference Kaczmarek, L. D., Bujacz, A., & Eid, M. (2015). Comparative latent state–trait analysis of satisfaction with life measures: The Steen Happiness Index and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(2), 443–453. Kaczmarek, L. D., Bujacz, A., & Eid, M. (2015). Comparative latent state–trait analysis of satisfaction with life measures: The Steen Happiness Index and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(2), 443–453.
8.
go back to reference Bollen, K., & Lennox, R. (1991). Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Psychological Bulletin, 110(2), 305. Bollen, K., & Lennox, R. (1991). Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Psychological Bulletin, 110(2), 305.
9.
go back to reference Schimmack, U., Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Life-satisfaction is a momentary judgment and a stable personality characteristic: The use of chronically accessible and stable sources. Journal of Personality, 70(3), 345–384. PubMed Schimmack, U., Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Life-satisfaction is a momentary judgment and a stable personality characteristic: The use of chronically accessible and stable sources. Journal of Personality, 70(3), 345–384. PubMed
10.
go back to reference Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2004). Global judgments of subjective well-being: Situational variability and long-term stability. Social Indicators Research, 65(3), 245–277. Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2004). Global judgments of subjective well-being: Situational variability and long-term stability. Social Indicators Research, 65(3), 245–277.
11.
go back to reference Miller, M. J., & Sheu, H. (2008). Conceptual and measurement issues in multicultural psychology research. Handbook of Counseling Psychology, 4, 103–120. Miller, M. J., & Sheu, H. (2008). Conceptual and measurement issues in multicultural psychology research. Handbook of Counseling Psychology, 4, 103–120.
12.
go back to reference Vandenberg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3(1), 4–70. Vandenberg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3(1), 4–70.
13.
go back to reference Kern, J. L., McBride, B. A., Laxman, D. J., Dyer, W. J., Santos, R. M., & Jeans, L. M. (2016). The role of multiple-group measurement invariance in family psychology research. Journal of Family Psychology, 30(3), 364. PubMed Kern, J. L., McBride, B. A., Laxman, D. J., Dyer, W. J., Santos, R. M., & Jeans, L. M. (2016). The role of multiple-group measurement invariance in family psychology research. Journal of Family Psychology, 30(3), 364. PubMed
14.
go back to reference Lubke, G. H., Dolan, C. V., Kelderman, H., & Mellenbergh, G. J. (2003). Weak measurement invariance with respect to unmeasured variables: An implication of strict factorial invariance. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 56(2), 231–248. PubMed Lubke, G. H., Dolan, C. V., Kelderman, H., & Mellenbergh, G. J. (2003). Weak measurement invariance with respect to unmeasured variables: An implication of strict factorial invariance. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 56(2), 231–248. PubMed
15.
go back to reference Gregorich, S. E. (2006). Do self-report instruments allow meaningful comparisons across diverse population groups? Testing measurement invariance using the confirmatory factor analysis framework. Medical Care, 44(11 Suppl 3), S78. PubMedPubMedCentral Gregorich, S. E. (2006). Do self-report instruments allow meaningful comparisons across diverse population groups? Testing measurement invariance using the confirmatory factor analysis framework. Medical Care, 44(11 Suppl 3), S78. PubMedPubMedCentral
16.
go back to reference Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Chicago: Scientific Software International. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Chicago: Scientific Software International.
17.
go back to reference Meredith, W. (1993). Measurement invariance, factor analysis and factorial invariance. Psychometrika, 58(4), 525–543. Meredith, W. (1993). Measurement invariance, factor analysis and factorial invariance. Psychometrika, 58(4), 525–543.
18.
go back to reference Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 233–255. Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 233–255.
19.
go back to reference Milfont, T. L., & Fischer, R. (2015). Testing measurement invariance across groups: Applications in cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 111–130. Milfont, T. L., & Fischer, R. (2015). Testing measurement invariance across groups: Applications in cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 111–130.
20.
go back to reference Gustavsson, J. P., Eriksson, A. K., Hilding, A., Gunnarsson, M., & Östensson, C. G. (2008). Measurement invariance of personality traits from a five-factor model perspective: multi-group confirmatory factor analyses of the HP5 inventory. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(5), 459–467. PubMed Gustavsson, J. P., Eriksson, A. K., Hilding, A., Gunnarsson, M., & Östensson, C. G. (2008). Measurement invariance of personality traits from a five-factor model perspective: multi-group confirmatory factor analyses of the HP5 inventory. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(5), 459–467. PubMed
21.
go back to reference Sass, D. (2011). Testing measurement invariance and comparing latent factor means within a confirmatory factor analysis framework. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 29(4), 347–363. Sass, D. (2011). Testing measurement invariance and comparing latent factor means within a confirmatory factor analysis framework. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 29(4), 347–363.
22.
go back to reference Steenkamp, J.-B. E., & Baumgartner, H. (1998). Assessing measurement invariance in cross-national consumer research. Journal of Consumer Research, 25(1), 78–90. Steenkamp, J.-B. E., & Baumgartner, H. (1998). Assessing measurement invariance in cross-national consumer research. Journal of Consumer Research, 25(1), 78–90.
23.
go back to reference McArdle, J. (1998). Contemporary statistical models for examining test bias. In J. J. McArdle & R. W. Woodcock (Eds.), Human abilities in theory and practice. (pp. 157–195). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. McArdle, J. (1998). Contemporary statistical models for examining test bias. In J. J. McArdle & R. W. Woodcock (Eds.), Human abilities in theory and practice. (pp. 157–195). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
24.
go back to reference Millsap, R. E., & Meredith, W. (2007). Factorial invariance: Historical perspectives and new problems. In Em R. Cudeck & R. C. MacCallum (Eds.) Factor analysis at 100: Historical developments and future directions, (pp. 131–152). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Millsap, R. E., & Meredith, W. (2007). Factorial invariance: Historical perspectives and new problems. In Em R. Cudeck & R. C. MacCallum (Eds.) Factor analysis at 100: Historical developments and future directions, (pp. 131–152). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
25.
go back to reference Wu, A. D., Li, Z., & Zumbo, B. D. (2007). Decoding the meaning of factorial invariance and updating the practice of multi-group confirmatory factor analysis: A demonstration with TIMSS data. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 12(3), 1–26. Wu, A. D., Li, Z., & Zumbo, B. D. (2007). Decoding the meaning of factorial invariance and updating the practice of multi-group confirmatory factor analysis: A demonstration with TIMSS data. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 12(3), 1–26.
26.
go back to reference DeShon, R. P. (2004). Measures are not invariant across groups without error variance homogeneity. Psychology Science, 46, 137–149. DeShon, R. P. (2004). Measures are not invariant across groups without error variance homogeneity. Psychology Science, 46, 137–149.
27.
go back to reference Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. C. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. In annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, IA, (Vol. 758, pp. 424–453). Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. C. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. In annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, IA, (Vol. 758, pp. 424–453).
28.
go back to reference MacCallum, R. C., Roznowski, M., & Necowitz, L. B. (1992). Model modifications in covariance structure analysis: the problem of capitalization on chance. Psychological Bulletin, 111(3), 490. PubMed MacCallum, R. C., Roznowski, M., & Necowitz, L. B. (1992). Model modifications in covariance structure analysis: the problem of capitalization on chance. Psychological Bulletin, 111(3), 490. PubMed
29.
go back to reference Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 238. PubMed Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 238. PubMed
30.
go back to reference Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Journal of Business Research, 6(1), 53–60. Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Journal of Business Research, 6(1), 53–60.
31.
go back to reference Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14(3), 464–504. Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14(3), 464–504.
32.
go back to reference Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466(7302), 29–29. PubMed Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466(7302), 29–29. PubMed
33.
go back to reference Oishi, S., Diener, E. F., Lucas, R. E., & Suh, E. M. (1999). Cross-cultural variations in predictors of life satisfaction: Perspectives from needs and values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(8), 980–990. Oishi, S., Diener, E. F., Lucas, R. E., & Suh, E. M. (1999). Cross-cultural variations in predictors of life satisfaction: Perspectives from needs and values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(8), 980–990.
34.
go back to reference Boroditsky, L., Fuhrman, O., & McCormick, K. (2011). Do English and Mandarin speakers think about time differently? Cognition, 118(1), 123–129. PubMed Boroditsky, L., Fuhrman, O., & McCormick, K. (2011). Do English and Mandarin speakers think about time differently? Cognition, 118(1), 123–129. PubMed
35.
go back to reference Oishi, S., Diener, E., Suh, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Value as a moderator in subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 67(1), 157–184. Oishi, S., Diener, E., Suh, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Value as a moderator in subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 67(1), 157–184.
36.
go back to reference Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & Muthén, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 456. Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & Muthén, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 456.
37.
go back to reference Chinni, M. L., & Hubley, A. M. (2014). A research synthesis of validation practices used to evaluate the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS). In Validity and validation in social, behavioral, and health sciences (pp. 35–66). New York: Springer. Chinni, M. L., & Hubley, A. M. (2014). A research synthesis of validation practices used to evaluate the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS). In Validity and validation in social, behavioral, and health sciences (pp. 35–66). New York: Springer.
39.
go back to reference Shevlin, M., Brunsden, V., & Miles, J. (1998). Satisfaction with life scale: Analysis of factorial invariance, mean structures and reliability. Personality and Individual Differences, 25(5), 911–916. Shevlin, M., Brunsden, V., & Miles, J. (1998). Satisfaction with life scale: Analysis of factorial invariance, mean structures and reliability. Personality and Individual Differences, 25(5), 911–916.
40.
go back to reference Blais, M. R., Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., & Brière, N. M. (1989). L’échelle de satisfaction de vie: Validation canadienne-française du “Satisfaction with Life Scale”. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 21(2), 210. Blais, M. R., Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., & Brière, N. M. (1989). L’échelle de satisfaction de vie: Validation canadienne-française du “Satisfaction with Life Scale”. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 21(2), 210.
41.
go back to reference Bai, X., Wu, C., Zheng, R., & Ren, X. (2011). The psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale using a nationally representative sample of China. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(2), 183–197. Bai, X., Wu, C., Zheng, R., & Ren, X. (2011). The psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale using a nationally representative sample of China. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(2), 183–197.
42.
go back to reference Clench-Aas, J., Nes, R. B., Dalgard, O. S., & Aarø, L. E. (2011). Dimensionality and measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Norway. Quality of Life Research, 20(8), 1307–1317. PubMedPubMedCentral Clench-Aas, J., Nes, R. B., Dalgard, O. S., & Aarø, L. E. (2011). Dimensionality and measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Norway. Quality of Life Research, 20(8), 1307–1317. PubMedPubMedCentral
43.
go back to reference Moksnes, U. K., Løhre, A., Byrne, D. G., & Haugan, G. (2014). Satisfaction with life scale in adolescents: Evaluation of factor structure and gender invariance in a Norwegian sample. Social Indicators Research, 118(2), 657–671. Moksnes, U. K., Løhre, A., Byrne, D. G., & Haugan, G. (2014). Satisfaction with life scale in adolescents: Evaluation of factor structure and gender invariance in a Norwegian sample. Social Indicators Research, 118(2), 657–671.
45.
go back to reference Hultell, D., & Gustavsson, J. P. (2008). A psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in a Swedish nationwide sample of university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1070–1079. Hultell, D., & Gustavsson, J. P. (2008). A psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in a Swedish nationwide sample of university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1070–1079.
46.
go back to reference Jovanovic, V. (2016). The validity of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in adolescents and a comparison with single-item life satisfaction measures: a preliminary study. Quality of life Research, 25(12), 3173–3180. doi: 10.​1007/​s11136-016-1331-5. CrossRefPubMed Jovanovic, V. (2016). The validity of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in adolescents and a comparison with single-item life satisfaction measures: a preliminary study. Quality of life Research, 25(12), 3173–3180. doi: 10.​1007/​s11136-016-1331-5. CrossRefPubMed
47.
go back to reference Zanon, C., Bardagi, M. P., Layous, K., & Hutz, C. S. (2014). Validation of the satisfaction with life scale to Brazilians: Evidences of measurement noninvariance across Brazil and US. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 443–453. Zanon, C., Bardagi, M. P., Layous, K., & Hutz, C. S. (2014). Validation of the satisfaction with life scale to Brazilians: Evidences of measurement noninvariance across Brazil and US. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 443–453.
50.
go back to reference Swami, V., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2009). Psychometric evaluation of the Malay satisfaction with life scale. Social Indicators Research, 92(1), 25. Swami, V., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2009). Psychometric evaluation of the Malay satisfaction with life scale. Social Indicators Research, 92(1), 25.
52.
go back to reference Atienza, F. L., Balaguer, I., & García-Merita, M. a. L (2003). Satisfaction with life scale: Analysis of factorial invariance across sexes. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(6), 1255–1260. Atienza, F. L., Balaguer, I., & García-Merita, M. a. L (2003). Satisfaction with life scale: Analysis of factorial invariance across sexes. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(6), 1255–1260.
53.
go back to reference Jovanović, V., Joshanloo, M., Đunda, D., & Bakhshi, A. (2016). Gender differences in the relationship between domain-specific and general life satisfaction: A study in Iran and Serbia. Applied Research in Quality of Life. doi: 10.​1007/​s11482-016-9461-z. CrossRef Jovanović, V., Joshanloo, M., Đunda, D., & Bakhshi, A. (2016). Gender differences in the relationship between domain-specific and general life satisfaction: A study in Iran and Serbia. Applied Research in Quality of Life. doi: 10.​1007/​s11482-016-9461-z. CrossRef
54.
go back to reference Tucker, K. L., Ozer, D. J., Lyubomirsky, S., & Boehm, J. K. (2006). Testing for measurement invariance in the satisfaction with life scale: A comparison of Russians and North Americans. Social Indicators Research, 78(2), 341–360. Tucker, K. L., Ozer, D. J., Lyubomirsky, S., & Boehm, J. K. (2006). Testing for measurement invariance in the satisfaction with life scale: A comparison of Russians and North Americans. Social Indicators Research, 78(2), 341–360.
55.
56.
go back to reference Dimitrova, R., & Espinosa, A. D. C. D. (2015). Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Argentina, Mexico and Nicaragua. Social Inquiry into Well-Being, 1(1), 32. doi: 10.​13165/​siiw-15-1-1-04. CrossRef Dimitrova, R., & Espinosa, A. D. C. D. (2015). Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Argentina, Mexico and Nicaragua. Social Inquiry into Well-Being, 1(1), 32. doi: 10.​13165/​siiw-15-1-1-04. CrossRef
58.
go back to reference Bieda, A., Hirschfeld, G., Schonfeld, P., Brailovskaia, J., Zhang, X. C., & Margraf, J. (2016). Universal happiness? Cross-cultural measurement invariance of scales assessing positive mental health. Psychological assessment. doi: 10.​1037/​pas0000353. CrossRefPubMed Bieda, A., Hirschfeld, G., Schonfeld, P., Brailovskaia, J., Zhang, X. C., & Margraf, J. (2016). Universal happiness? Cross-cultural measurement invariance of scales assessing positive mental health. Psychological assessment. doi: 10.​1037/​pas0000353. CrossRefPubMed
59.
go back to reference Oishi, S. (2006). The concept of life satisfaction across cultures: An IRT analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(4), 411–423. Oishi, S. (2006). The concept of life satisfaction across cultures: An IRT analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(4), 411–423.
60.
61.
go back to reference Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E., & Gencoz, T. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish university students, correctional officers, and elderly adults. Social Indicators Research, 99(3), 413–429. Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E., & Gencoz, T. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish university students, correctional officers, and elderly adults. Social Indicators Research, 99(3), 413–429.
63.
go back to reference Gouveia, V. V., Milfont, T. L., Da Fonseca, P. N., & de Miranda Coelho, J. A. P. (2009). Life satisfaction in Brazil: Testing the psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) in five Brazilian samples. Social Indicators Research, 90(2), 267. Gouveia, V. V., Milfont, T. L., Da Fonseca, P. N., & de Miranda Coelho, J. A. P. (2009). Life satisfaction in Brazil: Testing the psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) in five Brazilian samples. Social Indicators Research, 90(2), 267.
64.
go back to reference Pons, D., Atienza, F. L., Balaguer, I., & García-Merita, M. L. (2000). Satisfaction With Life Scale: Analysis of factorial invariance for adolescents and elderly persons. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91(1), 62–68. PubMed Pons, D., Atienza, F. L., Balaguer, I., & García-Merita, M. L. (2000). Satisfaction With Life Scale: Analysis of factorial invariance for adolescents and elderly persons. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91(1), 62–68. PubMed
66.
go back to reference Gana, K., Bailly, N., Saada, Y., Joulain, M., & Alaphilippe, D. (2013). Does life satisfaction change in old age: results from an 8-year longitudinal study. The Journals of Gerontology B, 68(4), 540–552. doi: 10.​1093/​geronb/​gbs093. CrossRef Gana, K., Bailly, N., Saada, Y., Joulain, M., & Alaphilippe, D. (2013). Does life satisfaction change in old age: results from an 8-year longitudinal study. The Journals of Gerontology B, 68(4), 540–552. doi: 10.​1093/​geronb/​gbs093. CrossRef
67.
go back to reference Hu, L.-T., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424. Hu, L.-T., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424.
68.
go back to reference Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2006). LISREL 8.8 statistical program [Scientific Software]. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software International. Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2006). LISREL 8.8 statistical program [Scientific Software]. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software International.
69.
go back to reference Kushner, E. (2003). English as global language: problems, dangers, opportunities. Diogenes, 50(2), 17–23. Kushner, E. (2003). English as global language: problems, dangers, opportunities. Diogenes, 50(2), 17–23.
70.
go back to reference Van Nes, F., Abma, T., Jonsson, H., & Deeg, D. (2010). Language differences in qualitative research: is meaning lost in translation? European Journal of Ageing, 7(4), 313–316. PubMedPubMedCentral Van Nes, F., Abma, T., Jonsson, H., & Deeg, D. (2010). Language differences in qualitative research: is meaning lost in translation? European Journal of Ageing, 7(4), 313–316. PubMedPubMedCentral
71.
go back to reference Huebner, E. S. (1991). Initial development of the student’s life satisfaction scale. School Psychology International, 12(3), 231–240. Huebner, E. S. (1991). Initial development of the student’s life satisfaction scale. School Psychology International, 12(3), 231–240.
72.
go back to reference Gadermann, A. M., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2010). Investigating validity evidence of the satisfaction with life scale adapted for children. Social Indicators Research, 96(2), 229–247. Gadermann, A. M., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2010). Investigating validity evidence of the satisfaction with life scale adapted for children. Social Indicators Research, 96(2), 229–247.
73.
go back to reference Van De Schoot, R., Schmidt, P., De Beuckelaer, A., Lek, K., & Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, M. (2015). Editorial: Measurement invariance. Frontier in Psychology, 6, 1064. Van De Schoot, R., Schmidt, P., De Beuckelaer, A., Lek, K., & Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, M. (2015). Editorial: Measurement invariance. Frontier in Psychology, 6, 1064.
74.
go back to reference Messick, S. (1995). Validity of psychological assessment: Validation of inferences from persons’ responses and performances as scientific inquiry into score meaning. American Psychologist, 50(9), 741. Messick, S. (1995). Validity of psychological assessment: Validation of inferences from persons’ responses and performances as scientific inquiry into score meaning. American Psychologist, 50(9), 741.
75.
go back to reference Zumbo, B. D. (2009). Validity as contextualized and pragmatic explanation, and its implications for validation practice. In R. W. Lissitz (Ed.) The concept of validity: Revisions, new directions and applications (pp. 65–82). Charlotte: IAP – Information Age Publishing. Zumbo, B. D. (2009). Validity as contextualized and pragmatic explanation, and its implications for validation practice. In R. W. Lissitz (Ed.) The concept of validity: Revisions, new directions and applications (pp. 65–82). Charlotte: IAP – Information Age Publishing.
Metagegevens
Titel
Measurement invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: reviewing three decades of research
Auteurs
Scott D. Emerson
Martin Guhn
Anne M. Gadermann
Publicatiedatum
21-03-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 9/2017
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-017-1552-2