Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/6-18) is a widely used parent-report measure of youth internalizing and externalizing problems. Accumulating evidence, however, suggests that the CBCL may not adequately assess clinical problems in diverse populations. We investigated the measurement equivalence (ME) of the CBCL in an African American adolescent sample (N = 145). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated poor factor model fit; however, modification indices and an alternative two-factor model produced improved fit statistics. Internal consistency coefficients of CBCL scales ranged from α = .65 to .88 and were generally lower than those reported for the normative sample. The CBCL exhibited convergent validity with conceptually similar scales on the Parent Report Scale of the Behavior Assessment System for Children; however, the correlations were weaker than those reported for the normative sample. The CBCL Internalizing composite failed to predict clinician-rated Emotional problems, however, the Externalizing composite predicted clinician-rated behavior problems. In summary, the CBCL did not exhibit unequivocal evidence of ME, as it both possesses and lacks a number of statistical attributes that would demonstrate its equivalence with African Americans. Future empirical and theoretical work is discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Barber, C. C., Neese, D. T., Coyne, L., Fultz, J., & Fonagy, P. (2002). The target symptom rating: A brief clinical measure of acute psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology,31, 181–192.
Bland, J. M., & Altman, D. G. (1997). Statistics notes: Cronbach’s alpha. British Medical Journal,314, 572. PubMed
Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. Oxford, England: Wiley.
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Chou, C., & Bentler, P. M. (1995). Estimates and tests in structural equation modeling. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 37–55). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Coll, C. G., & Garrido, M. (2000). Minorities in the United States: Sociocultural context for mental health and developmental psychopathology. In A. J. Sameroff, M. Lewis, & S. M. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 177–195). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Conners, C. K. (1998). The Conners rating scales. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Fabrega, H., Mezzich, J., & Ulrich, R. F. (1988). Black-white differences in psychopathology in an urban psychiatric population. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 29, 285–297.
Gibbs, J. T. (1998). High-risk behaviors in African American youth: Conceptual and methodological issues in research. In V. C. McLoyd & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Studying minority adolescents: Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues (pp. 55–86). New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Hamer, S., & Collinson, G. (2005). Achieving evidence-based practice: A handbook for practitioners. Edinburgh: Baillière Tindall.
Hoyle, R. H. (1995). Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling,6, 1–55. CrossRef
Jaccard, J., & Wan, C. K. (1996). LISREL approaches to interaction effects in multiple regression. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Jagers, R. J. (1996). Culture and problem behaviors among inner-city African-American youth: Further explorations. Journal of Adolescence, 19, 371–381.
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (2003a). LISREL 8: User’s reference guide. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (2003b). PRELIS 2: User’s reference guide. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Kline, R. B. (1995). New objective ratings scales for child assessment, II. Self-report scales for children and adolescents: Self-report of personality of the behavior assessment system for children, the youth self-report, and the personality inventory for youth. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment,13, 169–193. doi: 10.1177/073428299501300207. CrossRef
Knight, G. P., & Hill, N. E. (1998). Measurement equivalence in research involving minority adolescents. In V. C. McLoyd & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Studying minority adolescents: Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues (pp. 183–210). New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Konold, T. R., Hamre, B. K., & Pianta, R. C. (2003). Measuring problem behaviors in young children. Behavioral Disorders,28, 111–123.
Lambert, M. C., Markle, F., & Bellas, V. F. (2001). Psychopathology and assessment in African American children and families: A historical, ecological, and strength-based perspective. In A. M. Neal-Barnett, J. M. Contreras, & K. A. Kerns (Eds.), Forging links: African American children clinical developmental perspectives (pp. 1–22). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Lambert, M. C., Schmitt, N., Samms-Vaughan, M. E., Shin An, J., Fairclough, M., & Nutter, C. A. (2003). Is it prudent to administer all items for each child behavior checklist cross-informant syndrome? Evaluating the psychometric properties of the youth self-report dimensions with confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory. Psychological Assessment,15, 550–568. doi: 10.1037/1040-35220.127.116.110. PubMedCrossRef
McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Changing demographics in the American population: Implications for research on minority children and adolescents. In V. C. McLoyd & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Studying minority adolescents: Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues (pp. 3–28). New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Neal, A. M., & Turner, S. M. (1991). Anxiety disorders research with African Americans: Current status. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 400–410.
Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (1998). Behavior assessment system for children (BASC) manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services.
Sandberg, D. E., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., & Yager, T. J. (1991). The child behavior checklist nonclinical standardization samples: Should they be utilized as norms? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,30, 124–134. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199101000-00019. PubMedCrossRef
Taylor, R. D. (2001). Psychological adjustment of urban, inner-city, African American adolescents. In A. M. Neal-Barnett, J. M. Contreras, & K. A. Kerns (Eds.), Forging links: African American children clinical developmental perspectives (pp. 89–105). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Vaughn, M. L., Riccio, C. A., Hynd, G. W., & Hall, J. (1997). Diagnosing ADHD (predominantly inattentive and combined subtypes): Discriminant validity of the behavior assessment system for children and the achenbach parent and teacher rating scales. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology,26, 349–357. doi: 10.1207/s15374424jccp2604_3. PubMedCrossRef
Wong, E. C., Kim, B. S. K., Zane, N. W. S., Kim, I. J., & Huang, J. S. (2003). Examining culturally based variables associated with ethnicity: Influences on credibility perceptions of empirically supported interventions. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology,9, 88–96. doi: 10.1037/1099-9809.9.1.88. CrossRef
- Measurement Equivalence of the Child Behavior Checklist among Parents of African American Adolescents
Kristen E. Jastrowski Mano
W. Hobart Davies
Bonita P. Klein-Tasman
Vincent J. Adesso
- Springer US